Anuvyanjana, aka: Anuvyañjana; 5 Definition(s)


Anuvyanjana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Anuvyanjana in Buddhism glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Anuvyañjana (अनुव्यञ्जन) refers to the “eighty secondary characteristics” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 84):

  1. tāmranakha (copper-coloured nails),
  2. srigdhanakha (glossy nails),
  3. tuṅganakha (prominent nails),
  4. chatrāṅguli (round fingers),
  5. citrāṅguli (firm fingers),
  6. anupūrvāṅguli (regular fingers),
  7. gūḍhaśira (hidden veins),
  8. nigranthiśira (unhindered veins),
  9. gūḍhagulpha (hidden ankles),
  10. aviṣamapāda (even feet),
  11. siṃhavikrāntagāmi (a gait like that of a lion),
  12. nāgavikrāntagāmi (a gait like that of a elephant),
  13. haṃsavikrāntagāmi (a gait like that of a goose),
  14. vṛṣabhavikrāntagāmi (a gait like that of a bull),
  15. pradakṣiṇagāmi (a respectful stride),
  16. cārugāmi (a beautiful stride),
  17. avakragāmi (straight limbs),
  18. vṛttagātra (rounded limbs),
  19. mṛṣṭagātra (pleasant limbs),
  20. anupūrvagātra (regular limbs),
  21. śucigātra (pure limbs),
  22. mṛdugātra (soft limbs),
  23. viśuddhagātra (purified limbs),
  24. paripūrṇavyañjana (fulsome genitals),
  25. pṛthucārumaṇḍalagātra (broad, beautiful knees),
  26. samakrama (an even step),
  27. viśuddhanetra (purified limbs),
  28. sukumāragātra (delicate limbs),
  29. adīnagātra (noble limbs),
  30. utsāhagātra (upright limbs),
  31. gambhīrakukṣi (a deep belly),
  32. prasannagātra (clear limbs),
  33. suvibhaktāṅgapratyaṅga (well-proportioned minor limbs),
  34. vitimiraśuddhāloka (a pure luminescence that dispels the darkness),
  35. vṛttakukṣi (a rounded belly),
  36. mṛṣṭakukṣi (a pleasant belly),
  37. abhugnakukṣi (a straight belly),
  38. kṣāmakukṣi (a slim belly),
  39. gambhīranābhi (a deep navel),
  40. pradakṣiṇāvartanābhi (a navel that turns to the right),
  41. samantaprāsādika ((an appearance) that is pleasant on all sides),
  42. śucisamudācāra (pure behaviour),
  43. vyapagatatilakagātra (limbs that are free of moles),
  44. tūlasadṛśasukumārapāṇi (hands that are soft as cotton),
  45. snigdhapāṇilekha (glossy palms of the hands),
  46. gambhīrapāṇilekha (deep palms of the hands),
  47. āyatapāṇilekha (long palms of the hands),
  48. nātyāyatavacana (a not overly-long face),
  49. bimbapratibimboṣṭha (a lovely appearance and lips),
  50. mṛdujivha (a soft tongue),
  51. tanujivha (a slim tongue),
  52. raktajihva (a red-coloured tongue),
  53. meghagarjighoṣa (a voice that sounds like thunder),
  54. madhuracārumañjusvara (a voice that is sweet, charming and lovely),
  55. vṛttadaṃṣṭra (rounded eye-teeth),
  56. tīkṣṇaṃdaṃṣṭra (sharp eye-teeth),
  57. śūkladaṃṣṭra (fine eye-teeth),
  58. samadaṃṣṭra (even eye-teeth),
  59. anupūrvadaṃṣṭra (regular eye-teeth),
  60. tuṅganāsa (a long nose),
  61. śucināsa (a clean nose),
  62. viśālanayana (wide eyes),
  63. citrapakṣma (thick eyelashes),
  64. sitāsitakamaladalanayana (having eyes like the black and white lotus),
  65. āyatabhrūka (long brows),
  66. śuklabhrūka (fine brows),
  67. susnigdhabhrūka (very glossy brows),
  68. pīnāyatabhujala (having full and long arms),
  69. samakarṇa (even ears),
  70. anupahatakarṇendriya (unimpaired ear faculty),
  71. avimlānalalāṭa (unfaded forehead),
  72. pṛthulalāṭa (spacious forehead),
  73. suparipūrṇottamāṅga (a very complete head),
  74. bhramarasadṛśakeśa (hair of the head that is like a black bee (in colour)),
  75. citrakeśa (beautiful hair),
  76. guḍākeśa (thick hair),
  77. asaṃlulitakeśa (unconfused hair of the head),
  78. aparuṣakeśa (smooth hair of the head),
  79. surabhikeśa (fragrant hair of the head),
  80. śrīvatsamuktikanandyāvartalakṣitapāṇipādatala (the curl of hair, pearl, and diagram marks on palms and soles).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., anuvyañjana). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Anuvyañjana (अनुव्यञ्जन) refers to “eighty minor marks of distinction” mentioned in the 17th century Sukhāvatī.—The list of the eighty minor marks (anuvyañjana) follows the order of the Mahāvyutpatti (269-348).

