Vyana, Vyāna: 13 definitions



Vyana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Google Books: A Practical Approach to the Science of Ayurveda

Vyāna (व्यान).—One of the five upadoṣas (sub-functions) of vāta (one of the three biological humors).—

Location of vyāna: Permeates the entire body especially the heart.

Functions of vyāna: Responsible for sweating, bending, heart rhythm, blinking of eyelids, yawning, governs peripheral circulation, dilation and constriction of blood vessels, transport nourishing juices and blood throughout the body, elimination of waste and ejaculation of semen.

Ailments of vyāna due to vitiation: Sluggishness in the circulatory function of srota, fever, diarrhea, bleeding, tuberculosis and other diseases.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Garuda Purana

The air called Vyāna carries the essential part in all the Nāḍīs. Food, as soon as eaten, is split into two by that air. Having entered near the anus it separates the solid and liquid portions, placing the water over the fire, and the solid over the water, The Prāna standing under the fire, inflames it slowly. The fire, inflamed by the air, separates the substance from the waste. The Vyāna air makes the essence go all over, and the waste, forced through the twelve gateways, is ejected from the body. (Also see )

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vyāna (व्यान).—A Tuṣita.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 18.

1b) A mind-born son of Brahmā in the 21st Kalpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 47; 31. 41.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Yoga Magazine: Prana

The fifth prana is known as Vyana. It is an integral prana. It exists throughout the body as an underlying reserve force, so if anything goes wrong in another area of prana, Vyana can step in and support that weak or imbalanced area. Thereby Vyana prevents diseases and imbalances from occurring in the different systems and parts of the body. Should Vyana become weak or deficient then diseases will arise because there will be no back up system.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vyāna (व्यान).—m S One of the five vital airs,--that which is diffused throughout the body. See pañcaprāṇa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vyāna (व्यान).—m One of the five vital airs or pañcaprāṇa.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyāna (व्यान).—One of the five life-winds or vital airs in the body, that which is diffused through the whole body; व्याने तृप्यति श्रोत्रं तृप्यति (vyāne tṛpyati śrotraṃ tṛpyati) Ch. Up.5.2.2; व्यानः सर्वशरीरगः (vyānaḥ sarvaśarīragaḥ).

Derivable forms: vyānaḥ (व्यानः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyāna (व्यान).—m.

(-naḥ) One of the five vital airs, that which is diffused throughout the body. E. vi before an to breathe, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyāna (व्यान).—i. e. vi-an + a, m. One of the five vital airs, that which is diffused throughout the body, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 207, 11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyāna (व्यान).—[masculine] breath, [especially] the vital air diffused through the whole body.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vyāna (व्यान):—[=vy-āna] [from vy-an] a m. one of the five vital airs (that which circulates or is diffused through the body; personified as a son of Udāna and father of Apāna; cf. prāṇa), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

2) [=vy-āna] b etc. See vy-√an, p.1031.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyāna (व्यान):—[vyā+na] (naḥ) 1. m. One of the five vital airs, diffused throughout the body.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vyāna (व्यान):—(von 2. an mit vi) m. [Prātiśākha zum Atharvaveda 4, 39] (mit Avagraha). Athem, Hauch; bei der gewöhnlichen Eintheilung in prāṇa, udāna, vyāna und weiterhin apāna, samāna, soll es den im ganzen Körper sich verbreitenden Lebenshauch bezeichnen. [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 1, 59.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1109.] [Ṛgveda 10, 85, 12.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 5, 4, 7. 6, 41, 2. 10, 2, 13. 11, 5, 24. 18, 2, 46.] vyā.o.ā.au [11, 8, 4. 26.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 1, 20. 13, 19. 17, 71.] [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 2, 21.] prāṇastredhā vihitaḥ prāṇo pāno vyāna iti [29. 3, 8.] u.ā.a.yā.au [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 1, 6, 3, 3. 7, 2, 2. 5, 5, 5, 3.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 1, 1, 3, 3. 8, 4, 3, 4.] samānavyānau [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 3, 4, 30.] [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 3. 72.] [Chāndogyopaniṣad 1, 3, 3.] [Praśnopaniṣad 3, 6. 8.] [AMṚTAN. Upakośā] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 9, 37.] [Mahābhārata 3, 13967. 12, 6844. 14, 612. fgg.] [Suśruta 1, 17, 2. 248, 1. 250, 7.] vermittelt die Circulation der Säfte, setzt Schweiss und Blut in Bewegung und seine heftige Erregung erzeugt Krankheiten, die sich über den ganzen Leib verbreiten, [?18. Hindu System of Medicine 44. Oxforder Handschriften 225,b,3. Vedānta lecture No. 54. sieben Atharvavedasaṃhitā 15,15,2. 17,1. fgg.] bhṛt [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 8, 1, 3, 6.] dṛh [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 7, 5, 19, 1.] Personificirt ein Sohn Udāna’s und Vater Apāna’s [Mahābhārata 12, 12397.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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