Vyuha, aka: Vyūha; 16 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vyuha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Vyūha (व्यूह) refers to the second of the five-fold manifestation of the Supreme Consciousness the Pāñcarātrins believe in.—Vyūha is acoherent group of four principles named after the family members of Kṛṣṇa; namely Vāsudeva, Saṃkarṣaṇa, Pradyumna and Aniruddha. These are associated with individual consciousness, intellect, mind (manas) and ahaṃkāra respectively.

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 1

Vyūha (व्यूह).—The primary emanations (proceeding from the six qualities, or ṣaḍguṇa) are known as vyūha which means the “splitting” of the six qualities into three pairs. This does not mean that each emanation has only two qualities; each emanation is Viṣṇu himself together with all the six qualities, of which only two become outwardly manifest and the other four remain dormant.

The four vyūhas are:

  1. Vāsudeva,
  2. Saṅkarṣaṇa,
  3. Pradyumna
  4. and Aniruddha
Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama
Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Vyūha (व्यूह):—In connection with warfare concept of vyūha is indispensible. The Manusaṃhitā has some idea on the same. The king must draw up in the array (vyūha) with his forces during marching. For the protection of own army and defeat the enemy, arrays are important.

There are seven types of arrays arranged by the troops. These are–

  1. Daṇḍavyūha,
  2. Śakaṭavyūha,
  3. Varāhavyūha,
  4. Makaravyūha,
  5. Sūcivyūha,
  6. Garuḍavyūha
  7. and Padmavyūha.

Kullūka’s commentary has detailed on these.

Source: Shodhganga: Facts of society in the Manusamhita
Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Vyūha (व्यूह).—(l) resolution or determination: cf. अकृतव्यूहाः पाणिनीयाः । न कृतो विाशीष्ट ऊहो निश्चयः (akṛtavyūhāḥ pāṇinīyāḥ | na kṛto viाśīṣṭa ūho niścayaḥ)शास्त्रप्रवृत्तिविषये यैः इत्यर्थः (śāstrapravṛttiviṣaye yaiḥ ityarthaḥ) Par. Sek. Pari. 56; (2) separation of the phonetic elements in a word, done especially for the recital of the Vedic texts according to metre:cf. व्यूहैः संपत्समीक्ष्योने क्षेप्रवणैकंभाविनाम् । व्यूहैः पृथक्करणेन (vyūhaiḥ saṃpatsamīkṣyone kṣepravaṇaikaṃbhāvinām | vyūhaiḥ pṛthakkaraṇena) Uvvata on R. Pr. VIII.22.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Vyūha (व्यूह).—(Disposition of an army). Disposition of an army of four parts, (infantry, cavalry, elephants and chariots) in the battlefield, the arrangement of it, in various forms. It is said that during the period of Mahābhārata, there were various forms of disposition of the army. Some of them are given below:

i) Ardhacandravyūha. (like a Crescent moon) (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 56)

ii) Garuḍavyūha. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 56).

iii) Krauñcavyūha. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 60).

iv) Cakravyūha. (wheel-shaped) (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 34).

v) Makaravyūha. (shark-like) (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 69).

vi) Maṇḍalavyūha. (circular) (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 81).

vii) Maṇḍalārdhavyūha. (Semi circular) (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 20).

viii) Vajravyūha. (Diamond-shaped) (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 81).

ix) Śakaṭavyūha. (cart-shaped) (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 7).

x) Śyenavyūha. (Vulture-like) (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 69).

xi) Sarvatobhadravyūha. (fortified all-round) (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 99).

xii) Suparṇavyūha. (kite-shaped) (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 20).

xiii) Sūcīmukhavyūha. (Like the needle-eye) (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 77).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Vyūha (व्यूह, “formation”) refers to a classification of Hindu images, as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Images are classified into five forms, namely parama, vyūha, vibhāva, antaryāmi and arcā. Vyūha stands for formation or line of arrangement. It denotes the state in which the supreme power gathers its qualities together. This is the state where the creation of the universe begins. In short, parama, vyūha and vibhāva stand for the subtle states in which the paramātman exists everywhere and eternally.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Vyuha (व्‍युह): Battle arrays.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

India history and geogprahy

Vyūha refers to a system of worship in the Pāñcarātra philosophy.—Vāsudeva, Balabhadra-Saṅkarṣaṇa, Pradyumna and Aniruddha came to be worshipped as the four Vyūhas by the followers of the Bhāgavata or Pāñcarātra form of early Vaishnavism, although Balabhadra-Saṅkarṣaṇa and Vāsudeva were the more respected among the four. There is enough evidence regarding the independent worship of Balabhadra in the period before the rise of the Imperial Guptas in the fourth century A.D.

The inscriptions of the Gupta age do not refer to his independent worship although the Vyūha doctrine finds a prominent place in the Pāñcarātra Saṃhitās, some of which were composed between the fourth and eighth centuries. The Amarakosha, composed during this period, speaks of all the four Vyūhas.

