Sudharma, Su-dharma, Sudharmā: 18 definitions
Sudharma means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Sudharm.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—The assembly hall of the Devas. (the gods). (Bhāgavata, Skandha 10).
2) Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—The great assembly hall of the Yādavas. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 219, Verse 10, that at the time of the carrying away of Subhadrā, the soldiers ran to Sudharmā and reported the matter there. This hall had the name 'Dāśārhī' also. This great hall was one yojana long and one yojana broad. It was in this hall that Śrī Kṛṣṇa received Indra. (Mahābhārata Dākṣiṇātya Pāṭha, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 38).
3) Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—Wife of Mātali, who was the charioteer of Indra. It is mentioned in the Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 95, that a daughter named Guṇakeśī was born to Mātali by Sudharmā.
4) Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—A prince of the Vṛṣṇi dynasty. It is stated in Mahā Bhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 18, that he was a member of the assembly of Yudhiṣṭhira and that he had learned archery from Arjuna.
5) Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—A King of Dāśārṇa. Bhīmasena who was pleased at the good fighting of this King, appointed him as his captain. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 29, Verse 5).
6) Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—A warrior who had fought against the Pāṇḍavas in the battle of Kurukṣetra. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 18, Verse 20).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—The heavenly sabhā sent by Indra and brought to Dvārakā by Kṛṣṇa, taken by Vāyu under orders of Kṛṣṇa; in this Kṛṣṇa seated himself.1 It formed the council hall of Dvārakā. Here Kṛṣṇa met the elders. Entered by Kṛṣṇa after the Kurukṣetra war;2 went back to heaven after Kṛṣṇa's departure to it.3
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 14. 34-38; X. Ib. 64 ; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 9. 6; 10. 23.
- 2) Ib. X. [67 (v) 42]; 68. 35; 70. 17; 80 ; XI. 30. 4.
- 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 35. 24; 38. 7.
Sudharma (सुधर्म) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.26.5) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sudharma) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: academia.edu: Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa
Sudharmā (सुधर्मा) or Sudharmatithi is the name of the tenth of fifteen tithis (cycle of time) according to the Śārdūlakarṇāvadāna while the Gārgīyajyotiṣa considers Sudhārminī as the tenth. The associated deity for Sudharmā or Sudhārminī according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā is Dharma. A tithi was defined as one thirtieth of a synodic month (c. 29.5 days), resulting in an average tithi being slightly less than a day.
Accordingly, “(29) The tenth tithi is said to be Sudharmā. One should perform deeds which are firm and glorifying. One should dig wells and channels, and make a well fastened with a bucket. (30) One should make gardens, cities, fields, houses, almshouses, assembly halls. One should know Dharma as the deity”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam
Sudharmā (सुधर्मा) refers to:—Royal assembly house in Dvārakā capable of accommodating unlimited numbers of people. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
Sudharma (सुधर्म) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Sudharma).
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Sudharma (सुधर्म) is the name of the third Baladeva according to Digambara sources, while Śvetāmbara sources mentions Bhadra as the third Baladeva. Jain legends describe nine such Baladevas (“gentle heroes”) usually appearing together with their “violent” twin-brothers known as the Vāsudevas. The legends of these twin-heroes usually involve their antagonistic counterpart known as the Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes).
The stories of the nine Baladevas (such as Sudharma) are related in texts such as the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra. They are also known as the Balabhadras and are further described in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition. The appearance of a Baladeva is described as follows: their body is of a white complexion, they wear a blue-black robe, and the mark of the palm-tree (tāla) is seen on their banners.Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Sudharma (सुधर्म) is the name of an ancient Muni, according to chapter 6.5 [datta-nandana-prahlāda-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly:—“There is a city Susīmā, the ornament of East Videha of this Jambūdvīpa and there was a king there, Vasundhara. After he had guarded the earth for a long time, he took the vow under Muni Sudharma, and went to Brahmaloka after death”.Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
Sudharmā (सुधर्मा) is the name of the fifth gaṇadhara (group-leader) of Mahāvīra.—Sudharmā was a Brahmin from Kollāga province and of Agniveśyāyana-gotra. His mother's name was Bhaddilā and father’s name was Dhammila. On the subject of births, obtaining the clarifications from the Lord, he took initiation along with 500 students. He became the fifth Gaṇadhara and later on, the successor ācārya. He managed the congregation for 20 years after Lord’s nirvāṇa. He completed 100 years of age and attained mokṣa at Rājagṛha. In his lifetime, he spent 50 years as a householder, 42 years as a mendicant and 8 years as a kevalī, propagating the Śramaṇa tradition.
