Yaudheya, Yaudheyā: 16 definitions


Yaudheya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Yaudheya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Yaudheya (यौधेय).—A son of Dharmaputra. Mahābhārata. Ādi Parva, Chapter 95, Verse 76, states that this prince was born to Dharmaputra by Devikādevī, daughter of Govāsana, king of Śibi land.

2) Yaudheya (यौधेय).—A native of Yaudheya country. Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 52, Verse 14, mentions, that the Yaudheyas had participated in Yudhiṣṭhira’s Rājasūya.

3) Yaudheya (यौधेय).—A king. According to Matsya Purāṇa, he was the son of Prativindhya.

Source: Sacred Texts: The Vishnu Purana

Yaudheya (यौधेय) was the son of Yudhiṣṭhira by his wife Devikā, daughter of Govāsana of the Śaivya tribe.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Yaudheya (यौधेय).—A son of Yudhiṣṭhira by Devakī.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 56.

2) Yaudheyā (यौधेया).—The capital of Nṛga (Mṛga, Vāyu-purāṇa).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 21.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Yaudheya (यौधेय) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.83) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Yaudheya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Yaudheya (यौधेय) refers to a country belonging to “Uttaratas or Uttaradeśa (northern division)” classified under the constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada represent the northern division consisting of [i.e., Yaudheya] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: JatLand: South Asia

Yaudheya.—A prominent and ancient people; mentioned in the tribute list (II.48.13). They are identified with the Jats clan Joiyas or Johiya of Bahawalpur and Multan Divisions (Pakistan) and Bikaner, Rajasthan (India). Yaudheyas were the rulers of South-Eastern Punjab and Rajasthan. Even today these areas are inhabited by the Johiyas.

India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Yaudheya refers to one of the thirty-six Rajput clans, according to various inscriptions and literature. They are possible part Padmanabha list, who compiled the 15th-century Kanhadadeprabandha, a work describing the Muslim invasion of Gujarat of 1298 AD. The kingdom or dynasty of the Yaudheyas had their own princes and nobles and were further separated into sub-clans and families.

The Rajputs are a Hindu race claiming to be descendants of the ancient Kṣatriya-varṇa (warrior caste). Originally, the Rajputs consisted of two principal branches: the Sūryavaṃśa (solar race) and the Candravaṃśa (lunar race), to which later was added the Agnivaṃśa (fire-born race).

Source: archive.org: Selections From Sanskrit Inscription Vol. I, Part. II

Yaudheya.—These were known as a warlike race from the earliest times and are mentioned as warriors by Panini (V. iii. 117). Their habitat was the tract round the Bahawalpur State. Like the Malavas these appear to have had a democratic constitution. Several round copper coins bearing the legend ??? in Gupta characters of the 3rd cent. A.D. have been found in N. W. Provinces. Cunningham’s Coins of Anc. Ind.) This iribe is also mentioned as having been defeated by Samudragupta/ A fragmentary inscription of a Yaudheya King probably of the 3rd cent, is found at Bijayagadh in Bbaratpur State in Rajaputana (F. G. 1. No. 58).

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Yaudheya (यौधेय) is the name of a tribe mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. These tribes (e.g., the Yaudheyas) migrated to places other than their original settlemenets and gave their names to the janapadas they settled. They replaced the old Vedic tribes in Punjab and Rajasthan though some of them are deemed as offshoots of the main tribe..

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Early Gupta Kings

Yaudheya (यौधेय).—The Yaudheyas seem to have been in existence from the time of Pāṇini, who speaks of them as an āyudha-jīvin Saṃgha. This expression is the same as śastr-ōpajīvin used by Kauṭalya. And both denote a tribal corporation “subsisting on arms”. Originally they seem to have been a tribal band of mercenaries and constituted one kind of a king’s army. In the time of Pāṇini they were an ēka-rāja Kṣatriya tribe which means that so far as their tribal constitution was concerned they were governed by one ruler, but exercised no political power.

B. C. Law suggests that as Yaudheya is given as one of the sons of Yudhiṣṭhira in Ādi-P., ch. 95, v. 76.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yaudheya (यौधेय).—m.

(-yaḥ) A warrior. E. yodheya the same, and aṇ pleonasm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yaudheya (यौधेय).—[masculine] [Name] of a prince.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yaudheya (यौधेय):—[from yaudha] m. ([probably] [from] yodha) a warrior, soldier, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] (Pl.) Name of a warlike race, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a king of the Yaudheyas (f(ī). ), [Pāṇini 4-1, 178]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Yudhi-ṣṭhira, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yaudheya (यौधेय):—(yaḥ) 1. m. A warrior.

[Sanskrit to German]

Yaudheya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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