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Citralekha, aka: Citralekhā; 2 Definition(s)


Citralekha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


1a) Citralekhā (चित्रलेखा).—A companion of Bāṇa's daughter, Ūṣā; daughter of Kumbhāṇḍa minister to Bāṇa; heard from Ūṣā of her dream about a certain prince, and being an artist drew pictures of gods and men. Ūṣā identified Aniruddha as her lover. Citralekha travelled by air to Dvārakā and carried Aniruddha to Ūṣā's harem at Śoṇitapura unnoticed by any.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 23[9]; 62. 14-23; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 32. 17-30; 33. 5.

1b) An Apsaras in the sabhā of Hiraṇyakaśipu; rescued along with Urvaśī from the Asura Keśin by Purūravas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 161. 75; 24. 23.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Citralekhā (चित्रलेखा) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first five, the eleventh, the twelfth, the fourteenth, the fifteenth, the seventeenth syllables of a foot (pāda) are heavy (guru), while the rest of the syllables are light (laghu). It is also known by the name Kusumitalatāvellitā.


Citralekhā falls in the Dhṛti class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing eighteen syllables each.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstraNāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

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1a) Kumbhāṇḍa (कुम्भाण्ड).—A minister of Bāṇa. His daughter Citralekhā, was a companion o...
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Kusumitalatāvellitā (कुसुमितलतावेल्लिता) is another name for Citralekhā, which refers to a type...

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