Antariksha, Antarīkṣa, Antarikṣa, Āntarikṣa, Āntarīkṣa: 17 definitions


Antariksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Antarīkṣa and Antarikṣa and Āntarikṣa and Āntarīkṣa can be transliterated into English as Antariksa or Antariksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (A) next»] — Antariksha in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Antarikṣa (अन्तरिक्ष):—Son of Puṣkara (son of Sunakṣatra). He will be born in the future and become a king. He will have a son called Sutapā. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.12.12)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Antarīkṣa (अन्तरीक्ष).—One of the seven sons of Murāsura, the other six being Tāmra, Śravaṇa, Vasu, Vibhāvasu, Nabhasvān and Aruṇa. After the death of their father they quarrelled with Śrī Kṛṣṇa and were killed by him. (Bhāgavata, Daśama Skandha, Chapter 59, Verse 19). (See full article at Story of Antarīkṣa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Antarīkṣa (अन्तरीक्ष).—A Rājā named Antarīkṣa is mentioned in the Bhāgavata. Genealogy. Viṣṇu, Brahmā, Svāyambhuva, Priyavrata, Agnīdhra, Nābhi, Ṛṣabha, Antarīkṣa. Svāyambhuva Manu had two sons, Uttānapāda and Priyavrata. Dhruva was the son of Uttānapāda. Priyavrata married Barhiṣmatī, and they had eleven children including Agnīdhra. Agnīdhra married Pūrvacitti, a Deva woman, and they became parents to nine sons, viz. Nābhi, Kimpuruṣa, Hari, Ilāvṛta, Ramyaka, Hiraṇmaya, Kuru, Bhadrāśva and Ketumāla. Nābhi wedded Merudevī, and to them were born 100 sons. The eldest son was Bharata, after whom this country (India) is named, i.e., Bhārata. Bhārata had 9 younger brothers, namely Kuśāvarta, Ilāvarta, Brahmāvarta, Malaya, Ketu, Bhadrasena, Indraspṛk, Vidarbha and Kīkaṭa.*

2) These brothers had nine younger brothers who were all highly evolved yogīs. They were Kavi, Hari, Antarīkṣa, Prabuddha, Pippalāyana, Āvirhotra, Dramiḍa, Camasa and Karabhājana. (Bhāgavata, Pañcama Skandha, Chapters 1-4).

2) *) Rāmānuja’s Bhāgavata (Malayalam) mentions one Āryāvarta also as Bharata’s younger brother. But the name does not occur in the original. (See Bhāgavata, Chapter 4, Verse 10.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Antarikṣa (अन्तरिक्ष).—A son of Ṛṣabha and Jayanti. Brother of Bharata. A bhāgavata and sage;1 expounded to Nimi the nature of māyā and mentions how the pure jñāna shines as threefold by the work of illusion.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 4. 11; XI. 2. 21.
  • 2) Ib. XI. 3. 2[1-4]-16.

1b) A son of Mura (s.v.) who went to the field to attack Kṛṣṇa who caused the death of his father.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 59. 12.

1c) The son of Puṣkara and father of Sutapas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 12. 12.

1d) The 13th Veda Vyāsa:1 Heard the Purāṇa from Triviṣṭa, and narrated it to Trayyāruṇi2 (Carṣi, Vāyu-purāṇa.)

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 120. Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 3. 14.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 4. 62; Vāyu-purāṇa 103. 61.

1e) An Ādya god; a devagaṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 69; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 59.

1f) The son of Kinnarāśva (Kinnara-vā. p.); and father of Suparṇa (Suṣeṇa, Matsya-purāṇa).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 271. 9; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 285; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 22. 5.

