Citralekha, aka: Citralekhā; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Citralekha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chitralekha.

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Citralekhā (चित्रलेखा) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first five, the eleventh, the twelfth, the fourteenth, the fifteenth, the seventeenth syllables of a foot (pāda) are heavy (guru), while the rest of the syllables are light (laghu). It is also known by the name Kusumitalatāvellitā.

⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⏑¦¦⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⏑¦¦
⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⏑¦¦⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⏑¦¦

Citralekhā falls in the Dhṛti class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing eighteen syllables each.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Purāṇa

1a) Citralekhā (चित्रलेखा).—A companion of Bāṇa's daughter, Ūṣā; daughter of Kumbhāṇḍa minister to Bāṇa; heard from Ūṣā of her dream about a certain prince, and being an artist drew pictures of gods and men. Ūṣā identified Aniruddha as her lover. Citralekha travelled by air to Dvārakā and carried Aniruddha to Ūṣā's harem at Śoṇitapura unnoticed by any.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 23[9]; 62. 14-23; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 32. 17-30; 33. 5.

1b) An Apsaras in the sabhā of Hiraṇyakaśipu; rescued along with Urvaśī from the Asura Keśin by Purūravas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 161. 75; 24. 23.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Citralekha (चित्रलेख): Chitralekha was a friend of Usha and daughter of minister of Banasura. She was a talented lady who helped Usha to identify the young man, Aniruddha, seen in the dream of Usha. Chitralekha through supernatural powers abducted Aniruddha from the palace of Krishna and brought him to Usha.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Relevant definitions

Search found 11 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Usa
usa (उस).—An interjection upon a sudden pang or twinge. v mhaṇa, kara. See hāya.
Vasudeva
Vāsudeva (वासुदेव), a native of Kerala has composed a work namely Vṛttagajendramokṣa, which sup...
Aniruddha
Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध, “unceasing”).—According to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV): tho...
Sura
Surā (सुरा, “spirituous”) or Surāsāgara refers to one of the “seven oceans” (sāgara) as defined...
Pradyumna
Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न) refers to one of the many varieties of the Śālagrāma (ammonite fossil st...
Apsaras
apsarā (अप्सरा).—f A courtesan of svarga. Not fully grown or developed. Timid, gentle.
Kumbhanda
Kumbhāṇḍa (कुम्भाण्ड).—One of a class of evil spirits who, as their name would indicate, had “t...
Pata
paṭa (पट).—m f A chequered board or cloth (to play at chess, songtya &c.) A roll- list. A roll,...
Dvaraka
dvārakā (द्वारका).—f (S) Dwarka, the capital of kṛṣṇa, a sacred place and much resorted to by p...
Keshin
1a) Keśin (केशिन्).—A son of Vasudeva and Kauśalya; the family of.** Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX....
Kusumitalatavellita
Kusumitalatāvellitā (कुसुमितलतावेल्लिता) is another name for Citralekhā, which refers to a type...

Relevant text

- Was this explanation helpful? Leave a comment:

Make this page a better place for research and define the term yourself in your own words.

You have to be a member in order to post comments. Click here to login or click here to become a member.