Adana, Ādāna, Ādana, Adāna: 28 definitions


Adana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Adna.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Ādāna (आदान) refers to the “collection of revenue/taxes and other dues”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 7.154)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Ādāna (आदान, “taking an arrow”) refers to one of the four acts related to the bow (dhanus). It is also known as grahaṇa. It is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 11. Accordingly, “taking (grahaṇa) is the pulling out of the arrow”.

2) Ādāna (आदान, “sumning up”) refers to ‘capture’ of the germ of the plot within the actions of the plot. Ādāna represents one of the thirteen vimarśasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. Vimarśasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the pause part (vimarśa)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

Source: Natya Shastra

Ādāna (आदान).—One of the thirteen elements of the ‘pause segment’ (vimarśasandhi);—(Description:) Bringing together (lit. attaining) all aspects of the Seed (bīja) and the Action, is called Summing up (ādāna).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Ādāna (आदान) refers to “absorption”, mentioned in verse 3.42 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “the (gastric) fire of those whose body has been emaciated by (the period of) absorption [viz., ādāna], though (being already) weak, is (further) weakened during the rains by the humours. These get irritated when the sky is covered with clouds banging down because of their water, (and that)”.

Note: As for details, ādāna (“absorption”) has again been paraphrased by mthu ’phrogs-pa (“absorption of strength”) (cf. 3.2, 4, 17); but this time the reading ’phrogs-pa occurs in all the block-prints. For the instrumental CD have substituted a temporal accusative.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Ādāna (आदान):—Period of time when moisture, unctuousness and strength of the body gets depleted and absorbed by environment by virtue of climate; includes 6 months of winter, spring and summer seasons.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Ādāna (आदान) or Ādānahasta refers to one of the various hand-poses (hastas or mudrās) defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—Pallavamudrā resemble Ādāna-hasta in which the palm and finger are slightly bent and the palm faces upward. If the finger are let loose, it appears to be Alapallavamudrā. In the icon of Olayakunnam and of Palani, this [Pallavamudrā] hand is used to hold the lotus.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Adāna (अदान) refers to “taking up” (as opposed to Hāna—‘abandoning’), according to the Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya verse 7.233cd-236.— Accordingly, “One is established in the sequence of the worship of Kālī that consists of the forceful attainment of the foundation of consciousness, when grasping and rejecting, brought about by the distinction between taking up (adāna) and abandoning, has ceased. (Such a one) who knows reality lights up the Sun of Consciousness (even as) he looks (at it). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Adana (अदन) is the name of a Vākchomā (‘verbal secrect sign’) which has its meaning defined as ‘danta’ according to chapter 8 of the 9th-century Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja, a scripture belonging to the Buddhist Cakrasaṃvara (or Saṃvara) scriptural cycle. These Vākchomās (viz., adana) are meant for verbal communication and can be regarded as popular signs, since they can be found in the three biggest works of the Cakrasaṃvara literature.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Ādāna (आदान) refers to the “acquisition” (of karmic material) (of an ascetic), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “That, which is the cessation of the acquisition of karmic material (karman-pudgala-ādāna) of an ascetic, is declared by those whose sins are removed by meditation to be the physical stopping of the influx of karma. That which is evidently cessation of action causing the cycle of rebirth is to be considered as the mental stopping of the influx of karma by those who know about that from the most excellent scripture”.

Synonyms: Grahaṇa.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ādāna.—(IE 8-5; EI 12; CII 4), a levy or impost; same as ādāya. Note: ādāna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

adana : (nt.; m.) boiled rice. (nt.), eating. || ādāna (nt.), taking up; grasping.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Adana, (nt.) (from adeti) eating, food J.V, 374 (v.l. modana). (Page 25)

2) Adāna—withholding a gift, neglect of liberality, stinginess Pv.II, 945; Miln.279; PvA.25; cp. °sīla under cpds.: atidāna excessive almsgiving Pv.II, 945 (cp. PvA.129); Miln.277.

