Yuddhavira, Yuddha-vira, Yuddhavīra: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Yuddhavira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Yuddhavīra (युद्धवीर) refers to the “heroic sentiment of war”, representing one of the varieties of Vīrarasa, or “heroic sentiment” according Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa, Bharata’s Nāṭyaśastra and Viśvanātha’s Sāhityadarpaṇa.

Example of the heroic sentiment of war (yuddhavīra):—

madāndhakaricītkṛtisphuritasaṅgaraprāṅgaṇe dhanurdharadhurandharairyadapi garjitaṃ tarjitam |
tathā’pi yaśavantabhūdayita eṣa kiñcitsmitaṃ mitaṃmitamudīrayan dhanuranusmarannīkṣate ||

“In the battle field which is trembling with roaring of elephants blind with pride, even though the expert archers are scolding and roaring, the king Yaśavanta who is dear to the world and who is speaking with smiling face and reticence beholds remembering his bow”.

Notes: Here the heroism of king Yaśavanta is the basic feeling, the influence of the king Yaśavanta is the excitant (vibhāva), his smiling etc. are ensuents (anubhvāa) and his pride is the variant. With the combination of all these the basic feeling heroism is manifested into the sentiment of heroic. So this verse is an instance of yuddhavīra.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Yuddhavira in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Yuddhavīra (युद्धवीर) refers to a type of Heroic Sentiment (vīrarasa) employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—The yuddhavīra heroic sentiment is employed in different forms in the poem by the poet. In XIV.2, the poet has very nicely described how Bhīṣma started fighting so zealously as a young man though being an old one against Pāṇḍava army as per his fame of fighting in war.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Yuddhavira in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yuddhavīra (युद्धवीर).—m (S) A hero, a warrior.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Yuddhavira in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yuddhavīra (युद्धवीर).—

1) a warrior, hero, champion.

2) (in Rhet.) the sentiment of heroism arising out of military prowess, the sentiment of chivalrous heroism; see S. D.234 and R. G. under युद्धवीर (yuddhavīra).

Derivable forms: yuddhavīraḥ (युद्धवीरः).

Yuddhavīra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms yuddha and vīra (वीर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yuddhavīra (युद्धवीर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A warrior. 2. A warlike hero in a poem. 3. The sentiment of heroism.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yuddhavīra (युद्धवीर):—[=yuddha-vīra] [from yuddha > yudh] m. ‘battle-hero’, a valiant man, warrior, hero, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] heroism (as one of the Rasas q.v.), [ib.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Yuddhavīra (युद्धवीर):—(yuddha + vīra) m. ein Held in der Schlacht, neben dānavīra, dharma und dayā [Oxforder Handschriften 166,b,28. fg.] [Sāhityadarpana 89,3. 12.] Heroismus als rasa [233.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Yuddhavīra (युद्धवीर):—m.

1) ein Held in der Schlacht.

2) Heroismus (als Rasa).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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