Apapa, Apāpa, Apāpā, Apapā: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Apapa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Apapa (अपप) refers to the “running hell” and represents one of the “eight cold hells” (śīta-naraka) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 122). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., apapa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Apāpā (अपापा) is the name of a city associated with Śūrasena, which refers to one of the 25½ countries of the Kṣetrāryas, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; [...]. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold. The Āryas have sub-divisions [e.g., kṣetra (country)]. [...] The kṣetrāryas are born in the 15 Karmabhumis. Here in Bharata they have 25½ places of origin (e.g., Śūrasena), distinguishable by cities (e.g., Apāpā) in which the birth of Tīrthakṛts, Cakrabhṛts, Kṛṣṇas, and Balas takes place”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (History)

Apapā (अपपा) (or Pāvā or Majjhimā Pāvā) is the name of an ancient locality associated with a traditional pilgrimage route, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Apapā (or Pāvā or Majjhimā Pāvā): k.21, city where, traditionally (Kalpa Sūtra), Mahāvīra achieved liberation; Atlas b G 4; today Pāvā, a small village located three miles north of Giriyak in Bihar (Gaya district); it is still an important place of pilgrimage for the Jaina: ASI VIII p. 77-8 and ASI XI p. 170-71, Glasenapp 1928 p. 128-29, IGI XX p. 81.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

apāpa (अपाप).—m Sinless, pure, impeccable.

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āpāpa (आपाप).—ad Of one's self, of itself.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apāpa (अपाप).—a. Sinless, guiltless, pure, virtuous; अपापानां कुले जाते मयि पापं न विद्यते । यदि संभाव्यते पापमपापेन च किं मया (apāpānāṃ kule jāte mayi pāpaṃ na vidyate | yadi saṃbhāvyate pāpamapāpena ca kiṃ mayā) || Mṛcchakaṭika 9.37.

See also (synonyms): apāpin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Apapa (अपप).—m., name of a (cold) hell: Dharmasaṃgraha 122 (replaces hahava, q.v., of other lists.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apāpa (अपाप).—mfn.

(-paḥ-pā-paṃ) Sinless, virtuous, pure. So apāpin mfn. (-pī-pinī-pi) E. a neg. and pāpa sin or pāpin sinner.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apāpa (अपाप).—adj. innocent.

Apāpa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and pāpa (पाप).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apāpa (अपाप).—[adjective] not bad, sinless; śīla [adjective] good-natured.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Apapa (अपप):—m. (with Buddhists) a [particular] cold hell, [Dharmasaṃgraha 122].

2) Apāpa (अपाप):—[=a-pāpa] mf(ā)n. sinless, virtuous, pure.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apāpa (अपाप):—I. [tatpurusha compound] n.

(-pam) Absence of sin or evil, virtue, righteousness, happiness. Ii. [bahuvrihi compound] or [tatpurusha compound] m. f. n.

(-paḥ-pā-pam) Sinless, virtuous, innocent; e. g. in the Bhāgav. Pur. apāpeṣu svabhṛtyeṣu bālenāpakvabuddhinā . pāpaṃ kṛtaṃ tadbhagavāṃsarvātmā kṣantumarhati. Iii. Avyayībh.

(-pam) Without sin. E. a neg. or priv. and pāpa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apāpa (अपाप):—[a-pāpa] (paḥ-pā-paṃ) a. Sinless.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Apāpa (अपाप) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Apātra, Apāvā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Apapa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Apapa (ಅಪಪ):—[interjection] an interjection to express astonishment, pain or fatigue.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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