3) Ādāna, (nt.) (ād + āna, or directly from ā + , base 1 of dadāti) taking up, getting, grasping, seizing; fig. appropriating, clinging to the world, seizing on (worldly objects). (1) (lit.) taking (food), pasturing M.III, 133; J.V, 371 (& °esana). — (2) getting, acquiring, taking, seizing S.II, 94; A.IV, 400 (daṇḍ°); PvA.27 (phal°); esp. frequent in adinn° seizing what is not given, i. e. theft: see under adinna. — (3) (fig.) attachment, clinging A.V, 233, 253 (°paṭinissagga); Dh.89 (id.; cp. DhA.II, 163); Sn.1103 (°taṇhā), 1104 (°satta); Nd1 98 (°gantha); Nd2 123, 124. —an° free from attachment S.I, 236 (sādānesu anādāno “not laying hold mong them that grip” trsl.); A.II, 10; It.109; J.IV, 354; Miln.342; DhA.IV, 70 (= khandhādisu niggahaṇo). Cp. upa°, pari°. (Page 98)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aḍaṇa (अडण).—n The dugs of a cow &c., udder. 2 f The slip of bamboo running along and strengthening the fore part of a Sup or sifting fan.

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aḍaṇa (अडण).—a Head-strong, unruly, self-willed.

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aḍaṇā (अडणा).—m aḍaṇēṃ n A door-bar.

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aḍanā (अडना).—m (Usually aḍaṇā) A door-bar.

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aḍāṇa (अडाण).—n The people of a village not employed in cultivation; as contrad. from śētakarī A field-man. 2 Udder.

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aḍāṇā (अडाणा).—m A rāga or musical mode. See rāga. 2 (āḍa) Framework to confine a vitious cow whilst milking her. 3 The beam to which the bullocks (of a sugar-mill &c.) are yoked. 4 A door-bar passing full across.

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ādāna (आदान).—n An ill betokening conjunction or aspect. 2 (ādhaṇa) Applied to a desperate sickness, an alarming danger, any awful accident or perilous circumstances from which, contrarily to expectation, the subject recovers or escapes. v yē, jā, cuka, ṭaḷa, vāra, nivāra.

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ādāna (आदान).—n S Taking from; seizing, accepting, receiving.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aḍaṇa (अडण).—n Udder. a Headstrong, self-willed.

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aḍaṇa (अडण).—m-ṇēṃ n A door bar.

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aḍāṇa (अडाण).—n People not employed in culti- vation. Udder.

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ādāna (आदान).—n Taking from; seizing, accept- ing. An alarming danger from which the subject almost luckily escapes.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ādana (आदन).—Food. Ṛgveda 6.54.3.

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Adāna (अदान).—a. [na. ba.]

1) Not giving, miserly.

2) Without rut (or not charitable); सदादानः परिक्षीणः शस्त एव करीश्वरः । अदानः पीनगात्रोऽपि निन्द्य एव हि गर्दभः (sadādānaḥ parikṣīṇaḥ śasta eva karīśvaraḥ | adānaḥ pīnagātro'pi nindya eva hi gardabhaḥ) || Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2.7.

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Ādāna (आदान).—

1) Taking, receiving, accepting, seizing, कुशाङ्कुरादानपरिक्षताङ्गुलिः (kuśāṅkurādānaparikṣatāṅguliḥ) Kumārasambhava 5,11; आदानं हि विसर्गाय सतां वारिमुचामिव (ādānaṃ hi visargāya satāṃ vārimucāmiva) R.4.86.

2) Earning, getting.

3) A symptom (of a disease).

4) Binding, fettering (from ādā 2 P.).

5) A horse's trappings.

6) An action; आदानमुभयाश्रयम् (ādānamubhayāśrayam) Bhāgavata 2.1.24.

7) Subjugating, overpowering; अथवा मन्त्रवद् ब्रूयुरात्मादानाय दुष्कृतम् (athavā mantravad brūyurātmādānāya duṣkṛtam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.212. 3.

-nī Name of a plant हस्तिघोषा (hastighoṣā) (Mar. ghosāḷeṃ).

Derivable forms: ādānam (आदानम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Adana (अदन).—name of a nāga king: Mahā-Māyūrī 246.25.

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Ādāna (आदान).—(= Pali id.; from Sanskrit ā-dā, suffix -ana), grasping, clinging (to existence or to worldly things): Mahāvyutpatti 2018 ādāna-vijñānam (follows ālaya-vij°, q.v.): an-ād°, neg. [bahuvrīhi], Udānavarga iii.18 (= Pali Sn 741) vītatṛṣṇo hy anādānaḥ…parivrajet.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adana (अदन).—n. (naṃ) 1. Food. 2. Eating. E. ada to eat, and lyuṭa aff.

