Caidya, Caidyā: 12 definitions


Caidya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaidya.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Caidya (चैद्य).—Śiśupāla, king of Cedi. Dhṛṣṭaketu, King of Cedi, is also known by this name. It was this Caidya who led the Krauñcavyūha created by Dhṛṣṭadyumna in the great battle. (Krauñcavyūha = A battle array in the shape of a stork). (Śloka 47, Chapter 50, Bhīṣma Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Caidya (चैद्य).—A son of Yudhiṣṭhira's aunt and Damaghoṣa and brother of Dantavaktra. Both were once attendants on Hari and born on earth by the curse of Brahmanas. It happened thus. Once Sananda and other sons of Brahmā went to Viṣṇuloka and were prevented by them, as doorkeepers, from entering Vaikuṇṭha. Hence they were cursed to be born as Asuras. They were born as Hiraṇyakaśipu and Hiraṇyākṣa, then as Rāvaṇa and Kumbhakarṇa, and now as Caidya and Dantavaktra.1 Hated Kṛṣṇa, beaten by him in svyaṃvara. An ally of Jarāsandha, he was stationed at the eastern gate of Mathurā. Kṛṣṇa directed his attack against Caidya. The fight and end of Caidya.2 His name was proposed by Rukmiṇi's elder brother for marriage. Went to Kuṇḍina ready to marry Rukmiṇī; distressed at her being taken away by Kṛṣṇa and his friend Rukmi's defeat; he was consoled by Jarāsandha and returned to his city.3 An enemy of Kṛṣṇa, he attained yoga at the Rājasūya. He attained Hariloka through hatred. (See Śiśupāla).4 Married Śrutaśravas who gave birth to Sunita.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 10. 35-46.
  • 2) Ib. I. 10. 29; X. 50. 11 [2], 20-24. [1-15].
  • 3) Ib. ch. 52. (whole); 53. 14-16; 54. 10-17.
  • 4) Ib. III. 2. 19; VII. 1. 13-15 and 30.
  • 5) Matsya-purāṇa 46. 6.

1b) Is Śiśupāla.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 157.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Caidya (चैद्य) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.46.45) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Caidya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Caidyā also refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.86).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Caidya (चैद्य) is the name of an ancient kingdom or tribe of people, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the stars of the constellation of Mūla should be dimmed by the tails of or appear to be in contact with malefic comets, the rulers of Andhra and of Madra will perish; if those of Pūrvāṣādha, the ruler of Benares will perish; if those of Uttarāṣādha, the rulers of Yaudheya, of Arjunāyana, of Śibi and of Caidya will perish”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Caidya (चैद्य) (in Chinese: Tche-t'i-ye) refers to one of the fifty-five kingdoms enumerated in chapter 17 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—In the Candragarbhasūtra, the Bhagavat invites all classes of Gods and Deities to protect the Law [dharma?] and the faithful in their respective districts.—In Caidya, the following deities are appointed (among others): The Devaputra Subhadra; the Gandharva Aṭaka; the Kinnara Amala; the Nāga Sabhadra [?]; the Kumbhāṇḍa Gorāja [?]; the Godddess Utpalā.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caidya (चैद्य).—Name of Śiśupāla; अभिचैद्यं प्रतिष्ठासुः (abhicaidyaṃ pratiṣṭhāsuḥ) Śiśupālavadha 2.1.

Derivable forms: caidyaḥ (चैद्यः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caidya (चैद्य).—m.

(-dyaḥ) A name of Sisupala an adversary of Krishna, the son of Damaghosha, and sovereign of Chedi or Chandail. m. plu.

(-dyāḥ) The inhabitants of Chedi. E. cedi the country so colled, and jya aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caidya (चैद्य).—[masculine] descendant of Cedi or king of the Cedis.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caidya (चैद्य):—[from caidika] m. [patronymic] [from] cedi, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa iv, 12, 15] ([plural])

2) [v.s. ...] a prince of the Cedis ([especially] Śiśu-pāla, [Mahābhārata i, 129; ii, 1523; Harivaṃśa 1804 f.; Bhāgavata-purāṇa vii, 1, 15 and 30; ix, 24, 2]), [Ṛg-veda viii, 5, 37 f.]

3) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) the Cedi people, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Caidyā (चैद्या):—[from caidya > caidika] f. a princess of the Cedis, [Mahābhārata i, 3831.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caidya (चैद्य):—(dyaḥ) 1. m. Shishupāla.

[Sanskrit to German]

Caidya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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