Adara, Ādara, Adāra, Ādāra: 18 definitions


Adara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Adar.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Ādara (आदर) (or Ādarśa) refers to a country belonging to “Uttaratas or Uttaradeśa (northern division)” classified under the constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada represent the northern division consisting of [i.e., Ādara] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ādara (आदर) refers to “(great) respect”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.50 (“Description of fun and frolic”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Then the sixteen celestial ladies arrived there and saw the couple with great respect (mahā-ādara). They were Sarasvatī, Lakṣmī, Sāvitrī, Jāhnavī, Aditi, Śacī, Lopāmudrā, Arundhatī, Ahalyā, Tulasī, Svāhā, Rohiṇī, Vasundharā, Śatarūpā, Saṃjñā and Rati. There were several virgins of the gods, Nāgas, and the sages. They were charming and attractive. Who can enumerate them? [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ādara : (m.) esteem; regard; affection.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ādara, (Sk. ādara, prob. ā + dara, cp. semantically Ger. ehrfurcht awe) consideration of, esteem, regard, respect, reverence, honour J.V, 493; SnA 290; DA.I, 30; DhsA.61; VvA.36, 61, 101, 321; PvA.121, 123, 135, 278; Sdhp.2, 21, 207, 560. —anādara lack of reverence, disregard, disrespect; (adj.) disrespectful S.I, 96; Vin.IV, 218; Sn.247 (= ādara-virahita SnA 290; DA.I, 284; VvA.219; PvA.3, 5, 54, 67, 257. (Page 98)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ādara (आदर).—m (S) Respect, homage, reverence. 2 Honoring or accepting (of a bill).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ādara (आदर).—m Respect, homage; honouring.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adāra (अदार).—[na. ba.]

1) One who has no wife, a widower or bachelor.

2) [na. ta.] Not injuring or tearing.

Derivable forms: adāraḥ (अदारः).

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Ādara (आदर).—&c. See under. आदृ, आदृश् (ādṛ, ādṛś).

See also (synonyms): ādarśa.

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Ādara (आदर).—[ā-dṛ-kap]

1) Respect, reverence, honour; निर्माणमेव हि तदादरलालनीयम् (nirmāṇameva hi tadādaralālanīyam) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9.5; न जातहार्देन न विद्धि- षादरः (na jātahārdena na viddhi- ṣādaraḥ) Kirātārjunīya 1.33; Kumārasambhava 6.2.

2) Attention, care, notice, close application; आदरप्रयत्न (ādaraprayatna) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 7 careful efforts; तां प्रणामादरस्रस्तजाम्बूनदवतंसकाम् (tāṃ praṇāmādarasrastajāmbūnadavataṃsakām) Kumārasambhava 6.91.

3) (a) Eagerness, desire, regard; भूयान्दारार्थमादरः (bhūyāndārārthamādaraḥ) Kumārasambhava 6.13; आदरादुपसर्पित- तुरंङ्गः (ādarādupasarpita- turaṃṅgaḥ) K.119 eagerly; यत्किंचनकारितायामादरः (yatkiṃcanakāritāyāmādaraḥ) 12; अन्वेष्टु- मादरमकरवम् (anveṣṭu- mādaramakaravam) 152 made up my mind; Kirātārjunīya 8.26,41; 13.58. (b) Earnest desire, request; Ś.6.

4) Effort, endeavour; गृहयन्त्रपताकाश्रीरपौरादरनिर्मिता (gṛhayantrapatākāśrīrapaurādaranirmitā) Kumārasambhava 6.41.

5) Commencement, beginning.

6) Love, attachment.

7) Acceptance; तस्मादेषां व्यर्थहिंसानिवृत्त्यै स्यादुत्कृष्टः पिष्टपश्वा- दरोऽपि (tasmādeṣāṃ vyarthahiṃsānivṛttyai syādutkṛṣṭaḥ piṣṭapaśvā- daro'pi) Viś. Guṇā.182.

Derivable forms: ādaraḥ (आदरः).

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Ādāra (आदार).—Ved.

1) Allurement, attraction, an instigator (Sāy.).

2) Name of a plant used instead of Soma (when it is not available).

Derivable forms: ādāraḥ (आदारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ādara (आदर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Respect, reverence. 2. Commencement, beginning. E. āṅ, dṛ to have, ap aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ādara (आदर).—i. e. ā-dri + a, m. 1. Regard, [Kumārasaṃbhava, (ed. Stenzler.)] 6, 13. 2. Concern, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 262. 3. Care, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 180, 10. 4. Love, [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 7 (ādarāt, passionately). 5. Interest, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 190, 8. 6. Respect, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 16.

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Adāra (अदार).—adj. unmarried, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 18, 15.

Adāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and dāra (दार).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ādara (आदर).—[masculine] consideration of, respect to, care about ([locative] or —°); reverence, honour. Instr. & [ablative] respectfully, carefully, eagerly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aḍara (अडर):—m. a tree,lexicographers

2) Adara (अदर):—[=a-dara] mfn. not little, much.

3) Adāra (अदार):—[=a-dāra] m. having no wife.

4) Ādara (आदर):—[=ā-dara] a raṇa, etc. See ā-√dṛ.

5) [=ā-dara] [from ā-dṛ] b m. respect, regard, notice

6) [v.s. ...] care, trouble, [Pañcatantra; Hitopadeśa; Raghuvaṃśa; Kirātārjunīya etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] ādaraṃ- √1. kṛ, to exert or interest one’s self for

8) [v.s. ...] ādareṇa and ādarāt [adverb] respectfully

9) [v.s. ...] carefully, zealously.

10) Ādāra (आदार):—[=ā-dāra] [from ā-dṝ] m. (according to, [Sāyaṇa on Ṛg-veda i, 46, 5] = ā-dara [from] ā-√dṛ above), Name of a plant that can be substituted for the Soma.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adara (अदर):—[tatpurusha compound] m. f. n.

(-raḥ-rā-ram) Not little, much. E. a neg. and dara.

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Adāra (अदार):—[bahuvrihi compound] m.

(-raḥ) Having no wife, unmarried. E. a priv. and dāra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ādara (आदर):—[ā-dara] (raḥ) 1. m. Respect, reverence; commencement.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ādara (आदर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Āḍhā, Āyara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Adara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ādara (आदर) [Also spelled adar]:—(nm) respect, deference, esteem; ~[ṇīya] respectable, reverend; —[bhāva] respect, esteem.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aḍāra (ಅಡಾರ):—[noun] the plant Withania somnifera of Solanaceae family.

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Ādara (ಆದರ):—

1) [noun] a feeling of high regard, honour or esteem; respect; reverence; veneration.

2) [noun] inclination or attachment of the mind.

3) [noun] fond or tender feeling; warm liking; affection.

4) [noun] the act, practice or quality of being hospitable; solicitous entertainment of guests; hospitality.

5) [noun] a strong desire.

6) [noun] joy; happiness; pleasure.

7) [noun] the act of keeping one’s mind closely on something or the ability to do this; mental concentration and mental readiness for such concentration; attention.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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