Kharva, Khārvā, Kharvā: 10 definitions

Introduction

Kharva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

Kharva (खर्व, “dwarf”) refers to one of the fifty-six vināyakas located at Kāśī (Vārāṇasī), and forms part of a sacred pilgrimage (yātrā), described in the Kāśīkhaṇḍa (Skanda-purāṇa 4.2.57). He is also known as Kharvavināyaka, Kharvagaṇeśa and Kharvavighneśa. These fifty-six vināyakas are positioned at the eight cardinal points in seven concentric circles (8x7). They center around a deity named Ḍhuṇḍhirāja (or Ḍhuṇḍhi-vināyaka) positioned near the Viśvanātha temple, which lies at the heart of Kāśī, near the Gaṅges. This arrangement symbolises the interconnecting relationship of the macrocosmos, the mesocosmos and the microcosmos.

Kharva is positioned in the North-Eastern corner of the first circle of the kāśī-maṇḍala. According to Rana Singh (source), his shrine is located at “Raj Ghat area, near Adi Keshava Temple”. Worshippers of Kharva will benefit from his quality, which is defined as “the giver of relief”. His coordinates are: Lat. 25.19643, Lon. 83.02346 (or, 25°11'47.2"N, 83°01'24.5"E) (Google maps)

Kāśī (Vārāṇasī) is a holy city in India and represents the personified form of the universe deluded by the Māyā of Viṣṇu. It is described as a fascinating city which is beyond the range of vision of Giriśa (Śiva) having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.

Kharva, and the other vināyakas, are described in the Skandapurāṇa (the largest of the eighteen mahāpurāṇas). This book narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is composed of over 81,000 metrical verses with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kharva (खर्व).—One thousand crores.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 96.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kharvā (खर्वा) is another name for Bhadrodanī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.103-105 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Note: Narhari’s Bhadrodanī may be Rājabalā of Dh. [Dhanvantari?]. Together with the names Kharvā and Bhadrodanī, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kharva (खर्व).—a S Dwarfish.

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kharva (खर्व).—n S Ten thousand millions.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kharva (खर्व).—n Ten thousand millions. a Dwarfish.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kharva (खर्व).—a. [kharv-ac]

1) Mutilated, crippled, imperfect; Yv. Ts.2.5.1.7.

2) Dwarfish, low, short in stature.

-rvaḥ, -rvam A large number (1,,,).

3) Name of one of the treasures of Kubera.

See also (synonyms): kharba.

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Khārvā (खार्वा).—The Tretā age or second Yuga of the world.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kharva (खर्व) or Kharvva.—mfn.

(-rvaḥ-rvā-rvaṃ) A dwarf, &c.: see kharva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kharva (खर्व).— and kharba kharba, n. A very great number, 10,000,000,000, or 1 with 37 zeros, a quadrillion, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 4, 59.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kharva (खर्व).—[adjective] mutilated, crippled, imperfect, minute low, vile.

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Khārvā (खार्वा).—[feminine] the second age of the world.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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