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Vyūha.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘four’. Note: vyūha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Vyuha in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vyūha : (m.) an array; grouping of troops.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vyūha, (fr. vi+vah; see byūha) 1. heap, mass; massing or array, grouping of troops S. V, 369 (sambādha° a dense crowd, or massed with troops (?); in phrase iddha phīta etc. as given under bāhujañña); J. II, 406 (battle array: paduma°, cakka°, sakaṭa°).—2. a side street (?), in sandhibbūha J. VI, 276. See also byūha. (Page 655)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

vyūha (व्यूह).—m S Military array; an arrangement of troops in any form or figure; as daṇḍavyūha Array in line; bhōgavyūha Array in column; maṇḍalavyūha Array in circle; asaṃhatavyūha Array in mixed order; śakaṭavyūha, makaravyūha, patākāvyūha &c. 2 fig. A stratagem; a scheme to entrap or beguile.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vyūha (व्यूह).—m A military array. Fig. A stratagem.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyūha (व्यूह).—

1) A military array; दण्डव्यूहेन तन्मार्गं यायात्तु शकटेन वा । वराहमकराभ्यां वा सूच्या वा गरुडेन वा (daṇḍavyūhena tanmārgaṃ yāyāttu śakaṭena vā | varāhamakarābhyāṃ vā sūcyā vā garuḍena vā) || Ms.7. 187; cf. दण्डव्यूहः, शकट°, वराह°, सर्वतोभद्रा° (daṇḍavyūhaḥ, śakaṭa°, varāha°, sarvatobhadrā°) etc. mentioned in Dhanur.

2) An army, a host, squadron; व्यूहावुभौ तावितरेतरस्मात् भङ्गं जयं चापतुरव्यकस्थम् (vyūhāvubhau tāvitaretarasmāt bhaṅgaṃ jayaṃ cāpaturavyakastham) R.7.54.

3) A large quantity, an assemblage, a multitude, collection; विमिश्रा विहगाः पुंभिरात्मव्यूहाभिनन्दिताः (vimiśrā vihagāḥ puṃbhirātmavyūhābhinanditāḥ) Rām.4.1.27; गुणव्यूहः (guṇavyūhaḥ) Bhāg.4.29.71.

4) A part, portion, subhead.

5) The body.

6) Structure, formation.

7) Reasoning, logic.

8) Separation, distribution.

9) (In phil.) A peculiar arrangement of the senses.

Derivable forms: vyūhaḥ (व्यूहः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyūhā (व्यूहा) or Viyūhā.—q.v.

