Tretayuga, Treta-yuga, Tretāyuga: 15 definitions


Tretayuga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Tretayuga in Purana glossary
Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Tretāyuga (त्रेतायुग) refers to a time period consisting of three times the amount of one Kaliyuga, according to the Nīlamatapurāṇa. The passage of the sun through one sign of the zodiac, we are informed, is called a solar month. Two months make a season, three seasons an Ayana and two Ayanas a year. Four lacs and thirty two thousand years make Kaliyuga. Twice as much as Kaliyuga is Dvāpara, thrice is Tretā and four yugas make one Caturyuga and seventy one Caturyugas make one Manvantara.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Tretāyuga (त्रेतायुग).—Second of the four yugas. Kṛtayuga, Tretāyuga, Dvāparayuga, and Kaliyuga are the four yugas. There are three thousand deva-varṣas (divine years) in Tretāyuga.

Śrī Rāma was born at the end of Tretāyuga. Tretāyuga came to an end in B.C. 867100. Śrī Rāma ruled the country for eleven thousand years.

"daśa-varṣa-sahasrāṇi daśa-varṣa-śatāni ca / rāmo rājyamupāsitvā brahmalokam prayāsyati //" (vālmīki rāmāyaṇa).

(After serving his land for ten thousand years and another ten hundred years (ten thousand plus thousand years) Śrī Rāma will go to Brahmaloka). When Rāma took over the reins of administration he was only forty years old. See under Manvantara and yuga. (Classical Sanskrit Literature).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Tretāyuga (त्रेतायुग).—Forms of Hari worshipped in the Yuga.1 Hari in the form of Yajña revealed the Vedas;2 characteristics of the Yuga;3 Duration of; Śrauta and Smārta dharmas begin to be observed: duties of kings in;4 origin of culture in;5 see Tretā.

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 17. 12; IX. 10. 52; 14. 43; XI. 5. 24-6.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 17. 12.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II 7. 21, 59; Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 2. 39; 3. 20-21, 28 and 52. Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 65-96; 99. 439-444.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 142. 17, 23-5, 40-77; 165. 6.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 146-178.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 9.14.49

In the next yuga, Tretā-yuga, the performance of yajña began (tretāyāṃ yajato mukhaiḥ). Ritualistic ceremonies are generally called fruitive activities. In Tretā-yuga, beginning in the Svāyambhuva-manvantara, ritualistic fruitive activities were similarly manifested from Priyavrata, etc.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Tretāyuga (त्रेतायुग).—The second in the cycle of the four ages of the universe or mahāyuga. It lasts 1,296,000 years. In this age Lord Rāmacandra appeared.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Tretāyuga (त्रेतायुग) refers to “second of the four yugas: Satya, Tretā, Dvāparā and Kali”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Tretayuga in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Tretāyuga (त्रेतायुग) or Tretā refers to the age associated with Jālandhara, one of the sacred seats (pīṭha), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—The Kumārikākhaṇḍa displays most of the many new developments that took place after the revelation of the Kubjikāmatatantra including those concerning the sacred seats. [...] Although the seats are the same five described in the Kubjikāmatatantra and its expansions, their contents [i.e., the Tretāyuga] and the beings who inhabit them are quite different.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Tretayuga in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Treta Yuga (त्रेता युग) is the second out of four yugas, or ages of mankind, in the religion of Hinduism. Treta means, third in Sanskrit. The first yuga is Satya Yuga of perfect morality and the one after Treta is the Dvapara Yuga. The most famous events in this yuga were Lord Vishnu's fifth, sixth and seventh incarnations as Vamana, Parashurama and Rama respectively. The Dharma bull, which symbolises morality, stood on three legs during this period. It had all four in the Satya Yuga and two in the later Dvapara Yuga. Currently, in the immoral age of Kali, it stands on one leg. The Treta Yuga lasted 1,296,000 years.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Tretayuga in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Tretāyuga (त्रेतायुग) or simply Tretā refers to the “threefold-life age” and represents the second of the “four ages” (yuga) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 88). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., tretā-yuga). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

India history and geography

Source: South Indian Festivities

The tretayuga refers to the second of the four yugas.—The anniversary of the first day of the Treta-yuga falls on the ninth lunar day in the bright half of Karttika (October-November); the incarnations in this age were the Vamana or Dwarf, Parasurama and Rama.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tretayuga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tretāyuga (त्रेतायुग).—n.

(-gaṃ) The second or Treta age. E. tretā, and yuga age.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tretāyuga (त्रेतायुग):—[=tretā-yuga] [from tretā] n. the T° age, [Mahābhārata etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tretāyuga (त्रेतायुग):—[tretā-yuga] (gaṃ) 1. n. The second age.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tretayuga in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tretayuga in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Trētāyuga (ತ್ರೇತಾಯುಗ):—[noun] = ತ್ರೇತೆ - [trete -] 3.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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