Nikshepa, aka: Nikṣepa; 8 Definition(s)
Nikshepa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Nikṣepa can be transliterated into English as Niksepa or Nikshepa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Nikṣepa (निक्षेप) refers to “deposits”, and is commonly classified as one of the eighteen vyavahārapada, or “law titles” in the ancient Dharmaśāstras. These vyavahārapadas are categories of ‘legal procedures’ and define a major type of crime for which a person may be tried. The term is derived from vyavahāra (“lawsuits” or “case”) which defines the case between the plaintiff and the defendant, which is often related to social and commercial transactions.
Nikṣepa is mentioned in the following sources as one of the eighteen vyavahārapadas: the Manusmṛti (8.4-7) and the Nāradasmṛti (mātṛkā 1.30). In the Arthaśāstra this is known as Aupanidhika and in the Yājñavalkyasmṛti as Upanidhi.(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Nikṣepa (निक्षेप).—Deposit; loss of, must be made good; failure to return deposit and false claim to it to be punished like theft with a fine of twice the amount involved.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 227. 1-2.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Jainism)
Nikṣepa (निक्षेप) refers to “placing” or “representation” and it is one of the factors making up the 108 kinds of adhikaraṇa (‘substratum’) of the non-living beings (ajīva). This substratum (instruments of inflow) represents the foundation or the basis of an entity.
Nikṣepa is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
Nikṣepa (निक्षेप, “placing”).—What is meant by placing (nikṣepa)? To place /keep articles on floor etc is called placing. Placing is of four types namely:
- quick (sahasā),
- carelessly (anābhoga),
- without inspection (apratyavekṣita),
- disinterested (duḥpramṛṣṭa).
Nikṣepa (निक्षेप, “presentation”).—What is meant by nikṣepa (gateways of investigations by installing/ presenting / positionig)? Nikṣepa is the entry /starting points for investigation of truth and its categories. It is also called nyāsa /trust.
There are four:
- name-position (nāma-nikṣepa),
- symbols (sthāpanā-nikṣepa),
- substance/ potentiality presentation (dravya-nikṣepa),
- mode / actuality presentation (bhāva-nikṣepa).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
nikṣēpa (निक्षेप).—m (S) Placing, putting, depositing. 2 A deposit or trust: also a pledge or pawn. 3 A buried or hidden treasure.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
nikṣēpa (निक्षेप).—m Placing. A deposit or trust. A buried treasure.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Throwing or casting on (with acc.); अलं मान्यानां व्याख्यानेषु कटाक्षनिक्षेपेण (alaṃ mānyānāṃ vyākhyāneṣu kaṭākṣanikṣepeṇa) S. D.2.
2) A deposit, pledge, pawn in general; निक्षेपे पतिते हर्म्ये श्रेष्ठी स्तौति स्वदेवताम् । निक्षेपी म्रियते तुभ्यं प्रदास्याम्युपयाचितम् (nikṣepe patite harmye śreṣṭhī stauti svadevatām | nikṣepī mriyate tubhyaṃ pradāsyāmyupayācitam) || Pt.1.14; Ms.8.4.
3) Anything deposited without a seal in trust or as a compensation, an open deposit; समक्षं तु निक्षेपणं निक्षेपः (samakṣaṃ tu nikṣepaṇaṃ nikṣepaḥ) Mitā. on Y.2.67.
4) Sending away.
5) Throwing away, abandoning.
6) Wiping, drying.
7) Treasure-trove; निक्षेपस्वर्णसंपूर्णकटाहजठरां धराम् (nikṣepasvarṇasaṃpūrṇakaṭāhajaṭharāṃ dharām) Śiva. B.3.6.
Derivable forms: nikṣepaḥ (निक्षेपः).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 23 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Sthāpanānikṣepa (स्थापनानिक्षेप, “symbols”) refers to one of the four nikṣepa (gateways of inve...
Bhāvanikṣepa (भावनिक्षेप, “mode presentation”) refers to one of the four nikṣepa (gateways of i...
Ādānanikṣepa (आदाननिक्षेप) refers to “care in lifting and putting thing” and forms part of the ...
Dravyanikṣepa (द्रव्यनिक्षेप, “substance presentation”) refers to one of the four nikṣepa (gate...
Nāmanikṣepa (नामनिक्षेप, “name-position”) refers to one of the four nikṣepa (gateways of invest...
Pakṣanikṣepa (पक्षनिक्षेप).—the placing on the side of, counting among. Derivable forms: pakṣan...
Sarvanikṣepā (सर्वनिक्षेपा).—a particular method of counting. Sarvanikṣepā is a Sanskrit compou...
Nikṣepavaṇik (निक्षेपवणिक्).—a merchant with whom goods are left in deposit N.3.43.Nikṣepavaṇik...
Sahasā (सहसा).—ind.1) With force, forcibly.2) Rashly, precipitately, inconsiderately; सहसा विदध...
Upanidhi (उपनिधि).—1) A deposit, pledge, property entrusted to another. प्रादायोपनिधिं राजा पाण...
Anābhoga (“lack of effort”) also refers to the one of the “six obstacles to concentration” (sam...
Vyavahārapada (व्यवहारपद).—= व्यवहारविषय (vyavahāraviṣaya) q. v. Derivable forms: vyavahārapada...
Nikkhepa, (Sk. nikṣepa, see nikkhipati) putting down, laying down; casting off, discarding, el...
Ahiṃsāvrata (अहिंसाव्रत) refers to the “vow of non-violence” according to the 2nd-century Tattv...
Aupanidhika (औपनिधिक).—a. (-kī f.) [उपनिधि-ठक् (upanidhi-ṭhak)] Forming or relating to, a depos...
Search found 6 books and stories containing Nikshepa or Nikṣepa. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Section XXXII - Deposits (nikṣepa) < [Discourse VIII - Law (Civil and Criminal)]
Verse 11.88 < [Section VII - Special Expiation for Special Offences: (a) For Killing a Brāhmaṇa]
Verse 8.188 < [Section XXXII - Deposits (nikṣepa)]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 4 - Rāmānuja Literature < [Chapter XVIII - An Historical and Literary Survey of the Viśiṣṭādvaita School of Thought]
Part 3 - Āḻvārs and Śrī-vaiṣṇavas on certain points of controversy in religious dogmas < [Chapter XVII - The Āḻvārs]
Part 5 - Philosophy of the Ahirbudhnya-saṃhitā < [Chapter XVI - The Pañcarātra]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 4 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 5 - Nature of bhakti < [Chapter XXXIII - The Philosophy of Jiva Gosvāmī and Baladeva Vidyābhūṣaṇā]
Shri Gaudiya Kanthahara (by Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati)