Smarta, Smārta: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Smarta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Smart.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta

Smārta (स्मार्त).—At that time there were many smārtas (nondevotee followers of Vedic rituals) at the holy place of Navadvīpa, which was also the birthplace of Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu. Followers of the smṛti-śāstra are called smārtas. Most of them are nondevotees, and their main business is following the brahminical principles strictly. However, they are not enlightened in devotional service. In Navadvīpa all the learned scholars are followers of the smṛti-śāstra, and Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu did not attempt to convert them. Therefore the author has remarked that the spiritual potency Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu did not manifest at Navadvīpa was by His grace manifest in South India.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Smārta (स्मार्त) refers to “(1) One who rigidly adheres to the Smṛtis, being overly attached to external rituals without comprehending the underlying essence, or conclusion, of śāstra. (2) The brāhmaṇa followers of Śaṅkara”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Smarta (स्‍मर्त): A Hindu denomination, which follows Advaita philosophy and considers that all gods are manifestations of Ishvar.

Source: Academia.edu: Bhadramaṇḍalas: Invoking Divinities in Smārta Ritual

Smarta (स्मर्त) is a loos term used for a brahmin who adheres to the non-sectarian orthodoxy, one who considers himself to be neither exclusively Shiv-oriented (Shaiva) nor exclusively Vishnu-oriented (Vaishnava). Rather than worshipping one deity exclusively, the Smarta tradition frequently combines the worship of five major deities. The five deities are now commonly held to be Vishu, Shiva, Devi (Durga), Ganesha/Ganapati, and the Sun God Surya.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

smartā (स्मर्ता).—a S That recollects or remembers; that recalls to mind or retains in mind.

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smārta (स्मार्त).—a (S) That follows or professes the doctrine of the Smriti or inspired codes of law. 2 That is prescribed by the Smriti, that is conformable &c. to the Smriti, legal, canonical. 3 Relating to memory; memorative, memorial &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

smārta (स्मार्त).—a That follows the doctrine of the smṛtī. m A follower of a sect of that name.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Smārta (स्मार्त).—a. [smṛtau vihitaḥ, smṛtiṃ vettyadhīte vā aṇ]

1) Relating to memory, remembered, memorial.

2) Being within memory; स्मार्तमस्ति पुराणं मे यथैवाधिगतं तथा (smārtamasti purāṇaṃ me yathaivādhigataṃ tathā) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3. 179.2.

3) Based on or recorded in a Smṛti, prescribed in a code of laws; कर्म स्मार्तविवाहाग्नौ कुर्वीत प्रत्यहं गृही (karma smārtavivāhāgnau kurvīta pratyahaṃ gṛhī) Y.1.97; Manusmṛti 1.18.

4) Legal.

5) Following or professing the law-books.

-rtaḥ 1 A Brāhmaṇa well-versed in traditional law.

2) One who follows the traditional law; धर्मोऽयं गृहमेधिनां निगदितः स्मार्तैर्लघुः स्वर्गदः (dharmo'yaṃ gṛhamedhināṃ nigaditaḥ smārtairlaghuḥ svargadaḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.253.

3) Name of a sect.

-tam An act or rite enjoined by the Smṛti, a legal act.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Smārta (स्मार्त).—i. e. smṛti + a, I. adj. 1. Memorial, relating to memory. 2. Within memory. 3. Recorded in the Smṛtis, or codes of law, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 108. 4. Following or professing the law books. Ii. m. A Brāhmaṇa following the revealed law; one who knows the traditional law, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 283.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Smārta (स्मार्त).—[adjective] relating to memory, based on tradition.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Smārta (स्मार्त) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—i. e. Raghunandana. Quoted in Vyavahāramayūkha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Smārta (स्मार्त):—a etc. See p. 1272, col. 2.

2) [from smṛ] b mfn. ([from] smṛti) relating to memory, memorial, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] recorded in or based on the Smṛti (q.v.), based on tradition, prescribed or sanctioned by traditional law or usage, legal, [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Yājñavalkya; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

4) [v.s. ...] versed in tradition, [Pañcatantra]

5) [v.s. ...] m. an orthodox Brāhman versed in or guided by traditional law and usage ([especially] a follower of Śaṃkarācārya and of the Vedānta doctrine), [Religious Thought and Life in India 55; 95]

6) [v.s. ...] = smārta-bhaṭṭācārya, [Catalogue(s)]

7) [v.s. ...] n. any act or rite enjoined by Smṛti, legal act, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

[Sanskrit to German]

Smarta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Smārta (स्मार्त) [Also spelled smart]:—(a) pertaining/belonging to [smṛti] (code of traditional Hindu law); (nm) one who believes in the Smriti.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Smārta (ಸ್ಮಾರ್ತ):—

1) [adjective] relating to memory; memorial.

2) [adjective] remembered; recollected.

3) [adjective] based on tradition; prescribed or sanctioned by traditional law.

4) [adjective] legal; lawful.

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Smārta (ಸ್ಮಾರ್ತ):—

1) [noun] any thing that is prescribed by traditional law.

2) [noun] a treatise on traditional law.

3) [noun] a man who follows strictly the prescription of traditional laws.

4) [noun] a sect or clan among brāhmaṇas, the members of which are the followers of Śrī Śaṃkarācārya, the propounder of Advaita philosophy.

5) [noun] a member of this school.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Smārta (स्मार्त):—adj. 1. relating to memory; 2. based on or recorded in स्मृति [smṛti] ; prescribed in a code of laws;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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