Vibhitaka, Vibhītaka: 14 definitions
Vibhitaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Vibhītaka (विभीतक) is a Sanskrit word referring to Terminalia bellirica, a deciduous tree from the Combretaceae family of flowering plants. It can also be spelled as Bibhītaka, Vibhītakī or Bibhītakī. and is also known as Akṣa. In English, the tree is known as the “bastard myrobala”, “Bahera” or “Beleric”. It is a deciduous tree growing up to 30 meters in height. It has bad-smelling greenish yellow flowers with ovoid fruits. It grows all over India up to 900m elevation.
This plant (Vibhītaka) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of the Triphalā group of medicinal drugs.Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Vibhītaka (विभीतक) refers to the “fruit of Terminallia” and represents a type of fruit-bearing plant, according to the Mahābhārata Anuśāsanaparva 53.19 , and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—We can see the description of flowering and fruit bearing plants in Ṛgveda. But we come across the specific names of them only in the later Saṃhita and Brāhmaṇa literature. [...] From the epics, we know that the hermits generally lived on fruits, roots and tubers. Mahābhārata the commonly used fruits are kāsmarya, iṅguda, śṛṅgāṭaka, bhallātaka (marking nut), the fruits of plakṣa (fig tree), aśvattha (pipal tree), vibhītaka (fruit of Terminallia) and pīlu (Salvadora persica).Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā
Vibhītaka (विभीतक) (one of the Triphala) refers to the medicinal plant Terminalia bellerica Roxb., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal. The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Vibhītaka] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Vibhītaka (विभीतक) refers to Terminalia bellerica, according to chapter 2.1 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Note: The leaves of the Terminalia (i.e., vibhītaka) grow in bunches at the ends of the branches, so it gives little shade.
Accordingly, as king Vimalavāhana said to his ministers: “Gentlemen, just as we are king in this house by succession, so you are ministers with the one great vow of your master’s good. [...] This service to sense-objects, which produces nothing worthwhile at maturity, has been made by me with little wit, like resorting to the shade of a vibhītaka tree. Blameless kings were struck down by me intolerant of others’ powers in the expedition of conquest, like elephants by a rutting elephant”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
vibhītaka : (m.) Beleric Myrobalan.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Vibhītaka, (& °ṭaka) (cp. *Sk. vibhīta & °ka) the plant Terminalia belerica; beleric myrobolan. Dice were made from its fruits, which are also used as medicine (intoxicant); its flowers smell vilely.—Vin. I, 201; J. III, 161; V, 363; VI, 529. (Page 630)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vibhītaka (विभीतक).—m S See bibhītaka.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Vibhītaka (विभीतक).—Name of tree, Terminalia Belerica, one of the three myrobalans.
Derivable forms: vibhītakaḥ (विभीतकः), vibhītakam (विभीतकम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Beleric myrobalan, (Terminalia belerica.) E. vibhīta fearless, kan aff. “vaheḍā iti bhāṣā .”Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vibhītaka (विभीतक).—[vi-bhīta + ka] (vb. bhī), m., f. (kī), A plant, Terminalia belerica, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 52, 15 (m.).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vibhītaka (विभीतक).—[masculine] [Name] of a tree; [neuter] its nut (used for dicing).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vibhītaka (विभीतक):—[=vi-bhītaka] [from vi] a See sub voce
2) [from vibhīta] b m. (or f(ī). ) the tree Terminalia Bellerica
3) [v.s. ...] n. its berry (used as a die), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vibhītaka (विभीतक):—[(kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) a.] Beleric myrobalan.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Partial matches: Vi.
Full-text (+11): Vriddhavibhitaka, Vibhita, Mustadi, Vibhitakaminjiya, Vaibhitaka, Vaibhidaka, Vaibhita, Vibhitaki, Vaheda, Priyalatalakharjuraharitakivibhitaka, Kusika, Karsha, Triphala, Triphaladi, Pravata, Bibhitaka, Bahuvirya, Jvarahara, Inguda, Pilu.
Search found 19 books and stories containing Vibhitaka, Vibhītaka, Vi-bhitaka, Vi-bhītaka; (plurals include: Vibhitakas, Vibhītakas, bhitakas, bhītakas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CCIV - Various other medicinal Recipes (continued) < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Chapter CCVIII - Aphrodisiacs, Love, charms, etc. < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Chapter CCXXVII - Different names of the Ayurvedic Drugs < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 6: Uttara-tantra (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter XLIV - Symptoms and Treatment of Jaundice (Pandu-roga) < [Canto III - Kaya-chikitsa-tantra (internal medicine)]
Chapter XI - Treatment of Shleshma Ophthalmia < [Canto I - Shalakya-tantra (ears, eyes, nose, mouth and throat)]
Chapter LIV - Symptoms and Treatment of Worms (Krimi-roga) < [Canto III - Kaya-chikitsa-tantra (internal medicine)]
Apastamba Dharma-sutra (by Āpastamba)
Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
The Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)