Pranapana, Prāṇapaṇā, Prāṇāpāna, Prana-apana: 13 definitions


Pranapana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Prāṇapaṇā (प्राणपणा).—A gloss on the Mahabhasya of Patanjali, written by the famous easterm grammarian Purusottamadeva of the 12th century A. D., of which only a fragment of a few pages is available. As the legend goes, the name प्राणपणा (prāṇapaṇā) was given to the gloss as it was accompanied by an oath on the part of the author that his life was at stake if he did even the slightest injustice to the author of the Mahabhasya.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pranapana in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Prāṇāpāna (प्राणापान) refers to the “Prāṇa and Apāna winds”, which Satī balanced with a steady face while in a yogic trance, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.30. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] having sipped water duly, covering up her body entirely with her cloth she closed her eyes and remembered her lord. She then entered the yogic trance. Keeping her face steady she balanced the winds Prāṇa and Apāna [i.e., prāṇāpāna]. She then lifted up the wind Udāna from the umbilical region (nābhicakra), stabilised it in the cardiac region took it through the throat and finally fixed it in the middle of the eyebrows. She desired to cast-off her body due to her anger with Dakṣa. She desired to burn off the body and retain the pure wind by yogic means. In this posture she remembered the feet of her lord and nothing else”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Pranapana in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Prāṇāpāna (प्राणापान):—Respiration

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pranapana in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Prāṇāpāna (प्राणापान) refers to the “exhaled and inhaled breath”, according to the Jayadrathayāmala verse 2.19.65cd-66.—Accordingly, “O goddess, there are (countless) hundreds of particular waves in the exhaled and inhaled breath [i.e., prāṇāpāna]. Having taken up the modality in the middle (between the two breaths) where that Śāmbhavī energy that is brilliant like (pure white) snow (is located)....”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Pranapana in Jainism glossary
Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Prāṇāpāna (प्राणापान) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.19.—What is the meaning of prāṇāpāna? It means to include both breathing in and out the air i.e. inhale and exhale.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pranapana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prāṇāpāna (प्राणापान).—[-nau] air inhaled and exhaled; प्राणापाना- न्तरे देवी वाग्वै नित्यं प्रतिष्ठिता (prāṇāpānā- ntare devī vāgvai nityaṃ pratiṣṭhitā) Mañjūṣā.

Derivable forms: prāṇāpānam (प्राणापानम्).

Prāṇāpāna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms prāṇa and apāna (अपान).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāṇāpāna (प्राणापान).—m. Du. (-nau) 1. The Ashwini kumaras. 2. Two of the vital airs. E. prāṇa and apāna the air expelled by the anus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāṇāpāna (प्राणापान).—[masculine] [dual] inspiration and expiration.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prāṇāpāna (प्राणापान):—[from prāṇa > prān] m. [dual number] air inhaled and exhaled, [Atharva-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] inspiration and expiration (personified and identified with the Aśvins), [Purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] (with Vasiṣṭhasya) Name of 2 Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāṇāpāna (प्राणापान):—[prāṇā+pāna] (nau) 1. m. du The Ashwīnī physicians; two vital airs.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pranapana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pranapana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prāṇapaṇa (ಪ್ರಾಣಪಣ):—[noun] a putting one’s life as a stake in an endeavour.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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