Apapa, Apāpa, Apāpā, Apapā: 17 definitions
Apapa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Apapa (अपप) refers to the “running hell” and represents one of the “eight cold hells” (śīta-naraka) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 122). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., apapa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Apāpā (अपापा) is the name of a city associated with Śūrasena, which refers to one of the 25½ countries of the Kṣetrāryas, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.
Accordingly:—“In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; [...]. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold. The Āryas have sub-divisions [e.g., kṣetra (country)]. [...] The kṣetrāryas are born in the 15 Karmabhumis. Here in Bharata they have 25½ places of origin (e.g., Śūrasena), distinguishable by cities (e.g., Apāpā) in which the birth of Tīrthakṛts, Cakrabhṛts, Kṛṣṇas, and Balas takes place”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (History)
Apapā (अपपा) (or Pāvā or Majjhimā Pāvā) is the name of an ancient locality associated with a traditional pilgrimage route, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Apapā (or Pāvā or Majjhimā Pāvā): k.21, city where, traditionally (Kalpa Sūtra), Mahāvīra achieved liberation; Atlas b G 4; today Pāvā, a small village located three miles north of Giriyak in Bihar (Gaya district); it is still an important place of pilgrimage for the Jaina: ASI VIII p. 77-8 and ASI XI p. 170-71, Glasenapp 1928 p. 128-29, IGI XX p. 81.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Biology (plants and animals)Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)
Apapa in Nigeria is the name of a plant defined with Tetrapleura tetraptera in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Amblygonocarpus andongensis (Welw. ex Oliv.) Exell & Torre (among others).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Journal of Botany, being a second series of the Botanical Miscellany (Hooker) (1841)
· Flora of Tropical Africa (1871)
· Kongel. Danske Vidensk. Selsk. Naturvidensk. Math. Afh. (1828)
· Beskrivelse af Guineeiske planter (1827)
· Botanisches Centralblatt (1891)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Apapa, for example extract dosage, chemical composition, health benefits, pregnancy safety, side effects, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
apāpa (अपाप).—m Sinless, pure, impeccable.
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āpāpa (आपाप).—ad Of one's self, of itself.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Apāpa (अपाप).—a. Sinless, guiltless, pure, virtuous; अपापानां कुले जाते मयि पापं न विद्यते । यदि संभाव्यते पापमपापेन च किं मया (apāpānāṃ kule jāte mayi pāpaṃ na vidyate | yadi saṃbhāvyate pāpamapāpena ca kiṃ mayā) || Mṛcchakaṭika 9.37.
See also (synonyms): apāpin.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Apapa (अपप).—m., name of a (cold) hell: Dharmasaṃgraha 122 (replaces hahava, q.v., of other lists.)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-paḥ-pā-paṃ) Sinless, virtuous, pure. So apāpin mfn. (-pī-pinī-pi) E. a neg. and pāpa sin or pāpin sinner.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Apāpa (अपाप).—adj. innocent.
Apāpa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and pāpa (पाप).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Apāpa (अपाप).—[adjective] not bad, sinless; śīla [adjective] good-natured.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Apapa (अपप):—m. (with Buddhists) a [particular] cold hell, [Dharmasaṃgraha 122].
2) Apāpa (अपाप):—[=a-pāpa] mf(ā)n. sinless, virtuous, pure.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Apāpa (अपाप):—I. [tatpurusha compound] n.
(-pam) Absence of sin or evil, virtue, righteousness, happiness. Ii. [bahuvrihi compound] or [tatpurusha compound] m. f. n.
(-paḥ-pā-pam) Sinless, virtuous, innocent; e. g. in the Bhāgav. Pur. apāpeṣu svabhṛtyeṣu bālenāpakvabuddhinā . pāpaṃ kṛtaṃ tadbhagavāṃsarvātmā kṣantumarhati. Iii. Avyayībh.
(-pam) Without sin. E. a neg. or priv. and pāpa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Apāpa (अपाप):—[a-pāpa] (paḥ-pā-paṃ) a. Sinless.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Apapa (ಅಪಪ):—[interjection] an interjection to express astonishment, pain or fatigue.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+8): Apapaca Mala Gapapa, Apapaca-mala-gapapa, Apapacetas, Apapad, Apapada, Apapadatra, Apapaka, Apapakashin, Apapakrit, Apapala, Apapana, Apapapuri, Apapara, Apaparakiya, Apapare, Apaparika, Apaparyavrit, Apapata, Apapatha, Apapati.
Ends with (+11): Anantapapa, Anavishkritapapa, Anishkritapapa, Apapaca Mala Gapapa, Apapaca-mala-gapapa, Bhadrapapa, Dhantapapa, Dhutapapa, Dushtantapapa, Gatapapa, Hapapa, Kadapapa, Kalapapa, Katapapa, Kelapapa, Khapapa, Kshinapapa, Mahapapa, Mpapapa, Nirdhutapapa.
Full-text: Apapakashin, Apapavasyasa, Apapaviddha, Apapakrit, Apava, Apatra, Apapapuri, Apaapa, Apakvabuddhi, Tatanushti, Pava, Apapin, Hahava, Shurasena, Shitanaraka, Eight Cold Hells, Apaya, Anagha, Shumara.
Search found 10 books and stories containing Apapa, Apāpa, Āpāpa, Apāpā, A-papa, Apapā, A-pāpa; (plurals include: Apapas, Apāpas, Āpāpas, Apāpās, papas, Apapās, pāpas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 1: Mahāvīra’s samavasaraṇa < [Chapter XIII - Śrī Mahāvīra’s nirvāṇa]
Part 29: The people in the Manuṣyaloka < [Chapter III - The initiation and omniscience of Ajita]
Part 2: Mahāvīra’s śāsanadevatās (messenger-deities) < [Chapter V - Mahāvīra’s omniscience and the originating of the fourfold congregation]
Ishavasya Upanishad with Shankara Bhashya (Sitarama) (by S. Sitarama Sastri)
Isha Upanishad (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Women in the Atharva-veda Samhita (by Pranab Jyoti Kalita)
25. Goddess Uṣas < [Chapter 4 - Female Deities and the Glorification of Women in the Atharvaveda]
Yogadrstisamuccaya of Haribhadra Suri (Study) (by Riddhi J. Shah)