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Adāna (अदान).—n.

(-naṃ) Not giving, witholding, E. a neg. dāna gift.

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Ādāna (आदान).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Taken, receipt, acceptance. 2. A horse’s trappings. 3. A symptom. f. (-nī) A plant: see hastighoṣā. E. āṅ reversing the sense, and to give, lyuṭ affix, fem. ṅīp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adana (अदन).—[ad + ana], n. Eating, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 64.

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Ādāna (आदान).—i. e. ā-dā + ana, n. 1. Seizing, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 209, 20. Seizure, [Kumārasaṃbhava, (ed. Stenzler.)] 5, 11; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 204. 2. Taking, receiving, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 15. Receipt, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 265.

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Adāna (अदान).—I. n. 1. non-payment, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 5. 2. illiberality, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 74. Ii. adj. illiberal; and, without the fluid which flows from the temples of an elephant in rut, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 73.

Adāna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and dāna (दान).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adana (अदन).—[neuter] eating, food.

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Adāna (अदान).—1. [adjective] being eaten.

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Adāna (अदान).—2. [neuter] not-giving, withholding.

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Adāna (अदान).—3. [adjective] giftless and juiceless (of an elephant).

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Ādāna (आदान).—[neuter] taking, seizing, acceptance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adana (अदन):—[from ad] a n. act of eating

2) [v.s. ...] food, [Ṛg-veda vi, 59, 3.]

3) b adanīya See √ad.

4) Adāna (अदान):—[=a-dāna] n. (√1. ), not giving, act of withholding, [Atharva-veda etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] mfn. not giving.

6) Ādāna (आदान):—[=ā-dāna] [from ā-dā] 1. ā-dāna n. taking, seizing

7) [v.s. ...] receipt, [Hitopadeśa iv, 94, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] receiving, taking for one’s self, drawing near to one’s self, [Raghuvaṃśa iv, 86]

9) [v.s. ...] taking away or off

10) [v.s. ...] a cause of disease, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] (for 2. ā-dāna See below.)

12) [v.s. ...] (also) resumption of the object of action (one of the 13 members of the Vimarśa, q.v.), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

13) [=ā-dāna] [from ā-dā] 2. ā-dāna n. binding on or to, fettering, [Atharva-veda]

14) [v.s. ...] horse-trappings, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] (for 3. ā-dāna See below under ā-√do.)

16) [=ā-dāna] [from ā-do] 3. ā-dāna n. reducing to small pieces, crushing, [Jaimini]

17) [v.s. ...] a part

18) [v.s. ...] (for 1. and 2. ādāna See ā- √1. and ā- √4. .)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adana (अदन):—n.

(-nam) 1) Eating.

2) Food. E. ad, kṛt aff. lyuṭ.

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Adāna (अदान):—[tatpurusha compound] n.

(-nam) Not giving, withholding. E. a neg. and dāna.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adana (अदन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Food; eating.

2) Ādāna (आदान):—[ā-dāna] (naṃ) 1. n. Taking; horse’s trappings; symptom. () Aplant.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Adana (अदन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Adaṇa, Ayaṇa, Āiyaṇa, Āiyaṇayā, Āyāṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Adana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Aḍanā (अडना):—(v) to stick (to a position) ; to insist; to halt; to be restive (as a horse).

2) Aḍānā (अडाना):—(v) to put an obstruction; to press forward, to provoke into the forefront.

3) Adanā (अदना) [Also spelled adna]:—(a) insignificant; low, inferior; trifling.

4) Ādāna (आदान) [Also spelled adan]:—(nm) receiving, taking; -[pradāna] giving and taking exchange.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Aḍaṇa (अडण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Aṭana.

2) Adaṇa (अदण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Adana.

3) Ādāṇa (आदाण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Ārdrahaṇa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Adana (ಅದನ):—

1) [noun] (chiefly in comp.) food.

2) [noun] act of eating.

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Adanā (ಅದನಾ):—

1) [adjective] of poor, shabby or inferior quality or status; mean.

2) [adjective] worthy of little regard; contemptible.

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Ādāna (ಆದಾನ):—

1) [noun] the act or fact of taking, receiving, accepting or seizing (of something); an instance of it.

2) [noun] amount, material or energy that is put in.

3) [noun] (Jain.) one of the fifty three purificatory rites.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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