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Vyūha (व्यूह).—also spelled viyūha chiefly in verses, and compare vyūhā; m., (1) (as in Sanskrit and Pali, mass, heap) mass, large amount: yā kāci rati-viyūhā divyā LV 36.16 (verse) = Tibetan lha yi dgaḥ ba rnam maṅ ji sñed pa, what large quan- tities of divine pleasures; (2) in Mahāyāna works (not in Pali), arrangement, but with regular overtones of mar- velous, supernatural, magical arrangement, esp. of Buddha- fields; Tibetan bkod pa; Jä. orderly arrangement, but it is more than that; the related ḥgod pa is also rendered decorate, adorn, and vyūha implies magnificerice, splendor, as well as supernatural qualities; it seems very close to Sanskrit vibhūti as used e.g. in Bh.G. chapter 10 (see note 3 on verse 7 of my transl.), and supernal manifestation, which I chose for vibhūti, would do for BHS vyūha; note LV 317.19 (prose) tāṃś ca vyūhān vibhūtiṃ dṛṣṭvā bodhi- sattvasya, Māraḥ…, seeing the B.'s supernal manifesta- tions and marvelous power (splendor), Māra… The word is used in such titles as Sukhāvatī-vyūha, Gaṇḍa-vyūha, with this meaning, and is a special favorite in SP and LV; the translations of Burnouf, Kern, and Foucaux fumble it for the most part; hence the above attempt to make it clear; it seems to me essentially simple, tho no one English word is appropriate: (nāsmābhir eṣu…buddha-) kṣetra- vyūheṣu vā bodhisattvavikrīḍiteṣu vā…spṛhotpāditā SP 101.2, we conceived no desire for…these supernal mani- festations (or arrangements) of the Buddha-fields…; kṣetreṣu buddhāna śruṇitva vyūhān 117.2 (verse); Raśmiprabhāsasya viyūha bheṣyati 146.12 (verse), the supernal manifestation of (the future Buddha) R. shall exist (in his Buddha-field, just described; viyūha n. sg., not loc. with Burnouf and Kern); sarveṣa etādṛśakāś ca vyūhā…tatha buddha- kṣetraṃ 209.1 (verse), all (the Buddhas just mentioned) shall have just such supernal manifestations, and also (a) Buddha- field(s); (Ānanda, for whom Buddhahood has just been predicted) ātmanaś ca buddhakṣetraguṇa-vyūhāñ śrutvā 219.4, hearing the supernal manifestations of excellent qualities in his own (future) Buddha-field; sarvākāraguṇo- petā (v.l. °to) buddhakṣetraguṇa-vyūhā (v.l. °ho) bhavi- ṣyanti (no v.l. recorded) 220.5; samāś caiṣāṃ buddha- kṣetraguṇavyūhā bhaviṣyanti 221.10; (tathāgatādhiṣṭhā- nena tathāgata-) balādhānena tathāgatavikrīḍitena tathā- gatavyūhena (by the T.'s supernal manifestation) tathā- gatābhyudgatajñānena 426.7 (all the parallel words mean substantially by the T.'s supernatural power); bodhimaṇḍa- paripālakair devaputrais tādṛśā vyūhā bodhimaṇḍa abhi- nirmitā (q.v.) abhūvan LV 278.5; tāṃś ca vyūhān dṛṣṭvā 7; ye ca kecin mahāvyūhāḥ (sc. buddha-) kṣetrakoṭīṣv anantakāḥ 280.17 (verse); Chap. 20 of LV is entitled Bodhi- maṇḍa-vyūha-parivartaḥ; in it the word is frequent, e.g. ratnachattra-vyūhaḥ 291.11, manifestation of a jewelled umbrella; prabhā-v° 292.1, referring to the ekaratnajāla of 291.22, which probably means single-jewel-magic, a magical manifestation of a brilliant jewel (or jewels); buddha- kṣetraguṇa-vyūhās (as above) 292.12, displayed at the bodhimaṇḍa; tebhyaḥ sarva-vyūhebhya iyaṃ gāthā niśca- rati sma 292.14; sarvaguṇa-vyūhaṃ kūṭāgāraṃ 293.1; kasyāyam evaṃrūpaḥ kūṭāgāra-vyūhaḥ 293.3; etc.; at beginning of next chapter, referring back to chapter 20, ima evaṃrūpā vyūhā…bodhimaṇḍe 'bhisaṃskṛtā abhūvan 299.15; dṛṣṭā sa viyūha śobhanā (ed. so°) bodhi- maṇḍasmi marūbhi (so m.c. for text maru°) yā kṛtā 364.20 (verse); (tataś ca) prabhāvyūhād imā gāthā niścaranti sma 411.19, and from this manifestation of splendor (of the Buddha)…; yā bodhimaṇḍi prakṛtā ca surair viyūhā, yā vā viyūha kṛta sarva(-?)jinātmajebhiḥ, sā sarva saṃ- sthita viyūha ti dharmacakre 416.5—7 (at the dharmacakra- [Page520-b+ 71] pravartana; sā suggests that viyūha may be f., see vyūhā); buddhakṣetra-vyūha- Mvy 859; ahaṃ (sc. buddha-) kṣetra- vyūhān niṣpādayiṣyāmi Vaj 38.6, and ff.; many others could be added; other cases of viyūha, § 3.104.

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Vyūhā (व्यूहा) or Viyūhā.—(2): mahatyā rājavyūhayā Suv 79.13 (prose); about half the mss. mahatā °vyūhena; (mahatā rājānubhāvena mahatā rāja-ṛddhīye) mahatā (so 1 ms., v.l. °tāye, Senart em. °tīye) viyūhāye (no v.l.) mahatīye vibhūṣāye Mv ii.113.13 (prose); in similar list, mahatā viyūhāye (no v.l.) ii.156.17. I have elected to take as pl. m. the forms in LV 36.16 (verse), see under vyūha (1); the citation there is completed by manasā vicintitā śrīmān, without significant v.l.; Calc. śrīman, as if voc. sg., but if voc. it should be pl. (the Bodhisattva, still in heaven, addresses the Tuṣita gods); if acc. pl., it would imply that the preceding forms ending in -ā are also acc. pl., coordinate with phalam idaṃ (śṛṇu-r-asya…) of next line; all of which would be quite possible in BHS.

Vyūhā can also be spelled as Vyūha (व्यूह).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vyūha (व्यूह).—m.

(-haḥ) 1. Military array, the arrangement of troops in various positions; as daṇḍavyūhaḥ the array in line, bhogavyūhaḥ in column, maṇḍalavyūhaḥ in circle, asaṃhatavyūhaḥ in mixed order; also various fanciful forms, as the śakaṭaḥ or car-shape, makaraḥ or marine monster-like, patākā flag-shape, &c. 2. A flock, a multitude. 3. Logic, reasoning. 4. Making, manufacture. 5. The body. 6. Formation, structure. 7. A squadron. E. vi before ūh to reason, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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