Savishesha, Saviśeṣa: 12 definitions


Savishesha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Saviśeṣa can be transliterated into English as Savisesa or Savishesha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Saviśeṣa (सविशेष) refers to “with features and unique qualities”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Savishesha in Vedanta glossary
Source: Google Books: Sannyasa Upanishad

Saviśeṣa (सविशेष) refers to “(Brahman) with attributes”, according to the the commentary on the Kuṇḍika-upaniṣad verse 28.—The worshippers of the pure, resplendent Brahman (śabala-brahma) enter the world of Brahma (brahmaloka), that is, the sphere of Hiraṇyagarbha, along the path of the Sun (sūryamārga, or uttarāyaṇa-mārga) by exiting from the crown of the head (brahma-randhra) through the suṣumṇā canal; and there they are engaged in their quest for the attributeless Brahman till the end of the kalpa (till pralaya, or great dissolution, takes place). Having lived there till such time, they ultimately merge with Brahman on the attenuation of their subtle desires and attractions (vāsanā-kṣaya). Thereafter they never return to the plane of relative existence. This is the gradual liberation (krama-mukti) attained by the knowers of Brahman with attributes (saviśeṣa brahmajñānī). On the other hand, the knowers of the attributeless, absolute Brahman (nirviśeṣa brahmajñānī) will attain direct, instant liberation (sadyo-mukti), here and now (ihaiva).

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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Savishesha in Yoga glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Saviśeṣa (सविशेष) (Cf. Viśeṣa) refers to “with full details”, according to Śivānandasarasvatī’s Yogacintāmaṇi, a 17th-century text on Haṭhayoga by consisting of 3423 verses.—Accordingly, “Meditation along with the practices [ancillary to it] have been explained briefly by me according to scripture and my understanding. Listening to and contemplating [the teachings] which are seen in detail (saviśeṣa) and at length only in the Upaniṣads, have not been discussed for fear of prolixity. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Savishesha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saviśeṣa (सविशेष).—a.

1) Possessing characteristic qualities.

2) Peculiar, extraordinary.

3) Special, particular; Uttararāmacarita 4.

4) Pre-eminent, superior, excellent.

5) Discriminative. (saviśeṣam and saviśeṣatas are used adverbially in the sense of 'especially', 'particularly', 'exceedingly'; anena dharmaḥ saviśeṣamadya me trivargasāraḥ pratibhāti bhāmini Kumārasambhava 5.38; oft. in comp.; dvirephamālā saviśeṣasaṅgā Kumārasambhava 1.27; R.16.53.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saviśeṣa (सविशेष).—mfn.

(-ṣaḥ-ṣā-ṣaṃ) 1. Excellent, superior. 2. Having characteristic qualities. 3. Discriminative. 4. Peculiar. E. sa with, viśeṣa excellence.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saviśeṣa (सविशेष).—adj. 1. having discrimination, [Hitopadeśa] 55, 13. 2. having characteristic qualities. 3. extraordinary, [Hitopadeśa] 60, 6, M.M.

Saviśeṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and viśeṣa (विशेष).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saviśeṣa (सविशेष).—[adjective] having distinguishing qualities, extraordinary, uncommon; having discrimination, discriminating; °— & [neuter] [adverb] distinctly, peculiarly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saviśeṣa (सविशेष):—[=sa-viśeṣa] [from sa > sa-vaṃśā] mfn. possessing specific or characteristic qualities, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

2) [v.s. ...] peculiar, singular, extraordinary, [Kumāra-sambhava; Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] having discrimination, discriminating, [Hitopadeśa]

4) [=sa-viśeṣa] [from sa > sa-vaṃśā] n. the number indicating the proportion of the diagonal of a square to its side, [Śulba-sūtra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saviśeṣa (सविशेष):—[sa-viśeṣa] (ṣaḥ-ṣā-ṣaṃ) a. Peculiar; distinguished.

[Sanskrit to German]

Savishesha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Savishesha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saviśeṣa (सविशेष):—(a) peculiar, singular, characteristic.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Savishesha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saviśēṣa (ಸವಿಶೇಷ):—[adjective] special; exceptional; extraordinary.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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