Vibhrama, Vibhramā: 11 definitions

Introduction

Vibhrama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vibhrama in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vibhrama (विभ्रम).—A Brahmavādin.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 103.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Vibhrama (विभ्रम, “confusion”) refers to one of the ten “natural graces” of women (svābhāvikā), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. These natural graces, also known as svabhāvaja or sahaja, represent one of the three aspects of graces (alaṃkāra) which forms which forms the support of sentiments (rasa) in drama. The natural graces (such as vibhrama) are defined according to the science of sāmānyābhinaya, or “harmonious representation”.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “inversion of various items such as words, gestures, dresses, and make-up and sattva due to intoxication, passion and joy, is called ‘confusion’ (vibhrama)”.

2) Vibhramā (विभ्रमा) is the name of a meter described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“the metre which has in its feet of fourteen syllables the ninth, the twelfth, the thirteenth and the last long, is vibhramā”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: academia.edu: Yakṣiṇī-sādhana in the Kakṣapuṭa tantra

Vibhramā (विभ्रमा) is the name of one of the thirty-two Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra. In the yakṣiṇī-sādhana, the Yakṣiṇī is regarded as the guardian spirit who provides worldly benefits to the practitioner. The Yakṣiṇī (eg., Vibhramā) provides, inter alia, daily food, clothing and money, tells the future, and bestows a long life, but she seldom becomes a partner in sexual practices.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Vibhrama (विभ्रम) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Vibhrama] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vibhrama (विभ्रम).—m S Error. 2 Whirling. 3 One of the classes of feminine actions proceeding from the passion of love,--caprice or whim. See under bhāva.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vibhrama (विभ्रम).—m Error, mistake.

--- OR ---

vibhrama (विभ्रम).—m Error; whirling.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vibhrama (विभ्रम).—1 Roaming or wandering about.

2) Whirling or going round, rolling about; निवृत्तसर्वेन्द्रियवृत्तिविभ्रमः (nivṛttasarvendriyavṛttivibhramaḥ) Bhāg.1.9.31.

3) Error, mistake, blunder.

4) Hury, confusion, flurry, perturbation; especially, the flurry, of mind caused by love; चित्तवृत्त्यनवस्थानं शृङ्गाराद्विभ्रमो भवेत् (cittavṛttyanavasthānaṃ śṛṅgārādvibhramo bhavet).

5) (Hence) Putting on ornaments &c. in wrong places through flurry; विभ्रमस्त्वरयाऽकाले भूषास्थानविपर्ययः (vibhramastvarayā'kāle bhūṣāsthānaviparyayaḥ); यश्चाप्सरोविभ्रममण्डनानां संपादयित्रीं शिखरैर्बिभर्ति (yaścāpsarovibhramamaṇḍanānāṃ saṃpādayitrīṃ śikharairbibharti) Ku.1.4; (see Malli. thereon).

6) Any amorous or sportive action, amorous paly or movement; Māl.1.26; नवप्रणयविभ्रमा- कुलितमालतीदृष्टयः (navapraṇayavibhramā- kulitamālatīdṛṣṭayaḥ) 9.38.

7) Beauty, grace, charm; तदा तद- ङ्गस्य बिभर्ति विभ्रमम् (tadā tada- ṅgasya bibharti vibhramam) N.15.25; U.1.2,34;6.4; Śi.6.46; 7.15;16.64; Māl.7; क्रोधं स्मितं च कुसुमाभरणादि याच्ञा तद्वर्जनं च सहसैव विमण्डनं च । आक्षिप्य कान्तवचनं लपनं सखीभि- र्निष्कारणोत्थितगतं वद विभ्रमं तत् (krodhaṃ smitaṃ ca kusumābharaṇādi yācñā tadvarjanaṃ ca sahasaiva vimaṇḍanaṃ ca | ākṣipya kāntavacanaṃ lapanaṃ sakhībhi- rniṣkāraṇotthitagataṃ vada vibhramaṃ tat) ||

8) Doubt, apprehension; आमुक्तमिव पाखण्डं योऽधर्मे धर्मविभ्रमः (āmuktamiva pākhaṇḍaṃ yo'dharme dharmavibhramaḥ) Bhāg.4.19.12.

9) Caprice, whim.

1) Disturbance, perturbation; ऊर्मिव्यतिकरविभ्रमप्रचण्डः (ūrmivyatikaravibhramapracaṇḍaḥ) Mv.6.26.

11) Pride; दीर्घमायुः स मे प्रादात्ततो मां विभ्रमोऽस्पृशत् (dīrghamāyuḥ sa me prādāttato māṃ vibhramo'spṛśat) Rām.3.71.9.

Derivable forms: vibhramaḥ (विभ्रमः).

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Vibhramā (विभ्रमा).—Old age.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vibhrama (विभ्रम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. One of the classes of feminine actions proceeding from the passion of love, flurry, confusion. 2. Error, mistake blunder. 3. Hurry, flurry. 4. Doubt, apprehension. 5. Beauty. 6. Whirling, going round. 7. Wandering. 8. Whim, caprice. 9. Amorous gesture. f.

(-mā) Old age. E. vi before bhram to err, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vibhrama (विभ्रम).—[vi-bhram + a], m. 1. Whirling, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 140; going round, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 20, 226 (agitation); motion, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 15, 12. 2. Error, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 23, 3 (hāra-, adj. Producing the error of a necklace, i. e. like a necklace); [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 332 (babhruḥ

— saṭā-pāṭala-vibhramam, Could be mistaken for [i. e. were like] a Bignonia-like mane). 3. Erroneous use, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 24. 4. Doubt. 5. Play (of the eyes), [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 23. 6. Amorous actions, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 151; flurry, confusion, perturbation, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 2, 63. 7. Enrapture, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 155, 7. 8. Beauty, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 3; grace, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 14, 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vibhrama (विभ्रम).—[masculine] unsteady motion, flurry, going to and fro, [especially] of the eyes; coquetry, grace, beauty; confusion, agitation, error, mistake; erroneous application of ([genetive]); mistaking for, phantom or mere semblance of (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vibhrama (विभ्रम):—[=vi-bhrama] [from vi-bhram] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) moving to and fro, rolling or whirling about, restlessness, unsteadiness, [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

2) [v.s. ...] violence, excess, intensity, high degree (also [plural]), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] hurry, rapture, agitation, disturbance, perturbation, confusion, flurry, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] doubt, error, mistake, blunder (with daṇḍasya, ‘erroneous application of punishment’), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] illusion, illusive appearance or mere semblance of anything, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc. (cf. -bhāṣita)

6) [v.s. ...] beauty, grace, [Kālidāsa; Mālatīmādhava]

7) [v.s. ...] feminine coquetry, amorous gestures or action of any kind ([especially] play of the eyes), perturbation, flurry (as when a woman in her confusion puts her ornaments in the wrong places), [Bharata-nāṭya-śāstra; Daśarūpa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] caprice, whim, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

9) Vibhramā (विभ्रमा):—[=vi-bhramā] [from vi-bhrama > vi-bhram] f. old age, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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