Adana, Ādāna, Ādana, Adāna: 15 definitions

Introduction

Adana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Ādāna (आदान) refers to the “collection of revenue/taxes and other dues”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 7.154)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Ādāna (आदान, “taking an arrow”) refers to one of the four acts related to the bow (dhanus). It is also known as grahaṇa. It is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 11. Accordingly, “taking (grahaṇa) is the pulling out of the arrow”.

2) Ādāna (आदान, “sumning up”) refers to ‘capture’ of the germ of the plot within the actions of the plot. Ādāna represents one of the thirteen vimarśasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. Vimarśasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the pause part (vimarśa)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Ādāna (आदान).—One of the thirteen elements of the ‘pause segment’ (vimarśasandhi);—(Description:) Bringing together (lit. attaining) all aspects of the Seed (bīja) and the Action, is called Summing up (ādāna).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Adana (अदन) is the name of a Vākchomā (‘verbal secrect sign’) which has its meaning defined as ‘danta’ according to chapter 8 of the 9th-century Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja, a scripture belonging to the Buddhist Cakrasaṃvara (or Saṃvara) scriptural cycle. These Vākchomās (viz., adana) are meant for verbal communication and can be regarded as popular signs, since they can be found in the three biggest works of the Cakrasaṃvara literature.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ādāna.—(IE 8-5; EI 12; CII 4), a levy or impost; same as ādāya. Note: ādāna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

adana : (nt.; m.) boiled rice. (nt.), eating. || ādāna (nt.), taking up; grasping.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Adana, (nt.) (from adeti) eating, food J.V, 374 (v.l. modana). (Page 25)

2) Adāna—withholding a gift, neglect of liberality, stinginess Pv.II, 945; Miln.279; PvA.25; cp. °sīla under cpds.: atidāna excessive almsgiving Pv.II, 945 (cp. PvA.129); Miln.277.

3) Ādāna, (nt.) (ād + āna, or directly from ā + , base 1 of dadāti) taking up, getting, grasping, seizing; fig. appropriating, clinging to the world, seizing on (worldly objects). (1) (lit.) taking (food), pasturing M.III, 133; J.V, 371 (& °esana). — (2) getting, acquiring, taking, seizing S.II, 94; A.IV, 400 (daṇḍ°); PvA.27 (phal°); esp. frequent in adinn° seizing what is not given, i. e. theft: see under adinna. — (3) (fig.) attachment, clinging A.V, 233, 253 (°paṭinissagga); Dh.89 (id.; cp. DhA.II, 163); Sn.1103 (°taṇhā), 1104 (°satta); Nd1 98 (°gantha); Nd2 123, 124. —an° free from attachment S.I, 236 (sādānesu anādāno “not laying hold mong them that grip” trsl.); A.II, 10; It.109; J.IV, 354; Miln.342; DhA.IV, 70 (= khandhādisu niggahaṇo). Cp. upa°, pari°. (Page 98)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aḍaṇa (अडण).—n The dugs of a cow &c., udder. 2 f The slip of bamboo running along and strengthening the fore part of a Sup or sifting fan.

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aḍaṇa (अडण).—a Head-strong, unruly, self-willed.

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aḍaṇā (अडणा).—m aḍaṇēṃ n A door-bar.

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aḍanā (अडना).—m (Usually aḍaṇā) A door-bar.

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aḍāṇa (अडाण).—n The people of a village not employed in cultivation; as contrad. from śētakarī A field-man. 2 Udder.

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aḍāṇā (अडाणा).—m A rāga or musical mode. See rāga. 2 (āḍa) Framework to confine a vitious cow whilst milking her. 3 The beam to which the bullocks (of a sugar-mill &c.) are yoked. 4 A door-bar passing full across.

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ādāna (आदान).—n An ill betokening conjunction or aspect. 2 (ādhaṇa) Applied to a desperate sickness, an alarming danger, any awful accident or perilous circumstances from which, contrarily to expectation, the subject recovers or escapes. v yē, jā, cuka, ṭaḷa, vāra, nivāra.

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ādāna (आदान).—n S Taking from; seizing, accepting, receiving.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aḍaṇa (अडण).—n Udder. a Headstrong, self-willed.

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aḍaṇa (अडण).—m-ṇēṃ n A door bar.

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aḍāṇa (अडाण).—n People not employed in culti- vation. Udder.

