Apaha, Apahā, Apāhā: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Apaha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Apaha (अपह) refers to “removing” (the enemy’s arrogance), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 6.32cd-36ab]—“[...] [The Mantrin] should place [the mantra] in the middle of honey, together with completely white offerings. After acting this way for seven days, he becomes Mṛtyujit. [The Mantrin] explains to kings how best to protect kings. [Protection] removes the enemy’s arrogance (ripudarpa-apaha) and grants favors at the time of battle”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Apaha (अपह) refers to “that which dispels (haughtiness)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.42 (“Description of the meeting of the Lord and the Mountain”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Dressed richly and exquisitely the gods, the Gaṇas, the sages and others started towards the abode of lord Himavat. In the meantime, Menā desired to see Śiva. O sage, through her lord, you, the excellent sage, were requisitioned there. O sage, urged by the lord who desired to fulfil the task of Śiva you went there. O sage, after bowing to you, Menā with her heart full of surprise told you that she wanted to see the real form of lord Śiva that dispels haughtiness (mada-apaha). [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Apaha (अपह) refers to “destroying” (the thought and sense objects), according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [These] four states of mind should be known by the wise: disintegrated, coming and going, integrated and absorbed. [...] The disintegrated and coming and going [states of mind] grasp at thought and sense objects. Both the integrated and absorbed [states] destroy (apaha) thought and sense objects. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Apaha (अपह) refers to the “damage” (e.g., caused by scorpions), according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—In the beginning of the twelfth Adhyāya, Kāśyapasaṃhita adds external and internal antidotes for poisons of various animals and insects. One of the treatments for scorpions (vṛścika) is mentioned as follows: “A lepa or paste made from Māñjiṣṭhā, sandalwood, Doṣā flowers, Śirīṣa and lily combined with Śārṅga and Oṣṭha , remove the damage caused by scorpions (vṛścika-apaha)”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Apaha (अपह) refers to “absence” (e.g., Kaukṛtyāpaha—‘having no regret’), according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as Gaganagañja said to Ratnapāṇi: “Son of good family, those sixty-four dharmas are included in one hundred twenty-eight dharmas. What are those one hundred twenty-four? [...] 5) striving for the dharma is included in fulfilling one’s own promises and having no regret (kaukṛtya-apaha) of others; (6) being interested in the dharma is included in being inclined towards the dharma and inclination towards the dharma; (7) the beautiful appearance is included in the absence of sleepiness or bewilderment; (8) the beautiful mind is included in noble birth and eliminating the accidental vices; [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Apaha in Nigeria is the name of a plant defined with Pentaclethra macrophylla in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Harpalyce macrocarpa Britton & P. Wilson.

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment (2004)
· International Tree Crops Journal (1995)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1983)
· Phytotherapy Research (1999)
· Journal of Botany (1840)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2001)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Apaha, for example pregnancy safety, side effects, diet and recipes, extract dosage, health benefits, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apaha (अपह).—a. [ap -han -ḍa] (At the end of comp.) Warding or keeping off, taking away, removing, destroying, repelling &c.; न दंशमशकापहम् (na daṃśamaśakāpaham) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 3.97; स्रगियं यदि जीवितापहा (sragiyaṃ yadi jīvitāpahā) R.8.46; परकर्मापहः सोऽभूत् (parakarmāpahaḥ so'bhūt) 17,61

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Apahā (अपहा).—2 P.

1) To leave, abandon; साक्षात्प्रियामुपगतामपहाय पूर्वम् (sākṣātpriyāmupagatāmapahāya pūrvam) Ś.6.15. विललाप स बाष्पगद्गदं सहजामप्यपहाय धीरताम् (vilalāpa sa bāṣpagadgadaṃ sahajāmapyapahāya dhīratām) R.8.43.

2) To discharge, pay off; ऋणान्यनपहाय (ṛṇānyanapahāya) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12. 7.18. -pass. To waste away, wane.

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Apāhā (अपाहा).—3 P. = अपहा (apahā) q. v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apaha (अपह).—[-apa-ha] (vb. han), adj., f. , 1. Removing, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 79, 44; [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 22. 2. Destroying, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 179. 3. Curing, [Suśruta] 2, 408, 5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apaha (अपह).—(—°) [adjective] removing, destroying.

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Apahā (अपहा).—run away.

Apahā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms apa and (हा).

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Apahā (अपहा).—leave, abandon; [Passive][Middle] fall short, decrease.

Apahā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms apa and (हा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Apaha (अपह):—[=apa-ha] [from apa-han] mfn. ifc. keeping back, repelling, removing, destroying (e.g. śokāpaha q.v.)

2) Apahā (अपहा):—[=apa-hā] 1. apa-√2. [Ātmanepada] -jihīte ([Aorist] 3. [plural] -ahāsata [subjunctive] 1. [plural] -hāsmahi), to run away from ([ablative]) or off, [Ṛg-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] 2. apa-√3. [Ātmanepada] ([Aorist] [subjunctive] 2. sg. -hāsthāḥ) to remain behind, fall short, not reach the desired end, [Atharva-veda xviii, 3, 73] :

—[Passive voice] -hīyate, to grow less, decrease (in strength, balam), [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apaha (अपह):—[tatpurusha compound] m. f. n.

(-haḥ-hā-ham) Destroying, removing; only occurring as the latter part of [tatpurusha compound] compounds, e. g. kleśāpaha, tamopaha, jvarāpaha, anilāpaha, tṛṣāpaha. E. han with apa, kṛt aff. ḍa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apaha (अपह):—[apa-ha] (haḥ-hā-haṃ) a. Destroying.

[Sanskrit to German]

Apaha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Apaha (अपह) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Aprabha.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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