Sthapana, Sthāpanā, Sthāpana: 23 definitions
Sthapana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Sthapan.
Images (photo gallery)
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Sthāpanā (स्थापना) refers to “prologue”. More specifically, it refers to the prologue of a Nāṭaka play. It is also known as Prastavanā. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).
Sthāpana (स्थापन) refers to the “fixing or erecting of an image”.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Sthāpana (स्थापन) refers to certain a ceremony to be performed during pūjā (ritualistic worship), according to the Arcanāvidhipaṭala of Kāmikāgama.—Then [after āvāhana], the Ācārya, with flowers in his hands, meditates on the Śiva that he has invoked. He then performs sthāpana and sannidhāna with the respective mudrās. He performs sānnirodhana with the corresponding mudrā. The pūjā is fruitless if this is not performed. He then performs avakuṇṭhana with the corresponding mudrā.Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions
Sthāpana (स्थापन) refers to the “installation (of the Liṅga)”, according to the 9th-century Sarvajñānottaratantra chapter 18.—Accordingly, “Next, I shall teach the best observance among observances, which is known as the Śiva-vrata and which is revered by Asuras and Gods alike. [...] Next, I shall teach the characteristics of a temple of Śiva, as well as [how to perform] the installation of the Liṅga (sthāpana—sthāpanaṃ caiva liṅgasya), in which the universe is [itself] ‘installed.’ All the gods, beginning with Brahmā, reside in the liṅga; therefore a Yogin who venerates his guru, God and the fire and who has performed his vidyāvrata should install the liṅga, following the procedure taught in scripture. [...]”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Sthāpanā (स्थापना):—Justifying a proposition on the basis of reasons, instance, and conclusion.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Sthāpana (स्थापन) or Ghaṭīsthāpana refers to “establishing” (the water clock—ghaṭī), according to the Ghaṭikāyantraghaṭanāvidhi, an unpublished manuscript describing the ritual connected with the setting up of the water clock and its invocation.—Accordingly, “[...] Now the characteristics of the ground on which the water clock is to be set up [i.e., ghaṭī-sthāpana-bhūlakṣaṇa]. On a ground, sloped to the east and north,58 which has been smeared with cow-dung, a vessel called kuṇḍa, faultless (avraṇa) and auspicious, should be placed ... upon grains of rice and should be encircled with thread dyed in saffron; then it should be filled with clear water. The water clock (i.e. the bowl) should be placed on the placid water in the basin, when the Sun’s orb is half visible, after worshipping Gaṇeśa and the Sun, and after bowing to the teacher and to the personal deity. [...]”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Sthāpana (स्थापन) refers to “storage” (e.g., for gold, cloths, water, grain, etc.), according to the Devyāmata (chapter 105).—Accordingly, [while describing the layout of the residence (gṛha) for the prāsādāśramin]—“[...] Storage (sthāpana) for gems, gold and cloths is recommended in the east, and for water in the south and centre. Grain storage (sthāpana) is recommended in the west. In the northwest is storage for the mortar. [...]”.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Sthāpana (स्थापन) refers to the “construction (of the altar)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.39 (“The gods arrive at Kailāsa”).—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu said to Śiva: “[...] O Śiva, let the rites of your marriage with the daughter of the lord of mountains be performed according to the laws laid down in the Gṛhya Sūtras. The rites followed in your marriage, O Śiva, will become famous and be followed in the world. Please cause the construction of the altar (maṇḍapa-sthāpana) and the Nāndīmukha according to family tradition. Thus you will be spreading your glory in the world, O lord”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Yoga (school of philosophy)
Sthāpana (स्थापन) refers to the “placement (of the tongue)” (above the uvula), according to the the Dakṣiṇāmūrti (Dakṣiṇāmūrtistotrabhāvārthavārttika), otherwise known as the Mānasollāsa and attributed to a Sureśvarācārya.—Accordingly, while discussing Hathayogic Mudrās as part of Yoga practices: “The contraction [and drawing up] of the downward moving breath and the stopping [and drawing down] the upward moving breath and the placement (sthāpana) of the tongue above the uvula is the practice of Yoga”.
