Vibheda, Vibhēda: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Vibheda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vibhed.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Vibheda (विभेद) refers to “dissension” (among friends), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 10), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the course of Saturn should lie through the constellation of Viśākhā, the Trigartas, the Chinese and the Kulūtas, saffron, lac, crops and everything of bright, red or crimson colour will suffer. If the course of Saturn should lie through the constellation of Anurādhā, the Kulūtas, the Taṅgaṇas, the Khasas, the people of Kāśmīra, ministers, drivers and bell-ringers will suffer, and friends will turn into enemies [i.e., vibhedavibhedaśca mitrāṇām]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vibheda (विभेद) refers to “pervade (one another)”, according to the Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya verse 7.193cd-195.— Accordingly, “That is the plane of repose, illumined by Kālī's radiant energy. Consciousness awakens consciousness that has been awakened by its own consciousness. They pervade (vibheda) one another in accord with the activity of the Wheel (of the Twelve Kālīs). The most excellent (transcendental) Void above is the Skyfarer who has entered into the plane of the plane of its own (innate nature). In the same way, the pulse (of the activity of consciousness) pulsates most intensely by the manifestation of that vitality. Once abandoned Time, Eternity and one's own time, one should bring (all these energies) to rest within bliss. Once made contact with the circle of the energy of consciousness, the yogi sports in that bliss”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vibheda in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Vibheda (विभेद) refers to the “distinction (of day and night)”, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] The Yogin should not wake by day and should not sleep even for a fraction of the night. Night and day, the Yogin always sleeps in the natural [no-mind] state. For a man who remains in the pure, natural [no-mind state], there is not even the distinction of day and night (divārātri-vibheda), because [that] place is the bliss of mere consciousness, which is free from wakefulness and sleep. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Vibheda (विभेद) refers to “(creating) discord”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as Gaganagañja said to Ratnapāṇi: “Son of good family, those sixty-four dharmas are included in one hundred twenty-eight dharmas. What are those one hundred twenty-four? [...] (13) getting rid of the three defilements is included in the contemplation of offensive things and the contemplation of friendliness; (14) cultivating the three gates of freedom is included in the absence of personality and the ultimate truth; (15) the absence of harshness is included in benefits and happiness; (16) no slander is included in nor creating discord (vibheda) and reconciliation; [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Vibheda (विभेद) refers to the “distinction” (between the physical and mental), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “That, which is the restraint of all influx of karma, is called ‘stopping the influx of karma’. Further, that is divided in two on account of the distinction between what is physical and what is mental (dravyabhāva-vibheda). That, which is the cessation of the acquisition of karmic material of an ascetic, is declared by those whose sins are removed by meditation to be the physical stopping of the influx of karma”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vibheda.—(IE 8-4), subdivision of a khaṇḍa of Bhārata or Bhārata-varsa. Note: vibheda is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vibhēda (विभेद).—m S Separating or dividing : also separated or divided state. 2 Intermingling : also intermixture.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vibheda (विभेद).—

1) Breaking asunder, dividing.

2) Division, separation.

3) Wounding.

4) Perplexing, bewildering.

5) Contradiction.

6) Enmity, opposition.

7) Variety, distinction.

8) Knitting, contraction (of the brows).

Derivable forms: vibhedaḥ (विभेदः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vibheda (विभेद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. Dividing, breaking. 2. Wounding, piercing. 3. Variety, distinction. 4. Bewildering, perplexing. 5. A division or separation. 6. Enmity, opposition. 7. Contradiction. E. vi before bhid to break, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vibheda (विभेद).—i. e. vi-bhid + a, m. 1. Dividing, [Kirātārjunīya] 13, 1. 2. Breaking, violating, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 124. 3. Wounding. 4. Bewildering. 5. A separation. 6. Distinction. 7. Contradiction. 8. Enmity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vibheda (विभेद).—[masculine] breaking, splitting, piercing; bending, contracting (of the eyebrows), change, alteration; interruption, disturbance; falling asunder, decay; discord, difference.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vibheda (विभेद):—[=vi-bheda] [from vi-bhid] m. breaking asunder, splitting, piercing, division, separation, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] knitting, contraction (of the brows), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] interruption, disturbance, [Bālarāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] change, alteration, [Caraka]

5) [v.s. ...] diverging (in opinion), dissension, disagreeing with (samam), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] distinction, variety, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Kathāsaritsāgara; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vibheda (विभेद):—[vi-bheda] (daḥ) 1. m. Severing; piercing; division; variance; distinction; perplexing; opposition.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vibheda (विभेद) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vibheda, Vibheya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vibheda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vibheda in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vibheda (विभेद) [Also spelled vibhed]:—(nm) variety, kind; subdivision, distinction, difference, discrimination; ~[ka/kārī] differentiating, discriminating; ~[na] differentiation / differentiating; penetration, piercing, splitting; hence [vibhedī].

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Vibheda (विभेद) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Vibheda.

Vibheda has the following synonyms: Vibheya.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vibhēda (ವಿಭೇದ):—

1) [noun] the act of breaking (into pieces).

2) [noun] a part or portion of a whole; a division.

3) [noun] a kind, type or sort.

4) [noun] the degree by which one differs from another; difference.

5) [noun] opposition; resistance.

6) [noun] the act of separating the grain from the ears after the crop is harvested.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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