Karshapana, Kārṣāpaṇa, Karṣāpaṇa, Karsha-apana: 9 definitions

Introduction

Karshapana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kārṣāpaṇa and Karṣāpaṇa can be transliterated into English as Karsapana or Karshapana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (K) next»] — Karshapana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kārṣāpaṇa (कार्षापण).—(KĀRṢIKAM). A measure of weight for gold and silver in ancient India.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kārṣāpaṇa (कार्षापण).—A coin in common use; fines in terms of.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 227. 79 & 93, 197.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous (K) next»] — Karshapana in Buddhism glossary
Source: Google Books: Divine Stories: Divyavadana

Kārṣāpaṇa (कार्षापण).—A kind of coin in ancient India, usually of copper or silver, though gold ones also circulated.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kārṣāpaṇa.—(IE 8-8; EI 29; CII 4), name of a gold, silver or copper coin one karṣa (80 ratis) in weight; name of a silver coin of 32 ratis, same as purāṇa or dharaṇa; name applied to the gold gaṇḍa-māḍa also called niṣka or gaṇḍa-niṣka (JNSI, Vol. XVI, p. 43). The weight of a copper or gold kārṣāpaṇa was 80 or 100 ratis (JNSI, Vol XV, p. 143); copper kārṣāpaṇa was also called paṇa. Cf. kāhāpaṇa (EI 8), Prakrit for Sanskrit kārṣāpaṇa; see kāhāṇa, kāhaṇa. Note: kārṣāpaṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Kārṣāpaṇa.—silver coin weighing 32 ratis (about 58 grains), also called purāṇa or dharaṇa; copper coin of 80 ratis or about 146 grains (sometimes 100 ratis or about 183 grains), also called paṇa; Śaka-type silver coin of about 20 ratis, also called rūpaka, dramma, etc.; gold coin of 80 ratis (cf. suvarṇa); name applied to gaṇḍa māḍa (probably (1/2) tola in weight), also called niṣka (q. v.); same as kāhaṇa, etc.; cf. karṣa of 120 ratis. Note: kārṣāpaṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Karshapana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kārṣāpaṇa (कार्षापण).—A coin or weight of different values; पुराकल्प एतदासीत् षोडश माषाः कार्षापणं (purākalpa etadāsīt ṣoḍaśa māṣāḥ kārṣāpaṇaṃ) Mahābhārata on P.I.2.64. कार्षापणं तु विज्ञेयस्ताम्रिकः कार्षिकः पणः (kārṣāpaṇaṃ tu vijñeyastāmrikaḥ kārṣikaḥ paṇaḥ) Ms.9.136,336;9.282. (= karṣa). न हि काकिन्यां नष्टायां तदन्वेषणं कार्षापणेन क्रियते (na hi kākinyāṃ naṣṭāyāṃ tadanveṣaṇaṃ kārṣāpaṇena kriyate) ŚB. on MS.4.3.39.

-ṇam Money, gold and silver.

Derivable forms: kārṣāpaṇaḥ (कार्षापणः), kārṣāpaṇam (कार्षापणम्).

See also (synonyms): kārṣāpaṇaka.

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Karṣāpaṇa (कर्षापण).—= कार्षापण (kārṣāpaṇa) q. v.

Karṣāpaṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms karṣa and āpaṇa (आपण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kārṣāpaṇa (कार्षापण).—mn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇaṃ) A weight or measure of different values, as syno- nimous with Karsha; it is of gold, weighing sixteen Mashas, or about 176 grains; of silver, it is in value sixteen Panas of kowries, or in tale 1280 commonly termed a Kahan: of copper it weighs eighty Retis, or the same as of gold, about 176 grains; according to some, it is the same as a Pan of Kowries, or in tale eighty. n.

(-ṇaṃ) Money, gold and silver. m.

(-ṇaḥ) A husbandman. E. karṣa a Karsha of silver, āpaṇa custom, habit, and the vowel of karṣa lengthened; also with kan added kārṣāpaṇakaḥ see karṣapaṇa and kārṣika.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kārṣāpaṇa (कार्षापण).—i. e. karṣa -āpana + a, m. and n. A coin, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 136.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kārṣāpaṇa (कार्षापण).—[masculine] [neuter] a cert. coin or weight.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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