1g) The Bhuvarloka or the region between earth and heaven.1 One account is that Yayāti made this his abode when he was sent away from heaven;2 to be propitiated as a deity in palace building.3

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 107; 24. 18; 30. 98; 47. 29; 64. 10; 101. 19; 110. 49.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 35. 4; 38. 20; 39. 11; 41. 8 & 10.
  • 3) Ib. 268. 12.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Antarikṣa (अन्तरिक्ष) refers to classification of a temple/buidling (prāsāda), according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 60. The temple is mentioned in a list of thirty-six Prāsādas having activities of the townsmen entailing Sādhārās. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous (A) next»] — Antariksha in Shaktism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Antarikṣa (अन्तरिक्ष) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped in the eastern quarter and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (eg., Antarikṣa).

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (A) next»] — Antariksha in Ayurveda glossary
Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Āntarikṣa (आन्तरिक्ष) or Āntarikṣakṣetra refers to “heavenly land” and represents one of the five classifications of “land” (kṣetra), as defined in the first chapter (ānūpādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “the place studded with multiple coloured, circular stretches and clean white and high rising mountains, is known as āntarikṣa-kṣetra. Lord Śiva said that even for the Gods such a land is pious, hence named Āntarikṣa i.e. a place between Heaven and Earth or with ākāśa properties.”.

Substances (dravya) pertaining to Āntarikṣa-kṣetra are known as Nābhasadravya—While the Bābhasa-dravyas are devoid of any rasas. These pertain to Ākāśa-Mahābhūta.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (A) next»] — Antariksha in Hinduism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Antariksha is a sanskrit word meaning: “outer space”, “the middle space”, “the sky”, “atmosphere”, “celestial/comets”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āraṇyaka

Antarikṣa (अन्तरिक्ष, “space”) refers to one of the lokapañcaka (fivefold worlds), defined in the Taittirīya-āraṇyaka 7.7.1. The lokapañcaka, and other such fivefold divisions, are associated with the elemental aspect (adhibhūta) of the three-fold division of reality (adhibhūta, adhidaiva and adhyātma) which attempts to explain the phenomenal nature of the universe. Adhibhūta denotes all that belongs to the material or elemental creation.

The Taittirīya-āraṇyaka is associated with the Kṛṣṇa-yajurveda and dates from at least the 6th century BCE. It is composed of 10 chapters and discusses vedic rituals and sacrifices (such as the mahāyajña) but also includes the Taittirīya-upaniṣad and the Mahānārāyaṇa-upaniṣad.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Antarikṣa.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘cypher’. Note: antarikṣa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Antariksha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

antarikṣa (अंतरिक्ष) [or अंतरीक्ष, antarīkṣa].—n (S) The sky or heavens; midspace.

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antarikṣa (अंतरिक्ष).—ad (S) In the air or sky; up aloft.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

antarikṣa (अंतरिक्ष).—n The sky. ad In the air.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Antariksha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Antarikṣa (अन्तरिक्ष) or Antarīkṣa (अन्तरीक्ष).—[antaḥ svargapṛthivyormadhye īkṣyate, īkṣ karmaṇi ghañ, antaḥ ṛkṣāṇi asya vā pṛṣo°pakṣe hrasvaḥ ṛkārasya rirtva vā Tv., according to Nir. antarā dyāvāpṛthivyoḥ kṣāntaṃ avasthitaṃ bhavati, or antarā ime dyāvāpṛthivyau kṣayati nivasati; or śarīreṣvantaḥ akṣayaṃ na pṛthivyādivat kṣīyate]

1) 1 The intermediate region between heaven and earth; the air, atmosphere, sky (antarā dyāvāpṛthivyormadhye īkṣyamāṇaṃ vyoma Śay.) दिवं च पृथिवीं चान्तरिक्षमथो स्वः (divaṃ ca pṛthivīṃ cāntarikṣamatho svaḥ) Sandhyā Mantra; योऽन्तरेणाकाश आसीत्तदन्त- रिक्षमभवदीक्षं हैतन्नाम ततः पुरान्तरा वा इदमीक्षमभूदिति तस्मादन्तरिक्षं (yo'ntareṇākāśa āsīttadanta- rikṣamabhavadīkṣaṃ haitannāma tataḥ purāntarā vā idamīkṣamabhūditi tasmādantarikṣaṃ) Śat. Br. दिव्यन्तरिक्षे भूमौ च घोरमुत्पातजं भयम् (divyantarikṣe bhūmau ca ghoramutpātajaṃ bhayam) Rām.2.1. 43

2) The middle of the three spheres or regions of life.