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
General definition (in Hinduism)
Sthapana refers to “fixing and consecrating the image” and represents one of the various daily ceremonies performed during puja (worship).—Offering of water and food or tirtham and prasadam to the deities on the different occasions or specified hours of the day is an important item in the daily pujas. [...] While for the daily routine, only ordinary plain rice was offered, special food preparations were offered often on festival days. [...] The daily routine includes a number of ceremonies [viz., Sthapana] that are repeated.
Languages of India and abroad
sthāpana (स्थापन).—n (S) sthāpanā f (S) Placing, setting, laying, fixing. 2 Establishing, erecting, instituting, founding, raising, setting up. 3 Settling, ordering, ordaining, appointing, determining. 4 Substantiating, proving, evincing, verifying. 5 Among devotees. Fixing or concentrating the thoughts upon the object of meditation. 6 A certain ceremony performed in the month of utero-gestation.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
sthāpana (स्थापन).—n-nā f Placing; settling. Establi- shing; proving.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Placing, fixing, founding, establishing.
2) Arranging, regulating (as a drama), stage-management.
3) A prologue of the drama; (see plays of Bhāsa).
4) Storing, keeping, preserving.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sthāpana (स्थापन).—nt. (compare Pali ṭhapana, same meaning), omission, avoidance: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.176.8 adharmeṇa karmaṇā kopyena °nārheṇa (which ought to be avoided); so iii.73.16 etc.; poṣadha-°na, omission, suspension, of the p°, Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iii. 108.11 ff. (list of valid and invalid reasons for it, as in Pali, Vin. ii.241.26 ff., pātimokkha-ṭhapanaṃ).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-naṃ) 1. Placing, founding, fixing, erecting. 2. Ordering, directing. 3. Fixing or concentrating the thoughts upon the object of meditation, abstraction, mental control. 4. A ceremony performed in the month of utero-gestation. 5. A dwelling, a habitation. f.
(-nā) 1. Ordering or arranging as a drama, stage-management. 2. Placing, fixing. f. (-nī) A plant, (Cissampelos hexandra.) E. ṣṭhā to stay or stand, causal form, aff. lyuṭ or yuc .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sthāpana (स्थापन).—i. e. sthā, [Causal.], + ana, I. n. 1. Placing, Naiṣ. 22, 45, Sch.; fixing, erecting, founding. 2. Concentrating one’s thoughts upon the object of meditation. 3. Ordering. 4. A habitation. 5. A ceremony performed when the mother perceives the first signs of living conception. Ii. f. nā, Stage management. Iii. f. nī, A plant, Cissampelos hexandra.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sthāpana (स्थापन).—[adjective] establishing, fixing, settling, founding; [neuter] & [feminine] ā the act of establishing etc.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Sthāpana (स्थापन):—[from sthā] mfn. ([from] [Causal]) causing to stand etc.
2) [v.s. ...] maintaining, preserving (See vayaḥ-sth)
3) [v.s. ...] fixing, determining, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]
4) Sthāpanā (स्थापना):—[from sthāpana > sthā] f. the act of causing to stand firmly or fixing, supporting (as an attribute of the earth), [Mahābhārata; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]
5) [v.s. ...] storing, keeping, preserving, [Campaka-śreṣṭhi-kathānaka]
6) [v.s. ...] fixed order or regulation, [ib.]
7) [v.s. ...] establishing, establishment, dialectical proof (of a proposition), [ib.; Caraka; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]
8) [v.s. ...] arranging, regulating or directing (as a drama etc.), stage-management (cf. sthā-paka), [Horace H. Wilson]
9) Sthāpana (स्थापन):—[from sthā] n. causing to stand, fixing, establishing, founding, instituting, raising, erecting (an image etc.), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Inscriptions]
10) [v.s. ...] putting or placing or laying upon ([compound]), [Suśruta; Naiṣadha-carita [Scholiast or Commentator]]
11) [v.s. ...] fastening, fixing, rendering immovable, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
12) [v.s. ...] hanging, suspending, [Catalogue(s)]
13) [v.s. ...] strengthening (of the limbs), preservation or prolongation (of life) or a means of strengthening etc., [Suśruta; Caraka]
14) [v.s. ...] a means of stopping (the flow of blood), styptic, [ib.]
