Abhayadana, Abhayadāna, Abhaya-dana: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Abhayadana means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Abhayadana in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Abhayadāna (अभयदान) refers to the “gift of fearlessness” and represents one of the three types of dāna (liberality), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, in the sermon of Sūri Dharmaghoṣa:—“[...] in the gift of fearlessness (abhayadāna) there is the avoidance of injury to living things (jīvas) by thought, word, or deed, by doing, causing to be done, or by approving. Jīvas are known to be of two kinds: immovable (sthāvara) and movable (trasa). (see classification of the jīvas) In both of these there are two divisions, depending on whether they have faculties to develop (paryāpti) or not. There are six faculties to develop, which are the cause of development: eating food and digesting it, body, senses, breath, speech, and mind. Creatures that have one sense, two to four, or five senses, have respectively four, five, or six faculties”.

The gift of safety [viz., abhayadāna] is the avoidance of injuring them in three ways: destruction of life, causing physical pain, and mental pain. Whoever gives the gift of safety, gives all the objects of life. If one has life, the fourfold object of existence is gained. What is dearer than life to any creature? Certainly not a kingdom, nor universal sovereignty, nor even Indra-ship of high rank. Fear caused by loss of life is the same to a worm living in impurity on one hand, and to Hari living in heaven on the other hand. Therefore a pious man should by all means be always careful to give the gift of safety desired by the whole world. By making the gift of safety people become charming, long-lived, healthy, with beauty of form, and strong in other births.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhayadana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

abhayadāna (अभयदान).—n (S) Granting assurance of security or impunity.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

abhayadāna (अभयदान).—n Granting assurance of security or impunity.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhayadana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhayadāna (अभयदान).—giving a promise, assurance, or guarantee of safety or protection (from danger); सर्वप्रदानेष्वभयप्रदानम् (sarvapradāneṣvabhayapradānam) (pradhānam) Pt.1.29; सर्वतः प्रतिगृह्णीयान्मध्वथाभयदक्षिणाम् (sarvataḥ pratigṛhṇīyānmadhvathābhayadakṣiṇām) Ms.4.247.

Derivable forms: abhayadānam (अभयदानम्).

Abhayadāna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms abhaya and dāna (दान). See also (synonyms): abhayadakṣiṇā, abhayapradāna.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhayadāna (अभयदान).—n.

(-naṃ) Assurance of safety or protection. E. abhaya and dāna gift.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhayadāna (अभयदान):—[=a-bhaya-dāna] [from a-bhaya] n. giving assurance of safety.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhayadāna (अभयदान):—[tatpurusha compound] n.

(-nam) Assurance of safety or pro-tection. Comp. abhayapradāna. E. abhaya and dāna.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhayadāna (अभयदान):—[abhaya-dāna] (naṃ) 1. n. Assurance of protection. Also abhaya-dakṣiṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Abhayadana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhayadana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Abhayadāna (ಅಭಯದಾನ):—[noun] an act of assuring or extending security.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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