3) Talc. (Mar. abhraka)

4) A synonym of a pentroof. Māna.18.174-75.

Derivable forms: antarikṣam (अन्तरिक्षम्), antarīkṣam (अन्तरीक्षम्).

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Āntarikṣa (आन्तरिक्ष) or Āntarīkṣa (आन्तरीक्ष).—a. (-kṣī f.) [अन्तरिक्षे भवः अण् (antarikṣe bhavaḥ aṇ)]

1) Atmospherical, heavenly, celestial; आन्तरीक्षाः पुनरमी सर्वतः सदृशा इव (āntarīkṣāḥ punaramī sarvataḥ sadṛśā iva) Mv.7.22.

2) Produced in the atmosphere.

-kṣam The firmament, the intermediate region between the earth and sky.

2) Rain-water.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Antarikṣa (अन्तरिक्ष).—adj. (= Sanskrit ānt°), of the atmosphere, atmospheric, of a class of gods, see deva; also antarīkṣa, and under antarīkṣecara, q.v.: Lalitavistara 367.7 (devās); Avadāna-śataka i.109.7 (devāsura…mahoragāḥ; Speyer em. ānt°).

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Antarīkṣa (अन्तरीक्ष).—adj. (= antarikṣa; Sanskrit ānt°), of the atmosphere, a class of gods, see deva: Lalitavistara 266.1, 4; 396.14; 401.1. As noun, antarīkṣa also occurs in Sanskrit, but much more commonly in [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] (= antarikṣa): e.g. Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 23.14; 69.10; Lalitavistara 75.7; 218.18; Mahāvastu i.31.4; 33.5; 179.10; Divyāvadāna 324.28; 340.5; Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 84.9; Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 45.20; Gaṇḍavyūha 117.15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antarikṣa (अन्तरिक्ष).—n.

(-kṣaṃ) The sky or atmosphere. E. antar within, and ṛkṣa a star; in which are the stars: or īkṣa to see; seen by the world; the word is properly written with the long vowel, as antarīkṣa, but the short is substituted in poetry.

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Antarīkṣa (अन्तरीक्ष).—n.

(-kṣaṃ) 1. Sky, heaven. 2. Talc. E. See antarikṣa.

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Āntarīkṣa (आन्तरीक्ष).—mfn.

(-kṣaḥ-kṣī-kṣaṃ) Heavenly, celestial, produced in the sky. n.

(-kṣaṃ) The firmament. E. antarīkṣa the same, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antarikṣa (अन्तरिक्ष).— and antarīkṣa antarīkṣa, i. e. antar-īkṣ + a, n. The sky, Chr. 41, 21; 30, 8.

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Āntarikṣa (आन्तरिक्ष).— and āntarīkṣa āntarīkṣa, i. e. antarīkṣa + a, adj. Proceeding from the air or sky; airy, Mahābhārata 2, 1636; [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 25, 20.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Antarikṣa (अन्तरिक्ष):—n. the intermediate space between heaven and earth

2) (in the Veda) the middle of the three spheres or regions of life

3) the atmosphere or sky

4) the air

5) talc.

6) Antarīkṣa (अन्तरीक्ष):—[from antarikṣa] n. = antarikṣa.

7) Āntarikṣa (आन्तरिक्ष):—or āntarīkṣa mf(ī)n. ([from] antarikṣa), belonging to the intermediate space between heaven and earth, atmospherical, proceeding from or produced in the atmosphere, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Suśruta]

8) n. rain-water.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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