Vyapaka, Vyāpaka: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Vyapaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vyapak.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vyāpaka (व्यापक) refers to “all-pervasive”, and represents an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.10. Accordingly as Viṣṇu said to Brahmā:—“[...] He cannot be defined. He is not subject to deterioration or decay. He is the supreme soul, without a second, unswerving and endless. He is the cause of dissolution, all-pervasive (vyāpaka) and great lord”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vyāpaka (व्यापक).—All pervadingness from apavarga; from that comes Puruṣa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 13. 23.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

Vyāpaka (व्यापक).—That which covers or applies to the whole in entirely.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vyāpaka (व्यापक).—Covering or applying to the whole in entirety, and not in parts; .cf. अधिकरणं नाम त्रिप्रकारं व्यापकमौपक्षेपिकं वैषयिकमिति (adhikaraṇaṃ nāma triprakāraṃ vyāpakamaupakṣepikaṃ vaiṣayikamiti) M. Bh. on P.VI.1.72;cf. इतरो व्यापकत्वाच्छास्त्रासिद्धत्वं प्रदेशान्तर एव स्थापितं मन्यमान आह । (itaro vyāpakatvācchāstrāsiddhatvaṃ pradeśāntara eva sthāpitaṃ manyamāna āha |) Kaiyata on P. VI.4.22.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vyāpaka (व्यापक) refers to the “pervader”, according to the Jayadrathayāmala verse 1.12.456-459.—Accordingly, “By reflecting on ultimate reality, (the energy of the goddess) wanders throughout the whole universe, including the gods, demons and men as the division of pervasion and the pervader [i.e., vyāpti-vyāpaka-bhedena]. Through the Yoga (lit. ‘union’), by means of which (this energy) is checked (and so appropriated); and by the unfolding of its essential nature, the yogi becomes of that nature, endowed with the very essence of accomplishment. By attaining oneness in this way, Yoga—Āṇava, Śākta and Śāmbhava—has been explained, which illumines the meaning of the teacher’s (instruction)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Vyāpaka (व्यापक) refers to “all-pervasive”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñākārikā III.2.12.—Accordingly, “But when, through realizing [that the divine] qualities such as all-pervasiveness (vyāpaka-tva) and eternality apply to oneself, by having the experience of the [real] “I” whose nature is [unqualified] freedom—[an experience] pointed out by the guru’s instruction and other methods that I have explained—[and] having therefore emerged as it were from [identification with] the objective knowables of the Void etc., and [as a result] abiding [in one’s real nature], then that is the [transcendent] state [called] the Fourth. [...]”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

1) Vyāpaka (व्यापक) refers to “(one who is) constant” and is used to describe Amṛteśa, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 9.5-11, while explaining the universality of Amṛteśa]—“Amṛteśa is supreme. He is free of disease. His nature is inherent, fully enumerated, constant (vyāpakavyāpakaṃ), eternal, and immovable. [He has] no form or color, and is the highest truth. Because of that, he is omnipresent. The splendid Deva delights in all āgamas, pervades all mantras, and grants all siddhis. In this way, he is like a transparent crystal sewn onto a colored thread, always reflected with its color, [and] seeking [to] look like this and that. [...]”.

