Vyartha: 14 definitions


Vyartha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vyarth.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vyartha (व्यर्थ).—(l) useless, serving no purpose, superfluous; the word is usually used in the sense of useless or futile in connection with a rule or its part, which serves no purpose, its purpose or object being served otherwise; such words or rules have never been condemned as futile by commentators, but an attempt is made invariably by them to deduce something from the futile wording and show its necessity; cf. व्यर्थे सज्ज्ञापयति (vyarthe sajjñāpayati) a remark which is often found in the commentary literature; cf. अन्यथा अन्तरङ्गत्वाद्दीर्घे कृत एव प्रत्ययप्राप्त्या तद्यर्थता स्पष्टैव । (anyathā antaraṅgatvāddīrghe kṛta eva pratyayaprāptyā tadyarthatā spaṣṭaiva |) Par. Sek. Pari. 56; (2) possessed of various senses such as the words अक्षाः भाषाः (akṣāḥ bhāṣāḥ) etc.; cf. व्यर्थेषु च मुक्तसंशयम् । (vyartheṣu ca muktasaṃśayam |) M.Bh.on P.I.2.64 Vart. 52. The word व्यर्थ (vyartha) possibly stands for विविधार्थ (vividhārtha) in such cases. It appears that the word व्यर्थ (vyartha) in the sense of futile was rarely used by ancient grammarians; the word अनर्थक (anarthaka) appears to have been used in its place. See Mahabhasya in which the word व्यर्थ (vyartha) does not occur in this sense while the word अनर्थक (anarthaka) occurs at several places.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vyartha (व्यर्थ) refers to the “ineffective use (of one’s weapon)” (in battle), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.15 (“Gaṇeśa’s battle”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] The six-faced deity and the other gods who came there failed to use their weapons effectively (vyartha-āyudha). They were very much surprised. In the meantime, goddess, the mother of the universe, of special knowledge, came to know of the entire incident and was very furious. O great sage, the goddess created two Śaktis then and there for the assistance of her own Gaṇa. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Mantrashastra (the science of Mantras)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa (mantra)

Vyartha (व्यर्थ) refers to “those mantras which do not yield fruits” according to the Viṣṇutilaka (Mantrayoga, 148-52).—Mantras refers to “that which is chanted by people to obtain their spiritual aspirations”. The Viṣṇutilaka states that a mantra cannot be learnt by an aspirant accidently or covertly, and those learnt in an unethical manner do not yield fruits (vyartha). The aspirant has to stay in the gurukula for 12-15 years, systematically learning from his Guru, all the mandated scriptures, with rigorous practice, which will facilitate him to master the desired mantra.

context information

Mantrashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, mantraśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mantras—chants, incantations, spells, magical hymns, etc. Mantra Sastra literature includes many ancient books dealing with the methods reciting mantras, identifying and purifying its defects and the science behind uttering or chanting syllables.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vyartha (व्यर्थ).—a (S) Fruitless, unprofitable, empty, vain.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vyartha (व्यर्थ).—a Fruitless, empty, vain, unprofitable.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyartha (व्यर्थ).—a. [vigato'rthaḥ prayojanaṃ vā'sya]

1) Useless, vain, fruitless, unprofitable; व्यर्थं यत्र कपीन्द्रसख्यमपि मे (vyarthaṃ yatra kapīndrasakhyamapi me) Uttararāmacarita 3.45.

2) Meaningless, unmeaning, idle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyartha (व्यर्थ).—mfn.

(-rthaḥ-rthā-rthaṃ) 1. Useless, unprofitable. 2. Unmeaning. E. vi, priv. artha meaning, object.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyartha (व्यर्थ).—i. e. vi-artha, adj. 1. Useless, unprofitable, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 445; [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 129, M. M.; [Pañcatantra] 134, 14. 2. Unmeaning.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyartha (व्यर्थ).—[adjective] useless, vain ([neuter] [adverb]); unmeaning, contradictory; destitute of wealth or money, i.[grammar] destitute of ([instrumental]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vyartha (व्यर्थ):—[=vy-artha] [from vy] a See sub voce

2) [=vy-artha] b mf(ā)n. ([from] 3. vi+artha) useless, unavailing, unprofitable, vain, [Mahābhārata] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] deprived or devoid of property or money, [Pañcatantra]

4) [v.s. ...] excluded from, having no right ([instrumental case]), [Āpastamba]

5) [v.s. ...] unmeaning, inconsistent, [Harivaṃśa; Kāvyādarśa]

6) [v.s. ...] = tha-nāmaka below, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyartha (व्यर्थ):—[(rthaḥ-rthā-rthaṃ) a.] Useless; unmeaning; vain.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vyartha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vyartha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vyartha (व्यर्थ) [Also spelled vyarth]:—(a) useless, fruitless; futile; ineffective; unprofitable; ~[] uselessness, fruitlessness, futility; ineffectiveness; —[kā kāma karatā] to beat the air; to bite/goaw file; —[samaya gaṃvānā] to shoe the goose.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vyartha (ವ್ಯರ್ಥ):—[adjective] useless; unprofitable; unavailing; futile; ineffectual.

--- OR ---

Vyartha (ವ್ಯರ್ಥ):—

1) [noun] the quality of being useless, unprofitable, futile, ineffectual, etc.; uselessness; futileness.

2) [noun] (rhet.) absence of meaning; meaninglessness or contradictoriness.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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