Utkata, Utkaṭa, Utkatā: 22 definitions


Utkata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Utkaṭa (उत्कट) is a Sanskrit word referring to a type of “awned grain” (śūkadhānya), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The literal translation of the word is “immense” or “gigantic”. The plant Utkaṭa is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Utkaṭa is similar to Śyāmāka in properties, which it is said to be astringent-sweet and light in character. It also aggravates vāta and alleviates kapha and pitta. It is cold, constipating and absorbent.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Utkaṭā (उत्कटा) is another name for Saiṃhalī, a medicinal plant identified with Piper retrofractum Vahl. or “Balinese long pepper” from the Piperaceae or ‘pepper’ family of flowering plants, according to verse 6.16-18 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The sixth chapter (pippalyādi-varga) of this book enumerates ninety-five varieties of plants obtained from the market (paṇyauṣadhi). Together with the names Utkaṭā and Saiṃhalī, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Utkaṭa (उत्कट) is a Sanskrit word referring to “immense”, “superior”, “exceeding the usual measure”, etc. It is used in Yoga.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Utkaṭā (उत्कटा) refers to “she who is powerful”, according to the Jayadrathayāmala: one of the earliest and most extensive Tantric sources of the Kālīkrama system.—Accordingly, as Bhairava teaches the Goddess about his inner state: “[...] There in the centre [i.e., within the foundation], O daughter of the mountains, is the supreme light between the two, being and non-being. Within that centre my (energy) abides in accord with (her supreme) state of being. (She is) Kālī who generates (kalanī) time, she who is the cause of cogitation (kalpanā). Then that supreme goddess who devours time issued forth, absorbed in the bliss of her own (innate) bliss, powerful with the contemplation of (her) own nature [i.e., svabhāvabhāvana-utkaṭā]. Established on the plane of consciousness and the unconscious, she is between the plane of consciousness and the unconscious. (She is) the goddess who is the Great Void, the Transmental who devours time”.—(cf. Kandacakra)

2) Utkaṭa (उत्कट) refers to “one who is proud” and is used to visualize Bhairava, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “He has eight faces and, very powerful, shines like a white lotus. He is mightily proud and has sharp teeth [i.e., daṃṣṭra-utkaṭa] and great body. He is terrible and fierce and his face is deformed. O Śambhu, he has twenty arms and the goddess sits on his lap. He holds a sword, mallet and noose, a double-headed drum, a dagger, the Kaustubha jewel, a rosary, a skull bowl full of fruit and the like and a piece of human flesh. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Utkaṭa (उत्कट) refers to the “immense (crown of dreadlocks)” [i.e., oṃ namo jaṭāmakuṭotkaṭāya hūṃ phaṭ], according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Utkaṭa (उत्कट) refers to the “immense (trunk)” (of restraint), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Glory to the great tree that is stopping the influx of karma whose opponent is conquered, which is rooted in all the rules of conduct for a mendicant, whose great trunk is restraint [com.saṃyama-utkaṭa-skandha—‘the one whose immense trunk is restraint’], whose full branches are tranquillity, which is covered with the blossom of virtue [and] is beautiful because of producing whole fruit through the reflections. [Thus ends the reflection on] stopping the influx of karma”.

Synonyms: Uddāma, Udāra.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Utkata in India is the name of a plant defined with Cinnamomum verum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Camphora mauritiana Lukman. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Bijdragen tot de flora van Nederlandsch Indië (1826)
· Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club (1892)
· Plantae Asiaticae Rariores (1831)
· Flora Cochinchinensis (1790)
· Nomenclature et Iconographie des Canneliers et Camphriers (1889)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Utkata, for example extract dosage, side effects, diet and recipes, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

utkaṭa (उत्कट).—a S Much. 2 Many.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

utkaṭa (उत्कट).—a Much; many.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Utkatā (उत्कता).—

1) A state of longing or regret, anxiety.

2) Name of a plant having aromatic seeds (gajapippalī).

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Utkaṭa (उत्कट).—a. Large, spacious; ज्याजिह्वया वलयितोत्कटकोटिदंष्ट्रम् (jyājihvayā valayitotkaṭakoṭidaṃṣṭram) Uttararāmacarita 4.29.

2) Powerful, mighty, extraordinary, fierce; अत्युत्कटे च रौद्रे च शत्रौ यस्य न हीयते (atyutkaṭe ca raudre ca śatrau yasya na hīyate) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.13; Mv. 1.39,5.33.

3) Excessive, much; अत्युत्कटैः पापपुण्यैरिहैव फलमश्नुते (atyutkaṭaiḥ pāpapuṇyairihaiva phalamaśnute) H.1.85.

4) Prominently visible, conspicuous; °लाञ्छनस्य (lāñchanasya) Uttararāmacarita 35.

5) Abounding in, richly endowed with; पादपान् कुसुमोत्कटान् (pādapān kusumotkaṭān) Rām.

6) Drunk, mad, furious; मदोत्कटः (madotkaṭaḥ).

7) Superior, high.

8) Proud, haughty.

9) Uneven.

1) Difficult.

-ṭaḥ 1 A fluid (ichor) dropping from the temples of an etephant in rut.

