by Hermann Oldenberg | 1886 | 37,785 words

The Grihya-sutra ascribed to Shankhayana, which has been edited and translated into German in the XVth volume of the "Indische Studien", is based on the first of the four Vedas, the Rig-veda in the Bashkala recension, and among the Brahmana texts, on the Kaushitaka. Alternative titles: Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra (शाङ्खायन-गृह्य-सूत्र), Shank...

Adhyāya IV, Khaṇḍa 4

1[1]. Now (follows) the Ābhyudayika (i.e. the Śrāddha ceremony referring to good luck).

2. In the fortnight of the increasing moon, on an auspicious day,

3[2]. After the sacrifice to the mothers has been performed,

4. And an even number of (Brāhmaṇas) versed in the Veda have been invited to sit down;

5. In the forenoon;

6[3]. The rite is performed from left to right.

7[4]. The murmuring with the omission of the verses belonging to the Manes.

8. The Darbha blades are straight.

9[5]. Barley is to be used instead of sesamum.

10. The lumps are mixed with curds, jujube fruits, fried grain.

11[6]. On inviting (the Manes, he should say), 'The Nāndīmukha (glad-faced?) Manes will I invite.'

12[7]. 'May the Nāndīmukha Manes be rejoiced,' instead of 'imperishable.'

13[8]. 'The Nāndīmukha Manes will I make speak,' when he makes (the Brāhmaṇas) speak.

14[9]. '(Was it) well done?'—thus are they to be asked whether they are satiated.

15. The rest is the same (as in the other kinds of Śrāddha rites), as far as it is not prohibited (by contrary rules).

Footnotes and references:


4, 1. The Ābhyudayika Śrāddha has to be performed on such p. 111 occasions as the birth of a son, the marriage of a son or a daughter, the performance of ceremonies such as the nāmakarman, cūḍākarman, &c. See Yājñavalkya I, 249.


A Śrāddha ceremony directed to the mothers here precedes that consecrated to the fathers.


Professor Stenzler's translation of Yājñavalkya, loc. cit. (pradakṣiṇāvṛtka = die Ehrfurcht beobachtend), has to be corrected according to this Sūtra.


See chap. 1, 8.


See chap. 1, 3.


Concerning the invitation' (āvāhana) see the note on chap. 2, 5.


See chap. 2, 5 and the note there.


'When he causes them to say Svadhā.' Nārāyaṇa. Comp. Āśv.-Gṛhya IV, 7, 30.


Comp. chap. 2, 5.

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