Sudharma, aka: Sudharmā, Su-dharma; 8 Definition(s)


Sudharma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Sudharma in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

1) Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—The assembly hall of the Devas. (the gods). (Bhāgavata, Skandha 10).

2) Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—The great assembly hall of the Yādavas. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 219, Verse 10, that at the time of the carrying away of Subhadrā, the soldiers ran to Sudharmā and reported the matter there. This hall had the name 'Dāśārhī' also. This great hall was one yojana long and one yojana broad. It was in this hall that Śrī Kṛṣṇa received Indra. (Mahābhārata Dākṣiṇātya Pāṭha, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 38).

3) Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—Wife of Mātali, who was the charioteer of Indra. It is mentioned in the Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 95, that a daughter named Guṇakeśī was born to Mātali by Sudharmā.

4) Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—A prince of the Vṛṣṇi dynasty. It is stated in Mahā Bhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 18, that he was a member of the assembly of Yudhiṣṭhira and that he had learned archery from Arjuna.

5) Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—A King of Dāśārṇa. Bhīmasena who was pleased at the good fighting of this King, appointed him as his captain. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 29, Verse 5).

6) Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—A warrior who had fought against the Pāṇḍavas in the battle of Kurukṣetra. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 18, Verse 20).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—The heavenly sabhā sent by Indra and brought to Dvārakā by Kṛṣṇa, taken by Vāyu under orders of Kṛṣṇa; in this Kṛṣṇa seated himself.1 It formed the council hall of Dvārakā. Here Kṛṣṇa met the elders. Entered by Kṛṣṇa after the Kurukṣetra war;2 went back to heaven after Kṛṣṇa's departure to it.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 14. 34-38; X. Ib. 64 [1]; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 9. 6; 10. 23.
  • 2) Ib. X. [67 (v) 42]; 68. 35; 70. 17; 80 [12]; XI. 30. 4.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 35. 24; 38. 7.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sudharma (सुधर्म) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.26.5) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sudharma) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Sudharma in Jyotisha glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sudharmā (सुधर्मा) or Sudharmatithi is the name of the tenth of fifteen tithis (cycle of time) according to the Śārdūlakarṇāvadāna while the Gārgīyajyotiṣa considers Sudhārminī as the tenth. The associated deity for Sudharmā or Sudhārminī according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā is Dharma. A tithi was defined as one thirtieth of a synodic month (c. 29.5 days), resulting in an average tithi being slightly less than a day.

Accordingly, “(29) The tenth tithi is said to be Sudharmā. One should perform deeds which are firm and glorifying. One should dig wells and channels, and make a well fastened with a bucket. (30) One should make gardens, cities, fields, houses, almshouses, assembly halls. One should know Dharma as the deity”.

Source: Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Sudharma in Jainism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sudharma (सुधर्म) is the name of the third Baladeva according to Digambara sources, while Śvetāmbara sources mentions Bhadra as the third Baladeva. Jain legends describe nine such Baladevas (“gentle heroes”) usually appearing together with their “violent” twin-brothers known as the Vāsudevas. The legends of these twin-heroes usually involve their antagonistic counterpart known as the Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes).

The stories of the nine Baladevas (such as Sudharma) are related in texts such as the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra. They are also known as the Balabhadras and are further described in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition. The appearance of a Baladeva is described as follows: their body is of a white complexion, they wear a blue-black robe, and the mark of the palm-tree (tāla) is seen on their banners.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Sudharmā (सुधर्मा) is the name of the fifth gaṇadhara (group-leader) of Mahāvīra.—Sudharmā was a Brahmin from Kollāga province and of Agniveśyāyana-gotra. His mother's name was Bhaddilā and father’s name was Dhammila. On the subject of births, obtaining the clarifications from the Lord, he took initiation along with 500 students. He became the fifth Gaṇadhara and later on, the successor ācārya. He managed the congregation for 20 years after Lord’s nirvāṇa. He completed 100 years of age and attained mokṣa at Rājagṛha. In his lifetime, he spent 50 years as a householder, 42 years as a mendicant and 8 years as a kevalī, propagating the Śramaṇa tradition.

All these gaṇadharas (for example, Sudharmā) were Brahmins by caste and Vedic scholars. After taking initiation, they all studied the 11 Aṅgas. Hence, all of them had the knowledge of the 14 pūrvas and possessed special attainments (labdhis).

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sudharma in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—

1) the council or assembly of gods (devasabhā); ययावुदीरितालोकः सुधर्मानवमां सभाम् (yayāvudīritālokaḥ sudharmānavamāṃ sabhām) R.17.27.

2) (sudharmā) Name of Dvārakā; दिवि भुव्यन्तरिक्षे च महोत्पातान् समु- त्थितान् । दृष्ट्वासीनान् सुधर्मायां कृष्णः प्राह यदूनिदम् (divi bhuvyantarikṣe ca mahotpātān samu- tthitān | dṛṣṭvāsīnān sudharmāyāṃ kṛṣṇaḥ prāha yadūnidam) || Bhāg.11.3. 4;1.14.34.

Sudharmā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and dharmā (धर्मा). See also (synonyms): sudharmī.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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