All these gaṇadharas (for example, Sudharmā) were Brahmins by caste and Vedic scholars. After taking initiation, they all studied the 11 Aṅgas. Hence, all of them had the knowledge of the 14 pūrvas and possessed special attainments (labdhis).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) the council or assembly of gods (devasabhā); ययावुदीरितालोकः सुधर्मानवमां सभाम् (yayāvudīritālokaḥ sudharmānavamāṃ sabhām) R.17.27.
2) (sudharmā) Name of Dvārakā; दिवि भुव्यन्तरिक्षे च महोत्पातान् समु- त्थितान् । दृष्ट्वासीनान् सुधर्मायां कृष्णः प्राह यदूनिदम् (divi bhuvyantarikṣe ca mahotpātān samu- tthitān | dṛṣṭvāsīnān sudharmāyāṃ kṛṣṇaḥ prāha yadūnidam) || Bhāg.11.3. 4;1.14.34.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sudharma (सुधर्म).—(1) name of a kiṃnara king: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 4.14; (2) name of a Mahābrahmā: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 171.10; (3) name of a Pratyekabuddha: Divyāvadāna 200.12; (4) name of a throne on which the Bodhisattva sits in the Tuṣita heaven: Lalitavistara 13.12; 27.17.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sudharma (सुधर्म).—f. mā and mī, a council of the gods.
Sudharma is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and dharma (धर्म).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sudharma (सुधर्म).—[masculine] justice, righteousness.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Sudharma (सुधर्म):—[=su-dharma] [from su > su-tanaya] m. good law, justice, duty, [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
2) [v.s. ...] ‘maintaining law or justice’, Name of a man, [Catalogue(s)]
3) [v.s. ...] of a Mahā-brahman (q.v.), [Saddharma-puṇḍarīka]
4) [v.s. ...] one of the 10 disciples of the celebrated Jaina teacher and Arhat Mahā-vīra, [Horace H. Wilson]
5) [v.s. ...] of a king of the Kiṃ-naras, [Saddharma-puṇḍarīka]
6) [v.s. ...] of a palace, [Caurapañcāśikā]
7) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a class of deities, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]
8) Sudharmā (सुधर्मा):—[=su-dharmā] [from su-dharma > su > su-tanaya] f. the assembly hall of the gods (also ī), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Buddhist literature]
9) [v.s. ...] Name of the wife of Mātali, [Mahābhārata]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sudharma (सुधर्म):—[su-dharma] (rmmaṃ) 1. m. Last Jina of the present age. f. (ī) Council of the gods.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Sudharmā (सुधर्मा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Suhammā.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Sudharma (सुधर्म) [Also spelled sudharm]:—(nm) virtuous duty, piety; hence ~[rmā] (a); ~[rmī] (a).
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+7): Suhamma, Saudharma, Saudharmya, Drumaka, Sudharm, Sudharmi, Dridhanemi, Dhammila, Sudharmini, Sudha, Japa, Sudharmasvami, Bhaddila, Camaracanca, Oghasvara, Druma, Lohana, Bhadrasara, Ashvavabodha, Ganadhara.
Search found 29 books and stories containing Sudharma, Su-dharma, Su-dharmā, Sudharmā; (plurals include: Sudharmas, dharmas, dharmās, Sudharmās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti) (by K. C. Lalwani)
Part 5 - Family Śakrendra and others < [Chapter 5]
Part 7 - Camara’s challenge to Śakra < [Chapter 2]
The Ganesha Purana (abridged) (by Gregory Baily)
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 32 - The narrative of Sudehā and Sudharmā < [Section 4 - Koṭirudra-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 33 - Origin and glory of the Jyolirliṅga Ghuśmeśvara < [Section 4 - Koṭirudra-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 15 - The fight between the gods and Jalandhara < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 2: Previous births of Nandana < [Chapter V - Dattanandanaprahlādacaritra]
Part 18: Incarnation as god < [Chapter I - Previous births of Mahāvīra]
Part 17: Funeral rites of Ajita and the munis < [Chapter VI - Emancipation of Ajita Svāmin and Sagara]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)