Vibhitaka, Vibhītaka: 11 definitions

Introduction

Vibhitaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vibhitaka in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vibhītaka (विभीतक) is a Sanskrit word referring to Terminalia bellirica, a deciduous tree from the Combretaceae family of flowering plants. It can also be spelled as Bibhītaka, Vibhītakī or Bibhītakī. and is also known as Akṣa. In English, the tree is known as the “bastard myrobala”, “Bahera” or “Beleric”. It is a deciduous tree growing up to 30 meters in height. It has bad-smelling greenish yellow flowers with ovoid fruits. It grows all over India up to 900m elevation.

This plant (Vibhītaka) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of the Triphalā group of medicinal drugs.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Vibhītaka (विभीतक) refers to the “fruit of Terminallia” and represents a type of fruit-bearing plant, according to the Mahābhārata Anuśāsanaparva 53.19 , and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—We can see the description of flowering and fruit bearing plants in Ṛgveda. But we come across the specific names of them only in the later Saṃhita and Brāhmaṇa literature. [...] From the epics, we know that the hermits generally lived on fruits, roots and tubers. Mahābhārata the commonly used fruits are kāsmarya, iṅguda, śṛṅgāṭaka, bhallātaka (marking nut), the fruits of plakṣa (fig tree), aśvattha (pipal tree), vibhītaka (fruit of Terminallia) and pīlu (Salvadora persica).

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Vibhītaka (विभीतक) (one of the Triphala) refers to the medicinal plant Terminalia bellerica Roxb., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Vibhītaka] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vibhitaka in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vibhītaka : (m.) Beleric Myrobalan.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vibhītaka, (& °ṭaka) (cp. *Sk. vibhīta & °ka) the plant Terminalia belerica; beleric myrobolan. Dice were made from its fruits, which are also used as medicine (intoxicant); its flowers smell vilely.—Vin. I, 201; J. III, 161; V, 363; VI, 529. (Page 630)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vibhitaka in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vibhītaka (विभीतक).—m S See bibhītaka.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vibhitaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vibhītaka (विभीतक).—Name of tree, Terminalia Belerica, one of the three myrobalans.

Derivable forms: vibhītakaḥ (विभीतकः), vibhītakam (विभीतकम्).

See also (synonyms): vibhīta, vibhītakī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vibhītaka (विभीतक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Beleric myrobalan, (Terminalia belerica.) E. vibhīta fearless, kan aff. “vaheḍā iti bhāṣā .”

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vibhītaka (विभीतक).—[masculine] [Name] of a tree; [neuter] its nut (used for dicing).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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