Utkramana, aka: Utkramaṇa; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Utkramana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[Utkramana in Jyotisha glossaries]

Utkramaṇa (उत्क्रमण).—(also known as utkramajyā) R versed sine. Note: Utkramaṇa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

(Source): Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[Utkramana in Shaivism glossaries]

Utkramana (उत्क्रमन) or Utkrānti refers to the “yoga of dying” according to Tantric texts such as the Kubjikāmatatantra and Saṃvarodayatantra.—When a practitioner realizes that his death is approaching through signs of death, the second option that he can take is to prepare for death. Utkramaṇa or Utkrānti is well known in Tantric texts as the yoga for preparing for death. In this yoga, a practitioner pulls his prāṇa out of his body and attains mokṣa or liberation. The practitioner shuts all holes in his body, i.e. anus, genitals, navel, mouth, nose, ears and eyes; then he pulls out his prāṇa through brahmarandhra, i.e. the aperture in the crown of the head. This yogic practice presumes a link between the next world, where the person will be reborn, and a hole through which oneʼs prāṇa gets away from oneʼs body.

The Kubjikāmatatantra 23.112-119 explains the yoga of dying in detail, mentioning an āsana or sitting posture called Kukkuṭāsana (sometimes suggested as utkatāsana), which is effective for shutting all holes in the body. The Saṃvarodayatantra 19.27-39 also explains the procedure of the yoga of dying and the relationship between the next world where a person will be reborn and the hole through which oneʼs prāṇa gets away from the body.

(Source): academia.edu: Chapter Nineteen of the Kakṣapuṭatantra
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Utkramana in Marathi glossaries]

utkramaṇa (उत्क्रमण).—n S Proceeding up or out; ascending, soaring; departure, egress.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Utkramana in Sanskrit glossaries]

Utkramaṇa (उत्क्रमण).—

1) Going up or out, departure.

2) Ascent, soaring aloft.

3) Surpassing, exceeding.

4) The flight or passage of the soul (out of the body), i. e. death (= prāṇotkramaṇam) देहादुत्क्रमणं चास्मात्पुनर्गर्भे च संभवम् (dehādutkramaṇaṃ cāsmātpunargarbhe ca saṃbhavam) Ms.6.63; विष्वङ्ङ्न्या उत्क्रमणे भवन्ति (viṣvaṅṅnyā utkramaṇe bhavanti) Kaṭh.2.6.16; Ch. Up.8.6.6.

Derivable forms: utkramaṇam (उत्क्रमणम्).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 2 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Utkranti
Utkrānti (उत्क्रान्ति) refers to the “yogic suicide” and is dealt with in the Yogapāda section ...
Utkramajya
Utkramajyā (उत्क्रमज्या).—(also known as utkramaṇa) R versed sine. Note: Utkramajyā is a Sanskr...

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