2) An elephant in rut.

3) The plant Saccharum Sara (ikṣutṛṇa).

4) Pride, intoxication.

-ṭāḥ The plant Laurus Cassia (saihīlatā; Mar. uṭkaṭārī, siṃhapiṃpaḷī).

-ṭam The fragrant bark of Laurus Cassia (Mar. dālacinī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Utkaṭa (उत्कट).—m., nt., or °ṭā, f., name of a town (droṇamukha, °khya, q.v.): Mahāvyutpatti 5285 °ṭo nāma droṇamukham; Divyāvadāna 620.12 °ṭaṃ nāma droṇa° (acc.), 28 utkaṭadroṇamukhyaṃ; 621.10 yenotkaṭaṃ droṇamukhaṃ (nom., nt.), 19 °ṭān [Pagĕ0-b+ 71] (abl.); fem. 620.21 °tāṃ nāma droṇamukhaṃ (acc.), °ṭā 26. From a verbally close Pali parallel Dīghanikāya (Pali) i.87.6 it appears that the town called in Pali Ukkaṭṭhā (see Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names)) is the same; see Puṣkarasārin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Utkaṭa (उत्कट).—mfn.

(-ṭaḥ-ṭā-ṭaṃ) 1. Much, excessive. 2. Drunk, mad, furious. 3. Proud, haughty. 4. Uneven. 5. Difficult. 6. Superior, high. m.

(-ṭaḥ) 1. Intoxication, pride. 2. An elephant in rut. 3. Sara grass, (Saccharum sara.) n.

(-ṭaṃ) 1. Woody cassia or its bark. 2. Sarsaparilla. E. ut high, great, and kaṭac aff.

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Utkatā (उत्कता).—f.

(-tā) 1. A plant with aromatic seeds. (Pothos officinalis, Rox.) See gajapippalī. 2. Regretting, sorrowing for. E. utka regretting, and tal abstract aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Utkaṭa (उत्कट).—i. e. ud-kaṭa (kaṭa is probably a change of kaṣṭa), adj., f. ṭā. 1. Excessive, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 13, 37. 2. Abounding in, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 55, 30. 3. Drunk, Mahābhārata 2, 2160. 4. Furious, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 73, 7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Utkaṭa (उत्कट).—[adjective] exceedingly great, strong, intense, violent; abounding in, full of (—°); drunken, mad.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Utkaṭa (उत्कट) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. Śp. p. 11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Utkatā (उत्कता):—[=utka-tā] [from utka] f. a state of longing or regret, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] the plant Pothos Officinalis having aromatic seeds, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Utkaṭa (उत्कट):—[=ut-kaṭa] mfn. ([from] 1. ud with affix kaṭa, [Pāṇini 5-2, 29]), exceeding the usual measure, immense, gigantic, [Rāmāyaṇa; Prabodha-candrodaya; Pañcatantra] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] richly endowed with, abounding in [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Pañcatantra] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] drunk, mad, furious, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] excessive, much

7) [v.s. ...] superior, high, proud, haughty

8) [v.s. ...] uneven

9) [v.s. ...] difficult

10) [v.s. ...] m. fluid dropping from the temples of an elephant in rut, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] the plant Saccharum Sara, or a similar kind of grass, [Suśruta]

12) [v.s. ...] intoxication, pride, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) Utkaṭā (उत्कटा):—[=ut-kaṭā] [from ut-kaṭa] f. the plant Laurus Cassia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] Name of a town

15) Utkaṭa (उत्कट):—[=ut-kaṭa] n. the fragrant bark of Laurus Cassia.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Utkaṭa (उत्कट):—[utka+ṭa] (ṭaḥ-ṭā-ṭaṃ) a. Much; furious; proud. m. Intoxication, pride. n. Woody Cassia.

2) Utkatā (उत्कता):—[utka-tā] (tā) 1. f. A plant with aromatic seeds.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Utkaṭa (उत्कट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ukkaḍa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Utkata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Utkaṭa (उत्कट) [Also spelled utkat]:—(a) excessive, keen, intense; gigantic; richly endowed with.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Utkaṭa (ಉತ್ಕಟ):—

1) [adjective] characterised by excess; being too much or too great; immoderate; excessive.

2) [adjective] physically, morally or emotionally strong.

3) [adjective] of a violently cruel nature; savage; wild; fierce.

4) [adjective] having or showing great pride in oneself and disdain, contempt or scorn for others; proud; arrogant; supercilious; haughty.

5) [adjective] giving cause for concern; dangerous; serious; grave.

6) [adjective] outstandingly good of its kind; of exceptional merit, virtue, etc.; excellent.

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Utkaṭa (ಉತ್ಕಟ):—

1) [noun] excessiveness; abundance; plentifulness.

2) [noun] action or conduct that goes beyond the usual, reasonable or lawful limit.

3) [noun] the state or quality of being ferocious; dreadfulness; ferocity.

4) [noun] the yellowish-brown spice made from the dried inner bark of several trees or shrubs (Cinnamomum zeylanicum of Lauraceae family).

5) [noun] a very strong desire.

6) [noun] an afflicted condition; high degree of pain or suffering.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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