  1. fingernails of copper colour (tāmranakha);
  2. smooth finger-nails (snigdhanakha);
  3. prominent finger-nails (tuṅganakha);
  4. rounded fingers (vṛttāṅguli);
  5. slender fingers (anupūrvāṅguli);
  6. well developed fingers (citāṅguli);
  7. concealed veins (nigūḍhaśira);
  8. unknotted veins (nirgranthiśira);
  9. concealed ankles (gūḍhagulpha);
  10. even feet (aviṣamapāda);
  11. gait of a lion (siṃhavikrāntagāmī);
  12. gait of an elephant (nāgavikrāntagāmī);
  13. gait of a swan (haṃsavikrāntagāmī);
  14. gait of a bull (vṛṣabhavikrāntagāmī);
  15. gait swaying towards the right (pradakṣiṇāvartagāmī);
  16. pleasing gait (cārugāmī);
  17. steady gait (avakragāmī);
  18. rounded body (vṛttagātra);
  19. smooth body (mṛṣṭagātra);
  20. regular body (anupūrvagātra);
  21. pure body (śucigātra);
  22. tender body (mṛdugātra);
  23. stainless body (viśuddhagātra);
  24. sex organs complete (paripūrṇavyañjana);
  25. body with broad and graceful limbs (pṛthucārumaṇḍalagātra);
  26. even pace (samakrama);
  27. youthful body (sukumāragātra);
  28. zestful body (adīnagātra);
  29. lofty body (unnatagātra);
  30. well-composed body (susaṃhitagātra);
  31. well-proportioned limbs and their parts (suvibhaktāṅgapratyaṅga);
  32. clear and pure sight (vitimiraviśuddhāloka);
  33. rounded sides of the body (vṛttakukṣi);
  34. smooth sides of the body (mṛṣṭakukṣi);
  35. not bulging sides of the body (abhugnakukṣi);
  36. slim abdomen (kṣāmodara);
  37. deep navel (gaṃbhīranābhi);
  38. clockwise coiled navel (pradakṣiṇāvartanābhi);
  39. agreeable in all respects (samantaprāsādika);
  40. pure conduct (śucisamācāra);
  41. body free from freckles and black spots (vyapagatatilakakālagātra);
  42. delicate hands like cotton (tūlasadriśasukumārapāṇi);
  43. fine hand lines (snigdhapāṇilekha);
  44. deep hand lines (gambhīrapāṇilekha);
  45. long hand lines (āyatapāṇilekha);
  46. not too elongated mouth (nātyāyatavadana);
  47. the mouth [its lustre] resembling the bimba [fruit] (bimbapratibimbadarśanavadana);
  48. pliable tongue (mṛdujihva);
  49. slender tongue (tanujihva);
  50. red tongue (raktajihva);
  51. voice of a roaring elephant or thundering clouds (gajagarjitajīmūtaghoṣa);
  52. articulate, attractive and gentle speech (madhuracārumañjusvara);
  53. rounded canine teeth (vṛttadaṃṣṭra);
  54. sharp canine teeth (tikṣṇadaṃṣṭra);
  55. white canine teeth (śukladaṃṣṭra);
  56. even canine teeth (samadaṃṣṭra);
  57. regular canine teeth (anupūrvadaṃṣṭra);
  58. prominent nose (tuṅganāsa);
  59. neat nose (śucināsa);
  60. clear eyes (viśuddhanetra);
  61. large eyes (viśālanetra);
  62. thick eyelashes (citrapakṣma);
  63. [the white and dark sections of] the eyes beautifully [contrast] like the petals of a white and dark lotus (sitāsitakamalaśakalanayana);
  64. long eyebrows (āyatabhrū);
  65. soft eyebrows (ślakṣṇabhrū);
  66. even eyebrows (samaromabhrū);
  67. smooth eyebrows (snigdhabhrū);
  68. thick and long ears (pīnāyatakarṇa);
  69. even ears (samakarṇa);
  70. unimpaired hearing (anupahatakarṇendriya);
  71. well-formed forehead (supariṇatalalāṭa);
  72. broad forehead (pṛthulalāṭa);
  73. well-developed head (suparipūrṇottamāṅga);
  74. black hair like the black bee (bhramarasadṛśakeśa);
  75. thick hair (citakeśa);
  76. soft hair (ślakṣṇakeśa);
  77. undishevelled/untousled hair (asaṃlulitakeśa);
  78. pliable hair (aparuṣakeśa);
  79. fragrant hair (surabhikeśa);
  80. the palms and soles marked with śrīvatsa, svastika, nadyāvarta, and lalita symbols (śrīvatsasvastikanandyāvartalalitapāṇipāda);

