Atodya, aka: Ātodya; 6 Definition(s)


Atodya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Ātodya (आतोद्य) refers to “instrumental music”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 6.10 and chapter 28. It is also known as vādya.

There are four kinds of ‘musical instruments’ defined:

  1. tata (‘stringed’, instruments with strings ),
  2. avanaddha (‘covered’, drums etc.),
  3. ghana (‘solid’, cymbals etc.),
  4. suṣira (‘hollow’, flutes etc.).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “in connexion with the dramatic performance (nāṭaka) they have threefold application: that in which the stringed instruments (tata) preponderate, that in which the drums (avanaddha) preponderate, and their general application during the dramatic performance (nāṭyakṛta)”.

2) Ātodya (आतोद्य) refers to “drums” (muraja) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “Vajrekṣaṇa, Śaṅkukarṇa and Mahāgrāmaṇī are said to be gods of Murajas (drums). Mṛdaṅgas are so called because of being made of mṛt (earth), and they are called Bhāṇḍas because they bhramayati (move about). Murajas are so called because they are placed in an upright position (ūrdhvakaraṇa), and they are called Ātodya because of relating to todanā (striking)”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Ātodya (आतोद्य).—The musical instruments (ātodya) are of four kinds. Their characters are:

  1. tata (stringed),
  2. avanaddha (covered),
  3. ghana (solid),
  4. suṣira (with holes).

Tata is known to be connected with the stringed lyre; Avanaddha is connected with drum; Ghana is cymbal or gong; and Suṣira is flute.

Source: Google Books: Indian Literary Criticism
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Ātodya (आतोद्य) or Ātodyāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Prodgītāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (eg., Ātodya Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (eg., Prodgīta-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geogprahy

Ātodya.—(EI 23), music. Note: ātodya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ātodya (आतोद्य).—A musical instrument; आतोद्यविन्यासादिका विधयः (ātodyavinyāsādikā vidhayaḥ) Ve.1; स्रजमातोद्यशिरोनिवेशिताम् (srajamātodyaśironiveśitām) R.8.34, 15.88; U.7.

Derivable forms: ātodyam (आतोद्यम्).

See also (synonyms): ātodyaka.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ātodya (आतोद्य).—n.

(-dyaṃ) A musical instrument. E. āṅ before tuda to torment, ṇyat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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