Yogasana, aka: Yoga-asana, Yogāsana; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Yogasana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

Yogasana (Yoga-asana)—The yogi position. The legs are crossed with the feet touching the ground. The knees are slightly drawn up and supported by a special tape (yogapatta). This position shows a god as an ascetic. In a variation of this position, only the right leg is drawn up and supported by the yogapatta while the left leg hangs down.

(Source): Google Books: The Book of Hindu Imagery: Gods, Manifestations and Their Meaning

Yogāsana (योगासन).—When used as a pītha (seat or pedestal), this Āsana should be used as the seat for the image during invocation, according to the Suprabhedāgama. According to the Candrajñānāgama, the seat is of a octagonal shape.

(Source): Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography
Śilpaśāstra book cover
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Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Yogāsana (योगासन) is one of five pedestals that makes up the Śivāsana, unto which Śiva is installed and invoked during the ritualistic process of śivārcana, according to the Sakalāgamasāra-saṃgraha. In the process of invocation (āvāhana) Lord Śiva is contemplated as seated on Yogāsana: “in the process of invocation (āvāhana) Lord Śiva is contemplated as seated on yogāsana”. This particular āsana is associated with the shape of an octagon and is connected with the element Fire.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Yogāsana (योगासन) is a type of posture (āsana), according to verse 64 of the Śrītattvanidhi.—Accordingly, “Place the left ankle on the right knee and the right ankle on the left knee. Do the sacrificial altar reversal. Place the eyes between the eye-brows. This is yogāsana”.

The 19th-century Śrītattvanidhi is a sanskrit treatise describing 80 primary āsanas, or ‘posture’ (eg., yoga-āsana) and several additional ones.

The name is not found in Iyengar but a yogamudrā, technically not an āsana, similar to this is commonly known. The yogamudrā position is a padmāsana leg position and incorporates movements of the upper body and breathing restrictions. It might be considered, then, that it belongs to the same āsana family as this and thus related to or derived from this.

(Source): archive.org: Yoga Tradition of the Mysore Palace

Yogāsana (योगासन) is one of the thirty-two āsanas (postures) taught in the second chapter of the Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā: “Turning the feet upwards and placing them on the (opposite) knees and keeping the hands on the seat with the palms turned upwards draw in air by inhaling and fix the gaze on the tip of the nose. This is Yogāsana assumed by the yogis for practice of Yoga”.

Yogāsana is one of the selected 32 postures amongs 8,400,000 total mentioned by Śiva, according to Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā 2.1-2, “In all, there are as many Āsanas as species of animals. Eighty-four lacs of them are mentioned by Śiva. Out of them, 84 are regarded as important and among these 84, again 32 are good (enough) in this world of mortal beings”.

The 17th-century Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā (mentioning yoga-āsana) is one of the three classic texts of Haṭha-yoga: a major branch of Yoga, sharing similarities with the Yoga system taught by Patañjali, though claiming its own mythical founder known as Matsyendranātha. This gheraṇḍa-saṃhitā is an encyclopedic Sanskrit treatise describing thirty two such āsanas.

(Source): archive.org: Gheranda Samhita
Yoga book cover
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Originally, Yoga is considered a branch of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

yōgāsana (योगासन).—n S A posture of a yōgī performing yōga.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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