Tretayuga, aka: Treta-yuga, Tretāyuga; 8 Definition(s)


Tretayuga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


[Tretayuga in Purana glossaries]

Tretāyuga (त्रेतायुग) refers to a time period consisting of three times the amount of one Kaliyuga, according to the Nīlamatapurāṇa. The passage of the sun through one sign of the zodiac, we are informed, is called a solar month. Two months make a season, three seasons an Ayana and two Ayanas a year. Four lacs and thirty two thousand years make Kaliyuga. Twice as much as Kaliyuga is Dvāpara, thrice is Tretā and four yugas make one Caturyuga and seventy one Caturyugas make one Manvantara.

(Source): Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Tretāyuga (त्रेतायुग).—Second of the four yugas. Kṛtayuga, Tretāyuga, Dvāparayuga, and Kaliyuga are the four yugas. There are three thousand deva-varṣas (divine years) in Tretāyuga.

Śrī Rāma was born at the end of Tretāyuga. Tretāyuga came to an end in B.C. 867100. Śrī Rāma ruled the country for eleven thousand years.

"daśa-varṣa-sahasrāṇi daśa-varṣa-śatāni ca / rāmo rājyamupāsitvā brahmalokam prayāsyati //" (vālmīki rāmāyaṇa).

(After serving his land for ten thousand years and another ten hundred years (ten thousand plus thousand years) Śrī Rāma will go to Brahmaloka). When Rāma took over the reins of administration he was only forty years old. See under Manvantara and yuga. (Classical Sanskrit Literature).

(Source): Puranic Encyclopaedia

Tretāyuga (त्रेतायुग).—Forms of Hari worshipped in the Yuga.1 Hari in the form of Yajña revealed the Vedas;2 characteristics of the Yuga;3 Duration of; Śrauta and Smārta dharmas begin to be observed: duties of kings in;4 origin of culture in;5 see Tretā.

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 17. 12; IX. 10. 52; 14. 43; XI. 5. 24-6.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 17. 12.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II 7. 21, 59; Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 2. 39; 3. 20-21, 28 and 52. Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 65-96; 99. 439-444.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 142. 17, 23-5, 40-77; 165. 6.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 146-178.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of tretayuga in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[Tretayuga in Vaishnavism glossaries]

In the next yuga, Tretā-yuga, the performance of yajña began (tretāyāṃ yajato mukhaiḥ). Ritualistic ceremonies are generally called fruitive activities. In Tretā-yuga, beginning in the Svāyambhuva-manvantara, ritualistic fruitive activities were similarly manifested from Priyavrata, etc.

(Source): VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 9.14.49
Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

Discover the meaning of tretayuga in the context of Vaishnavism from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

[Tretayuga in Hinduism glossaries]

Treta Yuga (त्रेता युग) is the second out of four yugas, or ages of mankind, in the religion of Hinduism. Treta means, third in Sanskrit. The first yuga is Satya Yuga of perfect morality and the one after Treta is the Dvapara Yuga. The most famous events in this yuga were Lord Vishnu's fifth, sixth and seventh incarnations as Vamana, Parashurama and Rama respectively. The Dharma bull, which symbolises morality, stood on three legs during this period. It had all four in the Satya Yuga and two in the later Dvapara Yuga. Currently, in the immoral age of Kali, it stands on one leg. The Treta Yuga lasted 1,296,000 years.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Tretāyuga (त्रेतायुग).—The second in the cycle of the four ages of the universe or mahāyuga. It lasts 1,296,000 years. In this age Lord Rāmacandra appeared.

(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[Tretayuga in Buddhism glossaries]

Tretāyuga (त्रेतायुग) or simply Tretā refers to the “threefold-life age” and represents the second of the “four ages” (yuga) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 88). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., tretā-yuga). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

India history and geogprahy

[Tretayuga in India history glossaries]

The tretayuga refers to the second of the four yugas.—The anniversary of the first day of the Treta-yuga falls on the ninth lunar day in the bright half of Karttika (October-November); the incarnations in this age were the Vamana or Dwarf, Parasurama and Rama.

(Source): South Indian Festivities
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of tretayuga in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 278 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kaliyuga (कलियुग) refers to a time period consisting of 32,000 years according to the Nīla...
Yuga is the name of a land granted by king Subhikṣa (for the merit and fame of his parents and ...
Satyayuga (सत्ययुग).—Another name of Kṛtayuga. (See under Kṛtayuga).
Tretā (त्रेता).—1) A triad, triplet.2) The three sacred fires taken collectively (gārhapatya, d...
Dvāparayuga (द्वापरयुग) refers to a time period consisting of two times the amount of one ...
Caturyuga (चतुर्युग) refers to a time period consisting of four times the amount of one Ka...
Kṛtayuga (कृतयुग).—the first (golden) of the four ages. Derivable forms: kṛtayugam (कृतयुगम्).K...
Triyuga (त्रियुग).—an epithet of Viṣṇu; धर्मं महापुरुष पासि युगानुवृत्तं छन्नः कलौ यदभवस्त्रियु...
Daityayuga (दैत्ययुग).—an age of the demons consisting of 12 divine years.Derivable forms: dait...
Devayuga (देवयुग).—1) the first of the four ages of the world; also called कृतयुग, सनत्कुमारो भ...
Mahāyuga (महायुग).—A cosmological time span equal to 4,320,000 years. Note: Mahā-yuga is a Sans...
Daivayuga (दैवयुग).—'a Yuga of the gods' said to consist of 12 divine years, but see Kull. on ए...
Yugādyā (युगाद्या).—the first day of a Yuga. Yugādyā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the t...
Nāsatyauyuga (नासत्यौयुग).—1) the Satya yuga. 2) the two Aśvins; N.1.45;17.146.Nāsatyauyuga is ...
Yugabāhu (युगबाहु).—a. long-armed; युगपद्युगबाहुभ्यः प्राप्तेभ्यः प्राज्यविक्रमाः (yugapadyugab...

Relevant text