2) Vyāpaka (व्यापक) refers to “ubiquitous” and is used to describe the nature of Śiva, according to the Netratantra.—Accordingly, [verse 21.2-5]—“O Deva, if [mantras] consist of the nature of Śiva, [which is] ubiquitous (vyāpaka) , formless, and [if he] does not perform action, how can [mantras] be agents of action? And how do they create a state [in which one] performs them [when they are] formless? Who does [that performance] without an individual body? Speak, O Lord. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Vyāpaka (व्यापक) or Vyāpakatva refers to “pervasiveness”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next he speaks about the all pervasiveness (sarvavyāpakatvam) of death (kālasya)]—This most powerful [and] cruel death devours against their will the life of those who possess a body that has settled in the middle world, in hell, in the world of Brahmā, in Indra’s abode, in the middle of the ocean, inside the forest, at all quarters of the globe, on a mountain-peak, in a place difficult of access on account of fire, forest, cold, darkness, thunderbolts [and] swords, or in [a place] crowded with a troop of ruttish elephants”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vyapaka in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vyāpaka : (adj.) fulling with; spreading; suffusing.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vyāpaka, (adj.) (fr. vyāpeti) filling or summing up, combining, completing PvA. 71 (in explanation of “ye keci”: anavasesa° niddesa). (Page 654)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vyāpaka (व्यापक).—a (S) That overspreads, covers over, takes in the whole expansion: also that penetrates and pervades throughout. 2 That comprehends, comprises, includes and extends beyond.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vyāpaka (व्यापक).—a That overspreads, covers over. Comprehensive, extensive.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyāpaka (व्यापक).—a. (-pikā f.)

1) Pervading, comprehensive, diffusive, widely spread, extending over the whole of anything; तिर्यगूर्ध्वमधस्ताच्च व्यापको महिमा हरेः (tiryagūrdhvamadhastācca vyāpako mahimā hareḥ) Kumārasambhava 6.71.

2) (In law) Comprehending all the points of an argument.

3) Invariably concomitant.

4) That which is more extensive than the व्याप्य (vyāpya); e. g. in the instance मनुष्यो मर्त्यः (manuṣyo martyaḥ); मर्त्य (martya) is व्यापक (vyāpaka) as it includes मनुष्य (manuṣya), and is more extensive than it.

-kaḥ An attribute which is invariably concomitant or inherent.

-kam An invariably concomitant or inherent property.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyāpaka (व्यापक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-pikā-kaṃ) 1. Diffusive, comprehensive, spreading or extending widely. 2. (In law,) Comprehending all the points of an argument, pervading the whole plea. 3. (In logic,) Embracing the whole of an argument or objection. n.

(-kaṃ) Essential and inherent property. E. vi before āp to pervade, ṇvul aff., implying the agent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyāpaka (व्यापक).—i. e. vi-āp + aka, I. adj. 1. Diffusive. 2. Extensive. Ii. m. A pervading attribute, one always found where some other is found, Bhā- ṣāp. 137.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyāpaka (व्यापक).—[adjective] pervading, spread or diffused everywhere; contained in, inherent. Abstr. [feminine], tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vyāpaka (व्यापक):—[=vy-āpaka] [from vy-āp] mf(ikā)n. pervading, diffusive, comprehensive, widely spreading or extending, spreading everywhere (vyāpakaṃ ny-√as or nyāsaṃ√kṛ, to put or place or fix or make applicable everywhere, [Agni-purāṇa]), [Kaṭha-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (in logic) invariably pervading or inherent or concomitant (as an attribute which is always found [as smoke] where some other [as fire] is found), [Bhāṣāpariccheda; Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 62]

3) [v.s. ...] (in law) comprehending all the points of an argument, pervading the whole plea, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyāpaka (व्यापक):—[vyā+paka] (kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a. Diffusive. n. Essential property.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vyapaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vyapaka in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vyāpaka (व्यापक) [Also spelled vyapak]:—(a) comprehensive; extensive, wide(spread); pervasive; ~[tā/tva] comprehensiveness; extensiveness, pervasiveness.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vyāpaka (ವ್ಯಾಪಕ):—

1) [adjective] pervading; diffusing; sprading widely.

2) [adjective] (law.) comprehending all the points of an argument; pervading the whole plea.

3) [adjective] (log.) invariably pervading or inherent or concomitant.

4) [adjective] forever the same; eternal; everlasting.

--- OR ---

Vyāpaka (ವ್ಯಾಪಕ):—

1) [noun] that which is pervading, diffusing or pervaded, diffused widely.

2) [noun] a man who represents or tend to represent most of the people in a community, country, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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