Dharmaraja, aka: Dharmarāja, Dharma-raja; 10 Definition(s)


Dharmaraja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Dharmaraja in Natyashastra glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

One of the Hands of Famous Emperors.—Dharmarāja: hands waved near the arms.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Dharmaraja in Purana glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Dharmarāja (धर्मराज).—A king of Gauḍadeśa. He became King at a time when Jainism was getting more and more hold on the people and the Hindu Vedic rites were getting less and less popular among the people. The King thought it was his duty to revive the interest in the Vedic rites and so became a priest himself and did much propaganda on the superiority of the same, writing several books on the subject for the benefit of the people. (Bhaviṣyapurāṇa, Pratisarga Parva).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Dharmarāja (धर्मराज).—A name of Yudhiṣṭhira.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 12. 4 ff; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 38. 90.

1b) Yama with residence in Kurukṣetra;1 son of Sūrya.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 29. 65; III. 13. 67; 59. 79; Vāyu-purāṇa 108. 5, 106. 44; 111. 38.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 80; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 7. 19 and 35.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Dharmaraja in Mahayana glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Dharmarāja (धर्मराज) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.

Dharmarāja is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Dharmarāja.—(EI 28), royal title; title of a pious king; cf. Dharma-mahārāja, etc.; also dharmarājikā. Note: dharmarāja is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Dharmaraja in Marathi glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

dharmarāja (धर्मराज).—m (S) The name of the eldest of the five pāṇḍava princes. Hence applied to an upright or virtuous person gen. 2 A name of Yama, Regent of the dead.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dharmarāja (धर्मराज).—m The name of the eldest of the five pāṇḍava princes. Hence applied to an upright or virtuous person.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dharmaraja in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Dharmarāja (धर्मराज).—a. धर्मशील (dharmaśīla) q. v.; धर्मराजेन जनकेन महात्मना (dharmarājena janakena mahātmanā) (videhān rakṣitān) Mb.12.325 19.

Dharmarāja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dharma and rāja (राज).

--- OR ---

Dharmarāja (धर्मराज).—an epithet of

1) Yama.

2) Jina.

3) युधिष्ठिर (yudhiṣṭhira).

4) a king.

Derivable forms: dharmarājaḥ (धर्मराजः).

Dharmarāja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dharma and rāja (राज).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dharmarāja (धर्मराज).—(n) , (mgs. 1 and 2 = Pali dhammarāja), (1) king of the doctrine or religious, righteous king, ep. of Buddha: LV 214.13; 395.9; 426.19; 437.18; °ja-putra (= jina-putra etc., of disciples or Bodhisattvas) Mvy 1090; (2) lawful (or righteous) king, as standing epithet of a cakravartin (compare Pali DN comm. i.249.29, glossed dham- mena rajjaṃ labhitvā rājā jāto ti): Mvy 3618; LV 14.3; 101.13; (3) n. of a former Buddha: Mv i.138.2 (°jaḥ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dharmarāja (धर्मराज).—m.

(-jaḥ) 1. A Jain or deified saint, according to the Jaina sect. 2. A name of Yama, regent of the dead. 3. A name of Yud'Hish- Thira. 4. Also of Arjuna. 5. A king in general. E. dharma virtue, Justice, and rāja who shines, affix ac; or rāja from rājan a king; lord of justice or dharmeṇa rājate . rāja-kvip .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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