Shvan, Śvan: 6 definitions


Shvan means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śvan can be transliterated into English as Svan or Shvan, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Śvan (श्वन्) in the Rigveda and later is the word for ‘dog’, the feminine being Śunī. The dog was a tame animal, and used to guard the house from thieves or other intruders. He was also employed in hunting the boar (varāha-yu), but was no match for the lion. A hundred dogs are mentioned as a gift in a Dānastuti (‘Praise of Gifts’) in a Vālakhilya hymn. Elsewhere the dog is regarded as unfit for sacrifice, as being unclean, and is driven away from the sacrifice.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śvan (श्वन्).—m. [śvi-kanin ni° Uṇ.1.158] (Nom. śvā, śvānau, śvānaḥ acc. pl. śunaḥ; śunī f.) A dog; श्वा यदि क्रियते राजा स किं नाश्नात्युपानहम् (śvā yadi kriyate rājā sa kiṃ nāśnātyupānaham) Subhāṣ; Bh.2.31; Ms.2.28.

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Svan (स्वन्).—1 P. (svanati)

1) To sound, make a noise; पूर्णाः पेराश्च सस्वनुः (pūrṇāḥ perāśca sasvanuḥ) Bk.14.3; वेणवः कीचकास्ते स्युर्ये स्वनन्त्यनिलोद्धताः (veṇavaḥ kīcakāste syurye svanantyaniloddhatāḥ) Bk.

2) To hum (as a bee); रहस्याख्यायीव स्वनसि मृदु कर्णान्तिकचरः (rahasyākhyāyīva svanasi mṛdu karṇāntikacaraḥ) Ś.1.24.

3) To sing. -Caus. (svanayati-te)

1) To cause to resound.

2) To sound.

3) To adorn (svānayati in this sense).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvan (श्वन्).—m.

(-śvā-śvānau-śvānaḥ) Accu. plu.

(-śunaḥ) A dog. f. (-śunī) A bitch. E. śvi to increase, Unadi aff. kanin, form irr.

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Svan (स्वन्).—r. 1st cl. (svanati) 1. To sound. 2. To sing. Caus. (svanayati-te) 1. To make to resound. 2. To sound. 3. To dress, to adorn, (in this sense more usually svānayati-te). With vi or ava prefixed, in a limited sense, the initial is changed, (avaṣvaṇati or viṣvaṇati) To make a noise whilst eating.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvan (श्वन्).— (probably from śvi), I. m. A dog, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 112, M. M. Ii. f. śunī, A bitch.

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Svan (स्वन्).—i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] To sound, e. g. to sing, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 65, 5. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. I. svanita, Sounding. n. The noise of thunder. Ii. svānta, Sounded. [Causal.] svănaya, † 1. To cause to sound. 2. † To sound. 3. and svānaya, † To adorn.

— With the prep. ava ava, or vi vi, To make a noise when eating; in this signification the vb. is changed to ṣvaṇ.

— With ni ni, nisvanita, n. Noise, Mahābhārata 7, 324.

— Cf. [Latin] sonare.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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