Kharva, Khārvā, Kharvā: 15 definitions


Kharva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

Kharva (खर्व, “dwarf”) refers to one of the fifty-six vināyakas located at Kāśī (Vārāṇasī), and forms part of a sacred pilgrimage (yātrā), described in the Kāśīkhaṇḍa (Skanda-purāṇa 4.2.57). He is also known as Kharvavināyaka, Kharvagaṇeśa and Kharvavighneśa. These fifty-six vināyakas are positioned at the eight cardinal points in seven concentric circles (8x7). They center around a deity named Ḍhuṇḍhirāja (or Ḍhuṇḍhi-vināyaka) positioned near the Viśvanātha temple, which lies at the heart of Kāśī, near the Gaṅges. This arrangement symbolises the interconnecting relationship of the macrocosmos, the mesocosmos and the microcosmos.

Kharva is positioned in the North-Eastern corner of the first circle of the kāśī-maṇḍala. According to Rana Singh (source), his shrine is located at “Raj Ghat area, near Adi Keshava Temple”. Worshippers of Kharva will benefit from his quality, which is defined as “the giver of relief”. His coordinates are: Lat. 25.19643, Lon. 83.02346 (or, 25°11'47.2"N, 83°01'24.5"E) (Google maps)

Kharva, and the other vināyakas, are described in the Skandapurāṇa (the largest of the eighteen mahāpurāṇas). This book narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is composed of over 81,000 metrical verses with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kharva (खर्व).—One thousand crores.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 96.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of kharva in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kharvā (खर्वा) is another name for Bhadrodanī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.103-105 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Note: Narhari’s Bhadrodanī may be Rājabalā of Dh. [Dhanvantari?]. Together with the names Kharvā and Bhadrodanī, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of kharva in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

1) Kharva (खर्व) refers to “ten billion” (10,000,000,000) in various lists of numeral denominations, according to gaṇita (“science of calculation”) and Gaṇita-śāstra, ancient Indian mathematics and astronomy.—We can definitely say that from the very earliest known times, ten has formed the basis of numeration in India. While the Greeks had no terminology for denominations above the myriad (104), and the Romans above the milk (103), the ancient Hindus dealt freely with no less than eighteen denominations [e.g., kharva]. Cf. Yajurveda-saṃhitā (Vājasanyī) XVII.2;  Taittirīya-saṃhitā IV.40.11, VII.2.20.1; Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā II.8.14; Kāṭhaka-saṃhitā XVII.10, XXXIX.6; Anuyogadvāra-sūtra 142; Āryabhaṭīya II.2; Triśatikā R.2-3; Gaṇitasārasaṃgraha I.63-68.

2) Kharva (खर्व) also refers to a “trillion” (1,000,000,000,000) according to Mahāvīra in the Gaṇitasārasaṃgraha (I.63-68).

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

Discover the meaning of kharva in the context of Ganitashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kharva (खर्व).—a S Dwarfish.

--- OR ---

kharva (खर्व).—n S Ten thousand millions.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kharva (खर्व).—n Ten thousand millions. a Dwarfish.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of kharva in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kharva (खर्व).—a. [kharv-ac]

1) Mutilated, crippled, imperfect; Yv. Ts.

2) Dwarfish, low, short in stature.

-rvaḥ, -rvam A large number (1,,,).

3) Name of one of the treasures of Kubera.

See also (synonyms): kharba.

--- OR ---

Khārvā (खार्वा).—The Tretā age or second Yuga of the world.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kharva (खर्व) or Kharvva.—mfn.

(-rvaḥ-rvā-rvaṃ) A dwarf, &c.: see kharva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kharva (खर्व).— and kharba kharba, n. A very great number, 10,000,000,000, or 1 with 37 zeros, a quadrillion, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 4, 59.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kharva (खर्व).—[adjective] mutilated, crippled, imperfect, minute low, vile.

--- OR ---

Khārvā (खार्वा).—[feminine] the second age of the world.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kharva (खर्व):—mfn. (cf. a-, tri-) mutilated, crippled, injured, imperfect, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā ii, 5, 1, 7]

2) low, dwarfish, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) mn. a large number (either 10, 000, 000, 000 [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.], or 37 cyphers preceded by 1 [Rāmāyaṇa vi, 4, 59])

4) m. Name of one of the nine Nidhis or treasures of Kubera, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Rosa moschata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Khārvā (खार्वा):—f. ([from] kharva), the second (‘third’ [Boehtlingk’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch in kuerzerer fassung]) Yuga of the world.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kharva (खर्व):—(kharvati) 1. a. To be proud.

2) (rvvaḥ) 1. m. A dwarf.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kharva in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of kharva in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kharva (ಖರ್ವ):—

1) [adjective] deprived of a limb or organ; mutilated; maimed.

2) [adjective] low or relatively low in height; not tall; short.

--- OR ---

Kharva (ಖರ್ವ):—

1) [noun] the number 10,00,00,00,000.

2) [noun] (myth.) one of the nine treasures of Kubēra, the Regent of Riches and Treasures.

--- OR ---

Khārva (ಖಾರ್ವ):—[noun] a seller of horses.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of kharva in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: