Vibheda, Vibhēda: 17 definitions
Vibheda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Vibhed.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Vibheda (विभेद) refers to “dissension” (among friends), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 10), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the course of Saturn should lie through the constellation of Viśākhā, the Trigartas, the Chinese and the Kulūtas, saffron, lac, crops and everything of bright, red or crimson colour will suffer. If the course of Saturn should lie through the constellation of Anurādhā, the Kulūtas, the Taṅgaṇas, the Khasas, the people of Kāśmīra, ministers, drivers and bell-ringers will suffer, and friends will turn into enemies [i.e., vibheda—vibhedaśca mitrāṇām]”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Vibheda (विभेद) refers to “pervade (one another)”, according to the Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya verse 7.193cd-195.— Accordingly, “That is the plane of repose, illumined by Kālī's radiant energy. Consciousness awakens consciousness that has been awakened by its own consciousness. They pervade (vibheda) one another in accord with the activity of the Wheel (of the Twelve Kālīs). The most excellent (transcendental) Void above is the Skyfarer who has entered into the plane of the plane of its own (innate nature). In the same way, the pulse (of the activity of consciousness) pulsates most intensely by the manifestation of that vitality. Once abandoned Time, Eternity and one's own time, one should bring (all these energies) to rest within bliss. Once made contact with the circle of the energy of consciousness, the yogi sports in that bliss”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Vibheda (विभेद) refers to “(creating) discord”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as Gaganagañja said to Ratnapāṇi: “Son of good family, those sixty-four dharmas are included in one hundred twenty-eight dharmas. What are those one hundred twenty-four? [...] (13) getting rid of the three defilements is included in the contemplation of offensive things and the contemplation of friendliness; (14) cultivating the three gates of freedom is included in the absence of personality and the ultimate truth; (15) the absence of harshness is included in benefits and happiness; (16) no slander is included in nor creating discord (vibheda) and reconciliation; [...]’”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)
Vibheda (विभेद) refers to the “distinction” (between the physical and mental), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “That, which is the restraint of all influx of karma, is called ‘stopping the influx of karma’. Further, that is divided in two on account of the distinction between what is physical and what is mental (dravyabhāva-vibheda). That, which is the cessation of the acquisition of karmic material of an ascetic, is declared by those whose sins are removed by meditation to be the physical stopping of the influx of karma”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geography
Vibheda.—(IE 8-4), subdivision of a khaṇḍa of Bhārata or Bhārata-varsa. Note: vibheda is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
vibhēda (विभेद).—m S Separating or dividing : also separated or divided state. 2 Intermingling : also intermixture.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Breaking asunder, dividing.
2) Division, separation.
4) Perplexing, bewildering.
6) Enmity, opposition.
7) Variety, distinction.
8) Knitting, contraction (of the brows).
Derivable forms: vibhedaḥ (विभेदः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-daḥ) 1. Dividing, breaking. 2. Wounding, piercing. 3. Variety, distinction. 4. Bewildering, perplexing. 5. A division or separation. 6. Enmity, opposition. 7. Contradiction. E. vi before bhid to break, ghañ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vibheda (विभेद).—i. e. vi-bhid + a, m. 1. Dividing, [Kirātārjunīya] 13, 1. 2. Breaking, violating, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 124. 3. Wounding. 4. Bewildering. 5. A separation. 6. Distinction. 7. Contradiction. 8. Enmity.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vibheda (विभेद).—[masculine] breaking, splitting, piercing; bending, contracting (of the eyebrows), change, alteration; interruption, disturbance; falling asunder, decay; discord, difference.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vibheda (विभेद):—[=vi-bheda] [from vi-bhid] m. breaking asunder, splitting, piercing, division, separation, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] knitting, contraction (of the brows), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]
3) [v.s. ...] interruption, disturbance, [Bālarāmāyaṇa]
4) [v.s. ...] change, alteration, [Caraka]
5) [v.s. ...] diverging (in opinion), dissension, disagreeing with (samam), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
6) [v.s. ...] distinction, variety, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Kathāsaritsāgara; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vibheda (विभेद):—[vi-bheda] (daḥ) 1. m. Severing; piercing; division; variance; distinction; perplexing; opposition.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Vibheda (विभेद) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vibheda, Vibheya.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Vibheda (विभेद) [Also spelled vibhed]:—(nm) variety, kind; subdivision, distinction, difference, discrimination; ~[ka/kārī] differentiating, discriminating; ~[na] differentiation / differentiating; penetration, piercing, splitting; hence [vibhedī].
Vibheda (विभेद) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Vibheda.
Vibheda has the following synonyms: Vibheya.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
1) [noun] the act of breaking (into pieces).
2) [noun] a part or portion of a whole; a division.
3) [noun] a kind, type or sort.
4) [noun] the degree by which one differs from another; difference.
5) [noun] opposition; resistance.
6) [noun] the act of separating the grain from the ears after the crop is harvested.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Vibhedaka, Vibhedana.
Ends with: Bhruvibheda, Caravibheda, Manavibheda, Rahasyavibheda, Ravibheda, Romavibheda.
Full-text: Rahasyavibheda, Romavibheda, Vibheya, Vibbedha, Bhruvibheda, Vibhed, Hanadana, Plaksha, Dravyabhava, Dravya, Shakti, Bhava.
Search found 5 books and stories containing Vibheda, Vibhēda, Vi-bheda; (plurals include: Vibhedas, Vibhēdas, bhedas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Shishupala-vadha (Study) (by Shila Chakraborty)
Knowledge of Dhanurveda in the Śiśupālavadha < [Introduction]
The influence of Kālidāsa, Bhāravi and Bhaṭṭi on the Śiśupālavadha < [Introduction]
Shat-cakra-nirupana (the six bodily centres) (by Arthur Avalon)
Verse 25 < [Section 4]
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verse 4.6 < [Chapter 4 - Jñāna-Yoga (Yoga through Transcendental Knowledge)]
Shri Gaudiya Kanthahara (by Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati)
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 1.14.104 < [Chapter 14 - The Lord’s Travel to East Bengal and the Disappearance of Lakṣmīpriyā]