Nirasa, Nirāsa, Nīrasa, Nirasha, Nir-asha: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Nirasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nirash.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nirāsa : (adj.) desireless.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nīrasa, (adj.) (Sk. nīrasa, nis+rasa) sapless, dried up, withered, tasteless, insipid J. III, 111. (Page 375)

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Nirāsa, (adj.) (nis+āsā) not hungry, not longing for anything, desireless S. I, 12, 23, 141; A. I, 107 sq.; Sn. 1048 (anigha+), 1078 (id.); Nd2 360; Pug. 27; Pv IV. 133 (=nittaṇha PvA. 230). See also amama. (Page 370)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirasa (निरस).—a (nīrasa S) Of secondary or inferior quality; lower in goodness.

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nirasā (निरसा).—a Neither scalded nor mixed with water;--used of milk. Note. dūdha being neuter, nirasēṃ or śēṃ is the only form that occurs.

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nirasā (निरसा).—a P (Commonly nirasa) Of secondary or inferior quality.

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nirāśa (निराश).—a (S) pop. nirāsa a Despondent, despairing, hopeless. 2 Undesirous; that has relinquished or lost the wish of.

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nirāśā (निराशा).—f (S) Despair or despondency. 2 Freedom from desire or exemption from hope--desire and hope being hostile to that quietude which (in the doctrine of quietism) is the supreme beatitude. Ex. tyā karmācē nirāśēṃ prakāśē svasvarūpa.

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nirāsa (निरास).—m S nirāsana n S Throwing off, removing, rejecting.

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nirāsa (निरास).—f (Vulgar. nirāśā S) Despair or hopelessness.

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nīrasa (नीरस).—a S Destitute of juice or sap; dry, tasteless, vapid, spiritless, lit. fig.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nirasa (निरस).—a Of secondary or inferior quality, lower in goodness.

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nirasā (निरसा).—a Neither scalded nor mixed with water-used of milk.

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nirāśa (निराश) [-sa, -स].—a Despondent, hopeless. Undesirous.

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nirāśā (निराशा).—f Despair, despondency. Free- dom from desire.

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nirāsa (निरास).—m nirāsana n Throwing off, removing.

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nīrasa (नीरस).—a Destitute of juice or sap; dry tasteless.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirāsa (निरास).—

1) Ejection, expulsion, throwing out, removal.

2) Vomiting.

3) Refutation, contradiction.

4) Opposition.

5) Dropping (a sound or letter &c.)

Derivable forms: nirāsaḥ (निरासः).

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Nirasa (निरस).—a. [nivṛtto raso yasmāt prā. ba.] Tasteless, insipid, dry.

-saḥ 1 Want of flavour, insipidity, tastelessness.

2) Want of juice, dryness.

3) Want of passion or feeling.

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Nirāsa (निरास).—See under निरस् (niras).

Derivable forms: nirāsaḥ (निरासः).

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Nirāśa (निराश).—a.

1) devoid of hope, despairing or despondent of; मनो बभूवेन्दुमतीनिराशम् (mano babhūvendumatīnirāśam) R.6.2.

2) depriving (one) of all hope.

Nirāśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nir and āśa (आश).

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Nirāśā (निराशा).—hopelessness, despair.

Nirāśā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nir and āśā (आशा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirasa (निरस).—mfn.

(-saḥ-sā-saṃ) 1. Dry. 2. Insipid, tasteless. m.

(-saḥ) 1. Insipidity, want of flavour or passion. 2. Dryness, want of juice. E. ni neg. rasa juice, &c. also nīrasa.

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Nirāśa (निराश).—mfn.

(-śaḥ-śā-śaṃ) 1. Hopeless, despairing. 2. Disappointed. E. nir, and āśa hope.

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Nirāsa (निरास).—m.

(-saḥ) 1. Opposing. rejecting. 2. Dispension. 3. Ejecting. expelling. 4. Removal. 5. Abandonment. 6. Vomitting. E. nir out, and asa to be, bhāve ghañ .

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Nīrasa (नीरस).—mfn.

(-saḥ-sā-saṃ) Dry, withered, insipid, devoid of taste, &c. morally or physically m.

(-saḥ) The pomegranate. E. for nira negative or affirmative prefix, and rasa juice, flavour.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirāśā (निराशा).—adj., f. śā, hopeless, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 19, 4.

Nirāśā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nis and āśā (आशा).

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Nīrasa (नीरस).—adj. 1. sapless, vain, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 30. 2. insipid, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 16. 3. merciless, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 117, 6. 4. charmless, [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 62. Piṣṭa (vb. piṣ)-, m. water mixed with flour, Mahābhārata 1, 5186.

Nīrasa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nis and rasa (रस).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirāśa (निराश).—[adjective] hopeless, despairing of ([locative], [dative], [ablative], [accusative] [with] prati, or —°); [abstract] tva [neuter]

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Nirāśā (निराशा).—[feminine] hopelessness.

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Nirāsa (निरास).—[masculine] ejection, removal.

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Nīrasa (नीरस).—[adjective] sapless, dried up, withered, tasteless, insipid, dull; [abstract] [feminine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirāśa (निराश):—[=nir-āśa] [from nir > niḥ] mf(ā)n. without any hope or wish or desire, indifferent, [Kapila; Kāvya literature; Rājataraṅgiṇī] etc. (āśām nir-āśāṃkṛ, to make hope hopeless id est. giving up all hope, [Mahābhārata xii, 6647; cf. 6520])

2) [v.s. ...] despairing or despondent of (with [locative case] [dative case] [accusative] and prati [ablative], or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) Nirāśā (निराशा):—[=nir-āśā] [from nir-āśa > nir > niḥ] f. hopelessness, despair, [Subhāṣitāvali; Harṣacarita]

4) