Apakrishta, Apakṛṣṭa: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Apakrishta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Apakṛṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Apakrsta or Apakrishta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Apakṛṣṭa (अपकृष्ट) is a Sanskrit technical term connected with the preliminary Śuṣkāvakṛṣṭa, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 5. It can also be spelled as Avakṛṣṭa. Performing the apakṛṣṭa preliminary pleases the Nāgas. According to Nāṭyaśāstra 5.57-58, “The performance of the Preliminaries which means worshipping (pūjā) the gods (devas), is praised by them (i.e. gods) and is conducive to duty, fame and long life. And this performance whether with or without songs, is meant for pleasing the Daityas and the Dānavas as well as the gods.”

2) Apakṛṣṭā (अपकृष्टा) refers to one of the six kinds of songs (dhrūva) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 32.384:—“a dhruvā which for the reason of its being sung (lit. drawn up) in other States (?) for reasons other than that with which it began is called the apakṛṣṭā. In case of women of the Kṣatriya and Vaiśya classes there should be apakrīṣṭā-dhruvā in proper tempo”.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Apakṛṣṭa (अपकृष्ट).—After offering the Pūjā the Fourth Man (caturtha-kāra) should make his exit. And then should be sung an apakṛṣṭā-dhruvā in caturasra-tāla and slow tempo. This dhruvā should abound in heavy syllables and depend on the sthāyi-varṇa and be made up of eight kalās, and its tāla should be avapāṇika. The apakṛṣṭā-dhruvā is a song consisting of four feet of ten syllables of which the fourth, the fifth, the seventh and eighth will be short.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Apakṛṣṭa.—(CII 1), distant. Note: apakṛṣṭa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Apakrishta in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

apakṛṣṭa (अपकृष्ट).—p S Drawn down or back, figuratively; viz. traduced, depreciated, deteriorated, injured. 2 Performed before the prescribed period; anticipated. 3 Low, inferior, vile, base.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

apakṛṣṭa (अपकृष्ट).—p Law, vile, mean. (Opp. utkṛṣṭa.) Traduced, depreciated.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Apakrishta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apakṛṣṭa (अपकृष्ट).—p. p.

1) Drawn or taken away, removed; अपकृष्टश्चाणक्याच्चन्द्रगुप्तः (apakṛṣṭaścāṇakyāccandraguptaḥ) Mu.4 severed, alienated estranged, cut off; so नृपोऽपकृष्टः सचिवात् (nṛpo'pakṛṣṭaḥ sacivāt) 4.14; extracted, drawn out, dragged, lost, diminished, brought down, depressed, lowered &c.

2) Drawn or attracted by; सर्वं दैवापकृष्टं मन्यते युधिष्ठिरः (sarvaṃ daivāpakṛṣṭaṃ manyate yudhiṣṭhiraḥ) Ve.5, dependent on, or the work of, Fate.

3) Low, vile, base, inferior, mean (opp. utkṛṣṭa); न कश्चिद्वर्णानामपथमपकृष्टोऽपि भजते (na kaścidvarṇānāmapathamapakṛṣṭo'pi bhajate) Ś.5.1; पतिं हित्वाऽपकृष्टं स्वमुत्कृष्टं या निषेवते (patiṃ hitvā'pakṛṣṭaṃ svamutkṛṣṭaṃ yā niṣevate) Manusmṛti 5.163;8.281;9.24; सहापकृष्टैर्महतां न सङ्गतम् (sahāpakṛṣṭairmahatāṃ na saṅgatam) Kirātārjunīya 14.22.

4) Forbidden, prohibited; चारित्रेण महाबाहुरपकृष्टः स लक्ष्मणः (cāritreṇa mahābāhurapakṛṣṭaḥ sa lakṣmaṇaḥ) Rām.4.33.27.

-ṣṭaḥ A crow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apakṛṣṭa (अपकृष्ट).—mfn.

(-ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) 1. Low, vile, inferior. 2. Perplexed, distressed. 3. Depressed, lowered, brought down. E. part. past of kṛṣ, with apa prefixed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apakṛṣṭa (अपकृष्ट).—[adjective] drawn down, inferior, low, mean.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Apakṛṣṭa (अपकृष्ट):—[=apa-kṛṣṭa] [from apa-kṛṣ] mfn. drawn away, taken away, removed lost

2) [v.s. ...] dragged down, brought down, depressed

3) [v.s. ...] low, vile, inferior

4) [v.s. ...] m. a crow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apakṛṣṭa (अपकृष्ट):—[tatpurusha compound] 1. m. f. n.

(-ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭam) 1) Drawn down or away.

2) Inferior, low, degraded.

3) Anticipated (as a word or a religious act that occurs later); used in this sense by the writers on the Mimāṃsā (comp. apakarṣa); e. g. rājño yajamānasyābhiṣeko mādhyandinasavane stotrakālepakṛṣyate . tasminnapakṛṣṭe sati &c. 2. m.

(-ṣṭaḥ) A crow. E. kṛṣ with apa, kṛt aff. kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apakṛṣṭa (अपकृष्ट):—[apa-kṛṣṭa] (ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) a. Low.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Apakṛṣṭa (अपकृष्ट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Uiṭṭha, Okḍaḍha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Apakrishta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Apakrishta in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Apakṛṣṭa (ಅಪಕೃಷ್ಟ):—

1) [adjective] drawn away or back; separated.

2) [adjective] not good; below standard or reputation.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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