Rajapura, Rājapura, Raja-pura, Rajan-pura: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Rajapura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Rajapura in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Rājapura (राजपुर).—An ancient and famous city in Kāmboja. Here Karṇa defeated the Kāmbojas. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 5).

2) Rājapura (राजपुर).—Capital city of King Citrāṅgada of Kaliṅga. Innumerable kings gathered together in the city in connection with the Svayaṃvara of the princesses. (Śānti Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 3).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Rājapura (राजपुर) is the name of an ancient city, according to chapter 6.2 [aranātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“[...] After descending from Vaijayantī, on the eleventh day in the bright halt of Mārga, the moon being in Pauṣṇa, in the last division of the day, the Lord became a mendicant together with a thousand kings, observing a two-day fast; and at that same time mind-reading knowledge arose. On the next day the Master broke his fast with rice-pudding at the house of King Aparājita in the city Rājapura. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Rājapura (राजपुर) is the name of an ancient city of the Kaliṅga country, according to the Mahābhārata 13.4.3.

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Rajapura (or, Rājapurā) refers to one of the 84 castes (gaccha) in the Jain community according to various sources. The associated place of origin is known as Rajapura (or, Rājapura). The Jain caste and sub-caste system was a comparatively later development within their community, and it may have arisen from the ancient classification of Brāhmaṇa, Kṣatriya, Vaiśya and Śūdra. Before distinction of these classes (such as Rajapura), the society was not divided into distinct separate sections, but all were considered as different ways of life and utmost importance was attached to individual chartacter and mode of behaviour.

According to Dr. Vilas Adinath Sangava, “Jainism does not recognise castes (viz., Rajapura) as such and at the same time the Jaina books do not specifically obstruct the observance of caste rules by the members of the Jaina community. The attitude of Jainism towards caste is that it is one of the social practices, unconnected with religion, observed by people; and it was none of its business to regulate the working of the caste system” (source).

The legendary account of the origin of these 84 Jain castes (e.g., Rajapura) relate that once a rich Jain invited members of the Jain community in order to establish a vaiśya-mahāsabhā (i.e. Central Association of Traders). In response, 84 representatives came from different places (e.g., Rajapura), and they were later seen as the progenitors of these castes. Various sources however mention differences in the list.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Rājapura (राजपुर) is the name of an ancient capital city of Kaliṅga: a locality situated in Dakkhiṇāpatha (Deccan) or “southern district” of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—According to the Mahābhārata the ancient Kaliṅga country seems to have comprised modern Orissa to the south of the Vaitaraṇī and the sea coast southward as far as Vizagapatam and its capital was Rājapura (Śāntiparva, IV). According to the Kurma Purāṇa it included the Amarakantaka hills.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rājapura (राजपुर).—a royal city.

Derivable forms: rājapuram (राजपुरम्).

Rājapura is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms rājan and pura (पुर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājapura (राजपुर).—[neuter] [feminine] [Name] of a city.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājapura (राजपुर):—[=rāja-pura] [from rāja > rāj] n. ‘king’s-town’, Name of a city, [Mahābhārata]

[Sanskrit to German]

Rajapura in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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