Caidya, aka: Caidyā; 5 Definition(s)


Caidya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaidya.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Caidya in Purana glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

Caidya (चैद्य).—Śiśupāla, king of Cedi. Dhṛṣṭaketu, King of Cedi, is also known by this name. It was this Caidya who led the Krauñcavyūha created by Dhṛṣṭadyumna in the great battle. (Krauñcavyūha = A battle array in the shape of a stork). (Śloka 47, Chapter 50, Bhīṣma Parva).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Caidya (चैद्य).—A son of Yudhiṣṭhira's aunt and Damaghoṣa and brother of Dantavaktra. Both were once attendants on Hari and born on earth by the curse of Brahmanas. It happened thus. Once Sananda and other sons of Brahmā went to Viṣṇuloka and were prevented by them, as doorkeepers, from entering Vaikuṇṭha. Hence they were cursed to be born as Asuras. They were born as Hiraṇyakaśipu and Hiraṇyākṣa, then as Rāvaṇa and Kumbhakarṇa, and now as Caidya and Dantavaktra.1 Hated Kṛṣṇa, beaten by him in svyaṃvara. An ally of Jarāsandha, he was stationed at the eastern gate of Mathurā. Kṛṣṇa directed his attack against Caidya. The fight and end of Caidya.2 His name was proposed by Rukmiṇi's elder brother for marriage. Went to Kuṇḍina ready to marry Rukmiṇī; distressed at her being taken away by Kṛṣṇa and his friend Rukmi's defeat; he was consoled by Jarāsandha and returned to his city.3 An enemy of Kṛṣṇa, he attained yoga at the Rājasūya. He attained Hariloka through hatred. (See Śiśupāla).4 Married Śrutaśravas who gave birth to Sunita.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 10. 35-46.
  • 2) Ib. I. 10. 29; X. 50. 11 [2], 20-24. [1-15].
  • 3) Ib. ch. 52. (whole); 53. 14-16; 54. 10-17.
  • 4) Ib. III. 2. 19; VII. 1. 13-15 and 30.
  • 5) Matsya-purāṇa 46. 6.

1b) Is Śiśupāla.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 157.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Caidya (चैद्य) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.46.45) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Caidya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Caidyā also refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.86).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of caidya in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caidya (चैद्य).—Name of Śiśupāla; अभिचैद्यं प्रतिष्ठासुः (abhicaidyaṃ pratiṣṭhāsuḥ) Śi.2.1.

Derivable forms: caidyaḥ (चैद्यः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caidya (चैद्य).—m.

(-dyaḥ) A name of Sisupala an adversary of Krishna, the son of Damaghosha, and sovereign of Chedi or Chandail. m. plu.

(-dyāḥ) The inhabitants of Chedi. E. cedi the country so colled, and jya aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 11 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Rukmiṇī (रुक्मिणी).—The chief queen of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. Birth. From the following Purāṇic statements,...
Gadā (गदा) refers to “club” or “mace” and represents one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) o...
Śiśupāla (शिशुपाल).—King of Cedi. Previous birth. Jaya and Vijaya, gate-keepers at Vaikuṇṭha we...
Cedi (चेदि).—m. (-diḥ) The name of a country, perhaps the modern Chandail. m. plu. (-dayaḥ) The...
Sunītha (सुनीथ).—mfn. (-thaḥ-thā-thaṃ) Virtuous, moral, good, of proper disposition or conduct....
Rukmī (रुक्मी).—General information. King of the Province Bhojakaṭa in the country of Vidarbha....
Hiraṇyakaśipu (हिरण्यकशिपु) is the incarnation of the Asura Kālanemi , who was later born as Ka...
1) Dhṛṣṭaketu (धृष्टकेतु).—A prince who was the son of Dhṛṣṭadyumna and the grandson of King Dr...
Damaghoṣa (दमघोष).—The father of Śiśupāla, the King of Cedi. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 18...
1) Dantavaktra (दन्तवक्त्र).—A Kṣatriya king of Kārūṣa. He was the rebirth of the daitya (asura...
Abhicaidya (अभिचैद्य).—m. (-dyaḥ) A name of Sisupala. E. abhi over, caidya the people of Chedi.

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