15) [v.s. ...] storage (of grain), [Kṛṣisaṃgraha]
16) [v.s. ...] establishment or dialectical proof of a proposition, [Madhusūdana]
17) [v.s. ...] statement, definition, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]
18) [v.s. ...] a [particular] process to which quicksilver is subjected, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]
19) [v.s. ...] = puṃ-savana, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
20) [v.s. ...] fixing the thoughts, abstraction, [Horace H. Wilson]
21) [v.s. ...] a dwelling, habitation, [ib.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sthāpana (स्थापन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Fixing the mind, abstraction; ceremony in the month of utero-gestation; a dwelling; placing; directing. f. (ā) Stage management; (ī) a plant, Cissampelos.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Sthāpana (स्थापन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṭhavaṇa, Ṭhavaṇā, Ṭhāvaṇa, Thappaṇa, Thāvaṇa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
1) Sthāpana (स्थापन) [Also spelled sthapan]:—(nm) foundation, erection, fixation; propounding; establishment, setting up.
2) Sthāpanā (स्थापना):—(nf) propounding; founding, establishing; installing (an idol); see [sthāpana; —karanā] to propound; to found, to establish; to institute; to fix; to instal an idol (in a temple).
1) [noun] = ಸ್ಥಾಪನೆ [sthapane].
2) [noun] a ritual observed during the early stage of a woman’s pregnancy, with the desire of having a male child.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Sthapana-shravaka, Sthapanacarya, Sthapanacharya, Sthapanama, Sthapanamavritta, Sthapanamgey, Sthapananikshepa, Sthapanarthamandapa, Sthapanavade, Sthapanavritta.
Ends with (+56): Adhishthapana, Agnisthapana, Anumanapramanyavyavasthapana, Anupasthapana, Anushthapana, Arcasthapana, Archasthapana, Arghasamsthapana, Asthapana, Aucityasthapana, Avasthapana, Ayusthapana, Balasthapana, Cittasthapana, Devasthapana, Dhanyasthapana, Dharmasamsthapana, Ghatasthapana, Ghatikasthapana, Ghatisthapana.
Full-text (+69): Thavana, Upasthapana, Ghatasthapana, Samsthapana, Prasthapana, Asthapana, Avasthapana, Nikshepa, Vastusthapana, Vayahsthapana, Poshadha, Sthapanavritta, Matrikasthapana, Shilasthapanapaddhati, Satyeshasthapanapuja, Nityalilasthapana, Nakshatrasthapana, Ratnalingasthapanavidhi, Devatasthapanavidhi, Sthapanacarya.
Search found 32 books and stories containing Sthapana, Sthāpanā, Sthāpana; (plurals include: Sthapanas, Sthāpanās, Sthāpanas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary) (by Vijay K. Jain)
Verse 1.5 - Avoid deviation from established conventions < [Chapter 1 - Right Faith and Knowledge]
Verse 1.6 - Attainment of knowledge of the seven categories < [Chapter 1 - Right Faith and Knowledge]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 2.1.48 < [Chapter 1 - Description of the Entrance in Vṛndāvana]
Verse 2.2.33 < [Chapter 2 - Description of Girirāja Govardhana’s Birth]
Verse 2.2.32 < [Chapter 2 - Description of Girirāja Govardhana’s Birth]
Dasarupaka (critical study) (by Anuru Ranjan Mishra)
Part 11 - Technical Aspects of a Utsṛṣṭikāṅka < [Chapter 8 - Utsṛṣṭikāṅka (critical study)]
Part 11 - The technical aspects of a Bhāṇa < [Chapter 2 - Bhāṇa (critical study)]
Part 11 - Technical Aspects of a Vyāyoga < [Chapter 5 - Vyāyoga (critical study)]
Vivekachudamani (by Shankara)
Philosophy of Charaka-samhita (by Asokan. G)
Dialectical terms (2): Demonstration (sthāpanā) < [Chapter 7 - Logic and Dialectical Speculations]
Dialectical terms [in Charaka philosophy] < [Chapter 7 - Logic and Dialectical Speculations]
Ten technical debate terms [in Charaka philosophy] < [Chapter 7 - Logic and Dialectical Speculations]
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 2.1.287 < [Chapter 1 - The Beginning of the Lord’s Manifestation and His Instructions on Kṛṣṇa-saṅkīrtana]
Verse 1.8.194 < [Chapter 8 - The Disappearance of Jagannātha Miśra]
Verse 1.10.16-18 < [Chapter 10 - Marriage with Śrī Lakṣmīpriyā]