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ādāna (आदान).—n Taking from; seizing, accept- ing. An alarming danger from which the subject almost luckily escapes.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ādana (आदन).—Food. Rv.6.54.3.

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Adāna (अदान).—a. [na. ba.]

1) Not giving, miserly.

2) Without rut (or not charitable); सदादानः परिक्षीणः शस्त एव करीश्वरः । अदानः पीनगात्रोऽपि निन्द्य एव हि गर्दभः (sadādānaḥ parikṣīṇaḥ śasta eva karīśvaraḥ | adānaḥ pīnagātro'pi nindya eva hi gardabhaḥ) || Pt.2.7.

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Ādāna (आदान).—

1) Taking, receiving, accepting, seizing, कुशाङ्कुरादानपरिक्षताङ्गुलिः (kuśāṅkurādānaparikṣatāṅguliḥ) Ku.5,11; आदानं हि विसर्गाय सतां वारिमुचामिव (ādānaṃ hi visargāya satāṃ vārimucāmiva) R.4.86.

2) Earning, getting.

3) A symptom (of a disease).

4) Binding, fettering (from ādā 2 P.).

5) A horse's trappings.

6) An action; आदानमुभयाश्रयम् (ādānamubhayāśrayam) Bhāg.2.1.24.

7) Subjugating, overpowering; अथवा मन्त्रवद् ब्रूयुरात्मादानाय दुष्कृतम् (athavā mantravad brūyurātmādānāya duṣkṛtam) Mb.12.212. 3.

-nī Name of a plant हस्तिघोषा (hastighoṣā) (Mar. ghosāḷeṃ).

Derivable forms: ādānam (आदानम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Adana (अदन).—name of a nāga king: Mahā-Māyūrī 246.25.

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Ādāna (आदान).—(= Pali id.; from Sanskrit ā-dā, suffix -ana), grasping, clinging (to existence or to worldly things): Mahāvyutpatti 2018 ādāna-vijñānam (follows ālaya-vij°, q.v.): an-ād°, neg. [bahuvrīhi], Udānavarga iii.18 (= Pali Sn 741) vītatṛṣṇo hy anādānaḥ…parivrajet.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adana (अदन).—n. (naṃ) 1. Food. 2. Eating. E. ada to eat, and lyuṭa aff.

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Adāna (अदान).—n.

(-naṃ) Not giving, witholding, E. a neg. dāna gift.

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Ādāna (आदान).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Taken, receipt, acceptance. 2. A horse’s trappings. 3. A symptom. f. (-nī) A plant: see hastighoṣā. E. āṅ reversing the sense, and to give, lyuṭ affix, fem. ṅīp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adana (अदन).—[neuter] eating, food.

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Adāna (अदान).—1. [adjective] being eaten.

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Adāna (अदान).—2. [neuter] not-giving, withholding.

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Adāna (अदान).—3. [adjective] giftless and juiceless (of an elephant).

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Ādāna (आदान).—[neuter] taking, seizing, acceptance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adana (अदन):—[from ad] a n. act of eating

2) [v.s. ...] food, [Ṛg-veda vi, 59, 3.]

3) b adanīya See √ad.

4) Adāna (अदान):—[=a-dāna] n. (√1. ), not giving, act of withholding, [Atharva-veda etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] mfn. not giving.

6) Ādāna (आदान):—[=ā-dāna] [from ā-dā] 1. ā-dāna n. taking, seizing

7) [v.s. ...] receipt, [Hitopadeśa iv, 94, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] receiving, taking for one’s self, drawing near to one’s self, [Raghuvaṃśa iv, 86]

9) [v.s. ...] taking away or off

10) [v.s. ...] a cause of disease, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] (for 2. ā-dāna See below.)

12) [v.s. ...] (also) resumption of the object of action (one of the 13 members of the Vimarśa, q.v.), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

13) [=ā-dāna] [from ā-dā] 2. ā-dāna n. binding on or to, fettering, [Atharva-veda]

14) [v.s. ...] horse-trappings, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] (for 3. ā-dāna See below under ā-√do.)

16) [=ā-dāna] [from ā-do] 3. ā-dāna n. reducing to small pieces, crushing, [Jaimini]

17) [v.s. ...] a part

18) [v.s. ...] (for 1. and 2. ādāna See ā- √1. and ā- √4. .)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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