Yugma; 6 Definition(s)


Yugma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Yugma (युग्म).—(I) lit, pair; the word is used for the second and fourth consonants ख्, घ्, छ्, झ् (kh, gh, ch, jh) etc. of the five classes which, in a way are combinations of two consonants; cf. युग्माः सोष्माणः (yugmāḥ soṣmāṇaḥ) R. T. 16; cf also युग्मौ सोष्माणौ (yugmau soṣmāṇau) where the word सोष्मन् (soṣman) is explained as उष्म। वायुस्तेन सह वर्तन्त इति सोष्माणः । खघ छझ टढ थध फभ (uṣma| vāyustena saha vartanta iti soṣmāṇaḥ | khagha chajha ṭaḍha thadha phabha); cf.also युग्मयोद्वितीयचतुर्थयोः (yugmayodvitīyacaturthayoḥ); (2) even, as opposed to odd, referring to the vowels ओ (o) and औ (au) which are even in the enumeration ए ओ ऐ औ (e o ai au). The consonants called युग्म (yugma) viz. ख, घ (kha, gha) and others which are defined as युग्म (yugma) are also the even consonants in their classes.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

yugma (युग्म).—m S A pair, brace, couple. 2 A male and female. 3 A couple of stanzas connected by the construction, the two together completing the sense.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yugma (युग्म).—m A pair; a male or female.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yugma (युग्म).—a. Even; युग्मासु पुत्रा जायन्ते स्त्रियोऽयुग्मासु रात्रिषु । तस्माद् युग्मासु पुत्रार्थी संविशेदार्तवे स्त्रियम् (yugmāsu putrā jāyante striyo'yugmāsu rātriṣu | tasmād yugmāsu putrārthī saṃviśedārtave striyam) Ms.3.48; Y.1.79.

-gmam 1 A pair, couple; see अयुग्म (ayugma).

2) Junction, union.

3) Confluence (of rivers).

4) Twins.

5) A couple of stanzas forming one grammatical sentence; द्वाभ्यां युग्म- मिति प्रोक्तम् (dvābhyāṃ yugma- miti proktam).

6) The sign Gemini of the zodiac; युग्मान्ते सूर्यमाहत्य महोल्केव दिवश्च्युता (yugmānte sūryamāhatya maholkeva divaścyutā) Mb.1.6.14.

7) Mixing, uniting.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yugma (युग्म).—n.

(-gmaṃ) 1. A pair, a couple, a brace. 2. A twin. 3. Mixing, uniting. 4. A couple of verses. 5. The sign Gemini of the Zodiac. f.

(-gmā) Even. E. yuj to join, Unadi aff. mak, the final changed to ga.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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