The list of the thirty-two major marks (lakṣaṇa) also follows the order, but not always the exact wording, of the Mahāvyutpatti (269-348).

Source: A Prayer for Rebirth in the Sukhāvatī

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Anuvyanjana in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

anuvyañjana : (nt.) a secondary attribute.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Anuvyañjana, & anubyañjana (e. g. Vin.IV, 15; J.I, 12) (nt.) (anu + vyañjana) accompanying (i. e. secondary) attribute, minor or inferior characteristic, supplementary or additional sign or mark (cf. mahāpurisa-lakkhaṇa) Vin.I, 65 (Abl. anuvyañjanaso “in detail”); M.III, 126; S.IV, 168; A.IV, 279 (Abl.); V, 73 sq.; Pug.24, 58; Miln.339; VvA.315; DhsA.400.

—gāhin taking up or occupying oneself with details, taken up with lesser or inferior marks D.I, 70 (cf. MVastu III, 52); III, 225; S.IV, 104; A.I, 113; II, 16, 152 sq.; Dhs.1345 (cf. Dhs.trsl. 351). (Page 43)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of anuvyanjana in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anuvyanjana in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Anuvyañjana (अनुव्यञ्जन).—A secondary token.

Derivable forms: anuvyañjanam (अनुव्यञ्जनम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of anuvyanjana in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 206 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Lakṣaṇa (लक्षण).—n. (-ṇaṃ) 1. A mark, a spot. 2. A name, an appellation. 3. Sight, seeing. 4. A...
Guḍākeśa (गुडाकेश).—m. (-śaḥ) 1. A name of Siva. 2. A title of Arjuna. E. guḍā Euphorbia, and k...
Sahita (सहित).—mfn. (-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Accompanied by, in company with, associated with, &c. ...
Śucigātra (शुचिगात्र).—n. of a former Buddha: Mv i.137.9.
Kalaka (कलक).—m. (-kaḥ) 1. A kind of fish: see śakula. 2. Name of species of prose composition....
Samakarṇa (समकर्ण) refers to “even ears” and represents the sixty-ninth of the eighty minor mar...
Haṃsavikrāntagāmī (हंसविक्रान्तगामी) refers to “gait of a swan” and represents the thirteenth o...
Anupūrva (अनुपूर्व) or Anupūrvva.—mfn. (-rvaḥ-rvā-rvaṃ) Regular, orderly, successively, from th...
Dāṭha (दाठ).—(-dāṭha), ifc. Bhvr. for *dāṭhā (= Pali id., Sanskrit daṃṣṭrā; compare next), (lar...
Raktajihva (रक्तजिह्व).—m. (-hvaḥ) A lion. E. rakta red, and jihvā the tongue.
Cita (चित).—(orig. ppp. of Sanskrit ci-), orig. piled up, heaped up; so, thick, dense (of hair)...
Samantaprāsādika (समन्तप्रासादिक).—a. affording help on all sides. Samantaprāsādika is a Sanskr...
Tīkṣṇadaṃṣṭra (तीक्ष्णदंष्ट्र).—m. (-ṣṭraḥ) A tiger. E. tīkṣṇa sharp, and daṃṣṭra a tooth.
Śukladaṃṣṭra (शुक्लदंष्ट्र) refers to “white canine teeth” and represents the fifty-fifth of th...
Śucināsa (शुचिनास) refers to “neat nose” and represents the fifty-ninth of the eighty minor mar...

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