Treta, aka: Tretā; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Treta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Tretā (त्रेता).—At the commencement of this Yuga, Brahmā established the social polity of castes and orders; long life, learning, strength, beauty, health and righteousness were common; in course of time moha made men irreligious and prejudiced; they appealed to Manu who created two sons, Priyavrata and Uttānapāda through Śatarūpā; they were the first kings of the earth; here was the division of the Śamhitā, Mantra, Ṛṣi and Brāhmaṇa; the dharma meant truth, japa, tapas and dāna; the kings were Cakravartins;1 the dharma of;2 see Tretāyuga.

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 32. 57-8; 57. 25, 54-60; 78. 36.
  • 2) Ib. 57. 81-125.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Tretā (त्रेता) or Tretāyuga refers to the “threefold-life age” and represents the second of the “four ages” (yuga) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 88). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., tretā). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

trētā (त्रेता).—f or trētāyuga n (S) The second yuga or age, consisting of 12,96,000 years.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

trētā (त्रेता).—f trētāyuga n The 2nd yuga or age.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tretā (त्रेता).—

1) A triad, triplet.

2) The three sacred fires taken collectively (gārhapatya, dakṣiṇa and āhavanīya); cf. Ms.2.231; Bhāg.9.14.44; त्रेताग्निधूमाग्रमनिन्द्यकीर्ते- स्तस्येदमाक्रान्तविमानमार्गम् (tretāgnidhūmāgramanindyakīrte- stasyedamākrāntavimānamārgam) R.13.37.

3) A particular throw at dice, a cast of three or trey; त्रेताहृतसर्वस्वः (tretāhṛtasarvasvaḥ) Mk.2.8.

4) The second of the four Yugas of the Hindus; see युग (yuga).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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