Sudharma, Sudharmā, Su-dharma: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sudharma means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sudharm.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sudharma in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—The assembly hall of the Devas. (the gods). (Bhāgavata, Skandha 10).

2) Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—The great assembly hall of the Yādavas. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 219, Verse 10, that at the time of the carrying away of Subhadrā, the soldiers ran to Sudharmā and reported the matter there. This hall had the name 'Dāśārhī' also. This great hall was one yojana long and one yojana broad. It was in this hall that Śrī Kṛṣṇa received Indra. (Mahābhārata Dākṣiṇātya Pāṭha, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 38).

3) Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—Wife of Mātali, who was the charioteer of Indra. It is mentioned in the Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 95, that a daughter named Guṇakeśī was born to Mātali by Sudharmā.

4) Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—A prince of the Vṛṣṇi dynasty. It is stated in Mahā Bhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 18, that he was a member of the assembly of Yudhiṣṭhira and that he had learned archery from Arjuna.

5) Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—A King of Dāśārṇa. Bhīmasena who was pleased at the good fighting of this King, appointed him as his captain. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 29, Verse 5).

6) Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—A warrior who had fought against the Pāṇḍavas in the battle of Kurukṣetra. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 18, Verse 20).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—The heavenly sabhā sent by Indra and brought to Dvārakā by Kṛṣṇa, taken by Vāyu under orders of Kṛṣṇa; in this Kṛṣṇa seated himself.1 It formed the council hall of Dvārakā. Here Kṛṣṇa met the elders. Entered by Kṛṣṇa after the Kurukṣetra war;2 went back to heaven after Kṛṣṇa's departure to it.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 14. 34-38; X. Ib. 64 [1]; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 9. 6; 10. 23.
  • 2) Ib. X. [67 (v) 42]; 68. 35; 70. 17; 80 [12]; XI. 30. 4.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 35. 24; 38. 7.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sudharma (सुधर्म) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.26.5) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sudharma) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: academia.edu: Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa

Sudharmā (सुधर्मा) or Sudharmatithi is the name of the tenth of fifteen tithis (cycle of time) according to the Śārdūlakarṇāvadāna while the Gārgīyajyotiṣa considers Sudhārminī as the tenth. The associated deity for Sudharmā or Sudhārminī according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā is Dharma. A tithi was defined as one thirtieth of a synodic month (c. 29.5 days), resulting in an average tithi being slightly less than a day.

Accordingly, “(29) The tenth tithi is said to be Sudharmā. One should perform deeds which are firm and glorifying. One should dig wells and channels, and make a well fastened with a bucket. (30) One should make gardens, cities, fields, houses, almshouses, assembly halls. One should know Dharma as the deity”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Sudharmā (सुधर्मा) refers to:—Royal assembly house in Dvārakā capable of accommodating unlimited numbers of people. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Sudharma (सुधर्म) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Sudharma).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Sudharma (सुधर्म) is the name of the third Baladeva according to Digambara sources, while Śvetāmbara sources mentions Bhadra as the third Baladeva. Jain legends describe nine such Baladevas (“gentle heroes”) usually appearing together with their “violent” twin-brothers known as the Vāsudevas. The legends of these twin-heroes usually involve their antagonistic counterpart known as the Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes).

The stories of the nine Baladevas (such as Sudharma) are related in texts such as the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra. They are also known as the Balabhadras and are further described in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition. The appearance of a Baladeva is described as follows: their body is of a white complexion, they wear a blue-black robe, and the mark of the palm-tree (tāla) is seen on their banners.

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra

Sudharmā (सुधर्मा) is the name of the fifth gaṇadhara (group-leader) of Mahāvīra.—Sudharmā was a Brahmin from Kollāga province and of Agniveśyāyana-gotra. His mother's name was Bhaddilā and father’s name was Dhammila. On the subject of births, obtaining the clarifications from the Lord, he took initiation along with 500 students. He became the fifth Gaṇadhara and later on, the successor ācārya. He managed the congregation for 20 years after Lord’s nirvāṇa. He completed 100 years of age and attained mokṣa at Rājagṛha. In his lifetime, he spent 50 years as a householder, 42 years as a mendicant and 8 years as a kevalī, propagating the Śramaṇa tradition.

