Shvan, Śvan, Svāṉ: 10 definitions


Shvan means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śvan can be transliterated into English as Svan or Shvan, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Śvan (श्वन्) (or Śvāna) refers to a “dog”, according to the Devyāmata (in the section śalyoddhāra-paṭala or “excavation of extraneous substances”).—Accordingly, “[...] If a cat [intrudes into the site] stepping over [a cord] while a cord is being cast, it should be understood that there is the bone of an ass beneath that spot of the site. If a dog (śvanyadi śvā) steps over a cord, [the officiant] should prognosticate the bone of a dog (śvāna-asthiśvānāsthim ādiśet) [beneath] the [spot of the site]. [...]”.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Śvan (श्वन्) in the Rigveda and later is the word for ‘dog’, the feminine being Śunī. The dog was a tame animal, and used to guard the house from thieves or other intruders. He was also employed in hunting the boar (varāha-yu), but was no match for the lion. A hundred dogs are mentioned as a gift in a Dānastuti (‘Praise of Gifts’) in a Vālakhilya hymn. Elsewhere the dog is regarded as unfit for sacrifice, as being unclean, and is driven away from the sacrifice.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śvan (श्वन्).—m. [śvi-kanin ni° Uṇādi-sūtra 1.158] (Nom. śvā, śvānau, śvānaḥ acc. pl. śunaḥ; śunī f.) A dog; श्वा यदि क्रियते राजा स किं नाश्नात्युपानहम् (śvā yadi kriyate rājā sa kiṃ nāśnātyupānaham) Subhāṣ; Bhartṛhari 2.31; Manusmṛti 2.28.

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Svan (स्वन्).—1 P. (svanati)

1) To sound, make a noise; पूर्णाः पेराश्च सस्वनुः (pūrṇāḥ perāśca sasvanuḥ) Bhaṭṭikāvya 14.3; वेणवः कीचकास्ते स्युर्ये स्वनन्त्यनिलोद्धताः (veṇavaḥ kīcakāste syurye svanantyaniloddhatāḥ) Bk.

2) To hum (as a bee); रहस्याख्यायीव स्वनसि मृदु कर्णान्तिकचरः (rahasyākhyāyīva svanasi mṛdu karṇāntikacaraḥ) Ś.1.24.

3) To sing. -Caus. (svanayati-te)

1) To cause to resound.

2) To sound.

3) To adorn (svānayati in this sense).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvan (श्वन्).—m.

(-śvā-śvānau-śvānaḥ) Accu. plu.

(-śunaḥ) A dog. f. (-śunī) A bitch. E. śvi to increase, Unadi aff. kanin, form irr.

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Svan (स्वन्).—r. 1st cl. (svanati) 1. To sound. 2. To sing. Caus. (svanayati-te) 1. To make to resound. 2. To sound. 3. To dress, to adorn, (in this sense more usually svānayati-te). With vi or ava prefixed, in a limited sense, the initial is changed, (avaṣvaṇati or viṣvaṇati) To make a noise whilst eating.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvan (श्वन्).— (probably from śvi), I. m. A dog, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 112, M. M. Ii. f. śunī, A bitch.

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Svan (स्वन्).—i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] To sound, e. g. to sing, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 65, 5. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. I. svanita, Sounding. n. The noise of thunder. Ii. svānta, Sounded. [Causal.] svănaya, † 1. To cause to sound. 2. † To sound. 3. and svānaya, † To adorn.

— With the prep. ava ava, or vi vi, To make a noise when eating; in this signification the vb. is changed to ṣvaṇ.

— With ni ni, nisvanita, n. Noise, Mahābhārata 7, 324.

— Cf. [Latin] sonare.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvan (श्वन्).—[masculine] śunī [feminine] dog, bitch.

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Svan (स्वन्).—svanati svanate [participle] svanita (q.v.) sound, roar, cry, hum. [Causative] svanayati = [Simple]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śvan (श्वन्):—1. śvan m. ([nominative case] sg. [dual number] [plural] śvā, śvānau, śvānas; weakest base śun cf. 2. śuna etc., p.1082; in some [compound] śvā for śva cf. below), a dog, hound, cur, [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

2) cf. [Zend] spā; [Greek] κύων; [Latin] canis; Lit. szú; [Gothic] hunds; [English] hound; [German] Hund.

3) 2. śvan ([probably] [from] √śvi) in ṛji-, durgṛbhi-, and mātari-śvan, qq.vv.

4) Svan (स्वन्):—1. svan [class] 1. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xix, 79]) svanati (mc. also te; [perfect tense] sasvāna, 3. [plural] sasvanuḥ [Gr. also svenuḥ] [Mahābhārata] etc.; [Aorist] asvanīt, svānīt, [Ṛg-veda] [for [Aorist] [Parasmaipada] svani See adhiand anu-ṣvan]; [future] svanitā, svaniṣyati [grammar]; [infinitive mood] svanitum, [ib.]),

—to sound, make any noise, roar, yell, hum, sing, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.:—[Causal] svanayati ([Aorist] asisvanat), to sound, resound, [Ṛg-veda; Bhāgavata-purāṇa];

—to adorn (in this sense also svānayati), [Dhātupāṭha xix, 62] :—[Desiderative] sisvaniṣati [grammar]:—[Intensive] saṃsvanyate, saṃsvanti (cf. pari-ṣvan), [ib.]

5) cf. [Latin] sonit, sonus, sonare; [Anglo-Saxon] swin; [English] swan; [German] Schwan.

6) 2. svan See tuvi-ṣvan.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śvan (श्वन्):—(śvā) 5. m. A dog; śunī a bitch.

2) Svan (स्वन्):—svanati 1. a. To sound. (ka) svanayati 10. a. To adorn. With prep. ava or vi to make a noise whilst eating.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śvan (श्वन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shvan in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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