Vriddhadaruka, Vṛddhadāruka, Vriddha-daruka: 2 definitions

Introduction:

Vriddhadaruka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vṛddhadāruka can be transliterated into English as Vrddhadaruka or Vriddhadaruka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Vriddhadaruka in Ayurveda glossary
Source: PMC: Phytochemical investigation of natural and in vitro raised Vṛddhadāruka plants

Vṛddhadāruka (वृद्धदारुक):—Argyreia nervosa, commonly known as “elephant creeper”, is a woody climber that belongs to the family Convolvulaceae. Seeds of this plant contain hallucinogens including ergot alkaloids and a naturally occurring lysergic acid amide. Traditionally the plant is used in the treatment of gonorrhea, strangury, chronic ulcers, diabetes, anemia and cerebral disorders. The plant is also used as appetitiser, brain tonic, cardiotonic, aphrodisiac. It possesses anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal activities.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Vṛddhadāruka (वृद्धदारुक) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with either a) Argyreia nervosa (synonym Argyreia speciosa or Hawaiian baby woodrose or elephant creeper) or b) Merremia peltata (synonym Ipomoea petaloidea), both from the Convolvulaceae or “moring glory family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.117-119 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Vṛddhadāruka is commonly known in Hindi as Vidhārā and Samudra-soka; in Bengali as Bījtāḍak; in Marathi as Samudra-sokha; in Gujarati as Samandar-sosa, or Vardhāro; in Tamil as Samudrapacchāī; and in Telugu as Samudrapal.

Vṛddhadāruka is mentioned as having fourteen synonyms: Āvegī, Juṅgaka, Dīrghabāluka, Vṛddha, Koṭarapuṣpī, Ajāntrī, Chāgalāntrikā, (second variety synonyms:) Jīrṇadāru, Jīrṇā, Phañjī, Supuṣpikā, Ajarā and Sūkṣmapatrā.

Properties and characteristics: “both varieties of Vṛddhadāruka are sweet. These are slimy and cure the ailments due to vitiated kapha and vāta. These promote strength and are beneficial for cough and āma-doṣa (symptoms due to improper digestive metabolism). The second variety is comparatively less effective”.

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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