Manovati, Manovatī, Manas-vati, Manasvati: 6 definitions

Introduction

Manovati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (M) next»] — Manovati in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Manovatī (मनोवती).—The city of Brahmā. This city is situated in the centre of the nine cities on the top of the mountain Mahāmeru. Around it are the cities of the Aṣṭadikpālakas. (8th Skandha, Devī Bhāgavata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Manovatī (मनोवती).—The sabhā of Brahmā on the first innerslope of Meru in which reside Īśāna and Indra besides sages and seers.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 34. 72-7.

1b) A daughter of Tumburu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 49.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam

Manovatī (मनोवती).—According to Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 5.16.29, “Brahmā’s township is known as Manovatī, and those of his assistants such as Indra and Agni are known as Amarāvatī, Tejovatī, Saṃyamanī, Kṛṣṇāṅganā, Śraddhāvatī, Gandhavatī, Mahodayā and Yaśovatī. Brahmapurī is situated in the middle, and the other eight purīs surround it in all directions”.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (M) next»] — Manovati in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Manovatī (मनोवती) is the daughter of Citrāṅgada: a Vidyādhara who had transformed into a lion because of curse spoken by Nārada, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 22. Manovatī, was married to Vasudatta, a previous human incarnation of Jīmūtavāhana. The tale of his previous incarnation was told by Jīmūtavāhana to Mitrāvasu (son of Viśvāvasu) for the sake of his curiosity.

2) Manovatī (मनोवती) is the daughter of the Asura king Tantukaccha, and was given to Sūryaprabha in marriage according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 45. Accordingly, “... and the next day Tantukaccha invited and conducted him, surrounded with his companions, headed by Prahlāda, to his palace in the seventh underworld. There that king of the Asuras gave him his daughter Manovatī, adorned with splendid jewels, bright as molten gold. There Sūryaprabha spent a highly agreeable day, and passed the night in the society of Manovatī”.

The story of Manovatī and Durāroha was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Manovatī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Manovatī (मनोवती) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) defined by Bharata, to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Nandinī in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Manovatī also corresponds to Kanakaprabhā, Jayā, Sumaṅgalī. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Manasvatī (मनस्वती):—[=manas-vatī] [from manas-vat > manas > man] f. (atī) [wrong reading] for anas-vatī, [Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa]

2) Manovatī (मनोवती):—[=mano-vatī] [from mano > man] f. Name of a woman, [Harivaṃśa]

3) [v.s. ...] of an Apsaras, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of the Vidyā-dhara Citrāṅgada, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of the Asura-pati Su-māya, [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] of a mythical town on mount Meru, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa [Scholiast or Commentator]]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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