Utpala; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Utpala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Utpala (उत्पल) is a Sanskrit word referring to Nymphaea alba (white water rose), a plant species in the Nymphaeaceae family. Certain plant parts of Utpala are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 10.195), Utpala is identified with Nymphaea stellata (commonly known as Nymphaea nouchali, blue lotus), and lists the following synonyms: Anuṣṇa, Rātripuṣpa, Jalāhvaya, Himābja, Śītajalaja and Niśāphulla. The same work mentions Nymphaea alba as Dhavalotpala, being a variety of Utpala.

Properties according to Caraka-saṃhitā: The various types of Utpala are astringent and useful in internal haemorrhage.

Properties according to the Rājanighaṇṭu: Utpala is cooling, tasty and a cure for rakta-pitta (bleeding tendencies). It is beneficially indicated in burning sensations, exhaustion, vomiting, illusion, worms and fevers.

Usage: The rhizomes, tender leaves and peduncles are used as a pot-herb. Powdered rhizomes are given in piles, diarrhoea and dyspepsia. Infusion is emolient and diuretic and used in urinary tract disorders. Leaves are indicated in erysipelas. Seeds stomachic and restorative and are called Berā or Bhenṭ in Bihar. The decoction of flowers is narcotic.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Utpala (उत्पल).—Author of a commentary on Pāṇini's Liṅgānuśāsana. It is doubtful whether he was the same as उत्पलभट्ट (utpalabhaṭṭa) or ‌भट्टोत्पल (bhaṭṭotpala), the famous astrologer of the tenth century.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Utpala (उत्पल) refers to the name of a Forest mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.85.11). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Utpala) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

1) Utpala (उत्पल).—According to appendix 6 at Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter IV.—When he was king Utpala, the Bodhisattva wrote a text of the Dharma with one of his broken bones as pen, his marrow as ink and his skin as parchment. This episode is told in the Kien yu king and P’ou sa pen jing king. The scene occurred at the Monastery of the Lentils (masūra-saṃghārāma) at Gumbatai, near Tursak, in Buner, and was visited by Song Yun and by Hiuan tsang. This episode is also told in the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra, but the hero is the brahmin Ngai fa (Dharmarakta) or Lo fa (Dharmarata); besides, he writes the stanza “with his skin as parchment and his blood as ink”; there is no mention of marrow. Thus it is possible that the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra, speaking of the “gift of marrow” was not thinking of this episode.

Note: In the “gift of marrow”, Lamotte rather see an allusion to the Jātaka where prince Candraprabha “broke one of his bones and pushed out the marrow to cure a sick man.” This deed is told by the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra. It is also known to the Ratnakūta where the prince, like the Ṛṣi mentioned above is called Utpala. Also see the Candraprabha-jātaka from the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XX).

2) Utpala (उत्पल) is the name of a hell according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXII).—Accordingly, “Twenty stays in the Huhuva hell equals one stay in the Ngeou po lo (Utpala) hell. – Twenty stays in the Utpala hell equal one stay in the Fen t’o li kia (Puṇḍarīka) hell”.

3) Utpala (उत्पल) refers to one of the “eight hells of cold water” forming part of the sixteen utsadas (secondary hells) sitauted outside of the eight great hells, according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—Accordingly, “in the Utpala hell, the ice and mud are like a blue lotus (nīlotpala)”.

Note: According to the Kośa, III, p. 154, Utpala and Padma indicate the shape taken by the damned: they are like a blue or red lotus. According to the Chinese sources studied by Beal, Catena, p. 63, the inmates of Utpala and Padma are covered with spots resembling blue and red lotuses respectively.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Utpala (उत्पल) refers to the “blue-lotus hell” and represents one of the “eight cold hells” (śīta-naraka) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 122). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., utpala). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Utpala (उत्पल) refers to the “blue lotus”: a type of flower (puṣpa) commonly used in for personal and commercial purposes in ancient India. People were fond of flowers. The groves and gardens were maintained for recreational purpose. The Jain canonical texts frequently mention different horticulture products viz. fruits, vegetables and flowers which depict that horticulture was a popular pursuit of the people at that time. Gardens and parks (ārāma, ujjāṇa or nijjaṇa) were full of fruits and flowers of various kinds which besides yielding their products provided a calm andquiet place where people could enjoy the natural surroundings.

The flowers (eg., Utpala) fulfilled the aesthetic needs of the people. At the same time they had an economic importance in as much as some people depended on its trade. It is mentioned that people of Koṅkaṇa maintained themselves by selling fruits and flowers. (see Bṛhatkalpasūtra) Flower garlands and bouquet of various designs were prepared and sold. Saffron (kuṃkuma or kesara) was an important flower product. It yielded a good income to the producers. The flower attracted the bees who yielded honey (mahu, sanskrit: madhu) of different varieties, e. g. macchiya, kuṭṭiya, bhāmara, etc.

Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 46 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Utpaladi
Utpalādi (उत्पलादि) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified as alle...
Mahotpala
Mahotpala (महोत्पल).—a large blue lotus. -laḥ the Sārasa bird. Derivable forms: mahotpalam (महो...
Utpalamala
Utpalamālā (उत्पलमाला).—Name of a lexicon compiled by Utpala Utpalamālā is a Sanskrit compound ...
Dhavalotpala
Dhavalotpala (धवलोत्पल).—the white water-lily (said to open at moonrise). Derivable forms: dhav...
Utpalaksha
Utpalākṣa (उत्पलाक्ष).—a. lotus-eyed. Utpalākṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ...
Utpalapatra
Utpalapatra (उत्पलपत्र).—1) a lotus-leaf. 2) a wound on the breast caused by a female's finger-...
Mukutotpala
Mukuṭotpala (मुकुटोत्पल).—a crest-gem.Derivable forms: mukuṭotpalaḥ (मुकुटोत्पलः).Mukuṭotpala i...
Utpalabha
Utpalābha (उत्पलाभ).—a. lotus-like. Utpalābha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ut...
Utpalagandhika
Utpalagandhika (उत्पलगन्धिक).—a variety of sandal of the colour of brass (which is very fragran...
Drumotpala
Drumotpala (द्रुमोत्पल).—the Karṇikāra tree. द्रुमोत्पलः कर्णिकारः (drumotpalaḥ karṇikāraḥ) Ak....
Utpalacakshus
Utpalacakṣus (उत्पलचक्षुस्).—a. lotus-eyed. Utpalacakṣus is a Sanskrit compound consisting of t...
Utpalaraja
Utpalarāja (उत्पलराज).—Name of a poet. Derivable forms: utpalarājaḥ (उत्पलराजः).Utpalarāja is a...
Utpalabhedyaka
Utpalabhedyaka (उत्पलभेद्यक).—a kind of bandage. Derivable forms: utpalabhedyakaḥ (उत्पलभेद्यकः...
Asitotpala
Asitotpala (असितोत्पल).—the blue lotus. Derivable forms: asitotpalam (असितोत्पलम्).Asitotpala i...
Shravanotpala
Śravaṇotpala (श्रवणोत्पल).—a lotus fastened in the ear. Derivable forms: śravaṇotpalam (श्रवणोत...

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