Vratopavasa, Vratopavāsa, Vrata-upavasa: 5 definitions


Vratopavasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[«previous next»] — Vratopavasa in Pancaratra glossary
Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Vratopavāsa (व्रतोपवास) refers to “one who has forsaken his [fasting vows?]”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not have forsaken his vows or fasting (vratopavāsa [?]) nor be the husband of a Śūdra, nor living on trade or theater. He should not be an adulterer with a bought woman. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., vratopavāsa), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., vratopavāsa) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vratopavasa in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vratopavāsa (व्रतोपवास) refers to “observing fast (and other rites)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.54 (“Description of the duties of the chaste wife”).—Accordingly, as a Brahmin lady said to Pārvatī: “[...] O Goddess, the husband is superior to Brahmā, Viṣṇu or Śiva, for a chaste lady her husband is on a par with Śiva. She who transgresses her husband and observes fast and other rites (vratopavāsa) [vratopavāsaniyamam] wrecks the longevity of her husband and after death goes to hell. If she furiously retorts to her husband she is born as a bitch in a village or as a vixen in a secluded place. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vratopavasa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vratopavāsa (व्रतोपवास).—a fast for a vow.

Derivable forms: vratopavāsaḥ (व्रतोपवासः).

Vratopavāsa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vrata and upavāsa (उपवास).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vratopavāsa (व्रतोपवास):—[from vrata] m. fasting as a religious obligation, [Rāmāyaṇa; Brahma-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vratopavāsa (व्रतोपवास):—[vrato+pavāsa] (saḥ) 1. m. Fasting.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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