Tretayuga, aka: Treta-yuga, Tretāyuga; 6 Definition(s)


Tretayuga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


Tretāyuga (त्रेतायुग).—Forms of Hari worshipped in the Yuga.1 Hari in the form of Yajña revealed the Vedas;2 characteristics of the Yuga;3 Duration of; Śrauta and Smārta dharmas begin to be observed: duties of kings in;4 origin of culture in;5 see Tretā.

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 17. 12; IX. 10. 52; 14. 43; XI. 5. 24-6.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 17. 12.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II 7. 21, 59; Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 2. 39; 3. 20-21, 28 and 52. Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 65-96; 99. 439-444.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 142. 17, 23-5, 40-77; 165. 6.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 146-178.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Vaiṣṇavism (Vaiṣṇava dharma)

In the next yuga, Tretā-yuga, the performance of yajña began (tretāyāṃ yajato mukhaiḥ). Ritualistic ceremonies are generally called fruitive activities. In Tretā-yuga, beginning in the Svāyambhuva-manvantara, ritualistic fruitive activities were similarly manifested from Priyavrata, etc.

(Source): VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 9.14.49
Vaiṣṇavism book cover
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Vaiṣṇava (वैष्णव, vaishnava) or Vaiṣṇavism (vaishnavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Viṣṇu as the supreme Lord. Similair to the Śāktism and Śaivism traditions, Vaiṣṇavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the daśāvatāra (‘ten avatars of Viṣṇu’).

General definition (in Hinduism)

Treta Yuga (त्रेता युग) is the second out of four yugas, or ages of mankind, in the religion of Hinduism. Treta means, third in Sanskrit. The first yuga is Satya Yuga of perfect morality and the one after Treta is the Dvapara Yuga. The most famous events in this yuga were Lord Vishnu's fifth, sixth and seventh incarnations as Vamana, Parashurama and Rama respectively. The Dharma bull, which symbolises morality, stood on three legs during this period. It had all four in the Satya Yuga and two in the later Dvapara Yuga. Currently, in the immoral age of Kali, it stands on one leg. The Treta Yuga lasted 1,296,000 years.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Tretāyuga (त्रेतायुग).—The second in the cycle of the four ages of the universe or mahāyuga. It lasts 1,296,000 years. In this age Lord Rāmacandra appeared.

(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Tretāyuga (त्रेतायुग) or simply Tretā refers to the “threefold-life age” and represents the second of the “four ages” (yuga) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 88). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., tretā-yuga). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

India history and geogprahy

The tretayuga refers to the second of the four yugas.—The anniversary of the first day of the Treta-yuga falls on the ninth lunar day in the bright half of Karttika (October-November); the incarnations in this age were the Vamana or Dwarf, Parasurama and Rama.

(Source): South Indian Festivities
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Relevant definitions

Search found 229 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kaliyuga (कलियुग) or simply Kali refers to the “dark age” and represents the last of the “four ...
Yuga (युग) or Caturyuga refers to the “four ages” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 88...
satyayuga (सत्ययुग).—n The first of the four ages, the golden age.
Tretā (त्रेता) or Tretāyuga refers to the “threefold-life age” and represents the second of the...
Dvāparayuga (द्वापरयुग) or simply Dvāpara refers to the “twofold age” and represents the third ...
Kṛtayuga (कृतयुग) or simply Kṛta refers to the “accomplished age ” and represents the first of ...
Caturyuga (चतुर्युग) or simply Yuga refers to the “four ages” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha...
Daityayuga (दैत्ययुग).—an age of the demons consisting of 12 divine years.Derivable forms: dait...
Triyuga (त्रियुग).—A name of Viṣṇu meaning one who appears in only three yugas.
Yugapurāṇa (युगपुराण) refers to the “purāṇa of the yugas” and is the name of the forty-first ch...
Karmayuga (कर्मयुग).—the fourth (the present) age of the world, i. e. the Kaliyuga. Derivable f...
Yugapatra (युगपत्र).—the mountain ebony. Derivable forms: yugapatraḥ (युगपत्रः).Yugapatra is a ...
Yuga Dharma
Yuga Dharma (युगधर्म): One aspect of Dharma, as understood by Hindus. Yuga dharma is an aspect ...
Kalpa (कल्प) or Caturkalpa refers to the “four aeons” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (sectio...
Tapasya (तपस्य).—a. Produced by heat.-syaḥ 1 The month of Phālguna; Bhāg. An epithet ...

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