All these gaṇadharas (for example, Sudharmā) were Brahmins by caste and Vedic scholars. After taking initiation, they all studied the 11 Aṅgas. Hence, all of them had the knowledge of the 14 pūrvas and possessed special attainments (labdhis).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—

1) the council or assembly of gods (devasabhā); ययावुदीरितालोकः सुधर्मानवमां सभाम् (yayāvudīritālokaḥ sudharmānavamāṃ sabhām) R.17.27.

2) (sudharmā) Name of Dvārakā; दिवि भुव्यन्तरिक्षे च महोत्पातान् समु- त्थितान् । दृष्ट्वासीनान् सुधर्मायां कृष्णः प्राह यदूनिदम् (divi bhuvyantarikṣe ca mahotpātān samu- tthitān | dṛṣṭvāsīnān sudharmāyāṃ kṛṣṇaḥ prāha yadūnidam) || Bhāg.11.3. 4;1.14.34.

Sudharmā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and dharmā (धर्मा). See also (synonyms): sudharmī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sudharma (सुधर्म).—(1) name of a kiṃnara king: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 4.14; (2) name of a Mahābrahmā: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 171.10; (3) name of a Pratyekabuddha: Divyāvadāna 200.12; (4) name of a throne on which the Bodhisattva sits in the Tuṣita heaven: Lalitavistara 13.12; 27.17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sudharma (सुधर्म).—f. and , a council of the gods.

Sudharma is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and dharma (धर्म).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sudharma (सुधर्म).—[masculine] justice, righteousness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sudharma (सुधर्म):—[=su-dharma] [from su > su-tanaya] m. good law, justice, duty, [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] ‘maintaining law or justice’, Name of a man, [Catalogue(s)]

3) [v.s. ...] of a Mahā-brahman (q.v.), [Saddharma-puṇḍarīka]

4) [v.s. ...] one of the 10 disciples of the celebrated Jaina teacher and Arhat Mahā-vīra, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] of a king of the Kiṃ-naras, [Saddharma-puṇḍarīka]

6) [v.s. ...] of a palace, [Caurapañcāśikā]

7) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a class of deities, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

8) Sudharmā (सुधर्मा):—[=su-dharmā] [from su-dharma > su > su-tanaya] f. the assembly hall of the gods (also ī), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Buddhist literature]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of the wife of Mātali, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sudharma (सुधर्म):—[su-dharma] (rmmaṃ) 1. m. Last Jina of the present age. f. (ī) Council of the gods.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Sudharma (सुधर्म):—1. m. das gute Recht, Gerechtigkeit: sudharmaḥ sthāpitaḥ pathi [Rāmāyaṇa 7, 6, 40.] sudharmasyāvirodhena [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 109, 8.]

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Sudharma (सुधर्म):—2.

1) adj. Gerechtigkeit übend, wo Gerechtigkeit geübt wird.

2) m. Nomen proprium a) eines Mannes [Oxforder Handschriften 11,a,26.] — b) eines Mahābrahman [Lot. de Lassen’s Anthologie b. l. 105.] — c) pl. einer Gruppe von Kiṃnara [Lot. de Lassen’s Anthologie b. l. 3.] —

3) f. ā a) Nomen proprium der Gattin Mātali’s [Mahābhārata 5, 3519. 3521.] — b) Name der Versammlungshalle der Götter [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 1 44.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 178.] [Mahābhārata 2, 84.] [Harivaṃśa 6565. 6569. 15350. 15538. 15542.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 56, 32. 81, 10 (82, 9 Gorresio).] [Raghuvaṃśa 17, 27.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 106, 163.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 14, 34. 38. 10, 50, 55. 68, 35. 70, 17. 11, 30, 4.] [PAÑCAR. 1, 4, 66.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 5, 21, 14. 38, 7.] [Lot. de Lassen’s Anthologie b. l. 219.] —

3) f. ī = sudharmā b) Comm zu [Amarakoṣa] nach [Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. saudharma .

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sudharma in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sudharma (सुधर्म) [Also spelled sudharm]:—(nm) virtuous duty, piety; hence ~[rmā] (a); ~[rmī] (a).

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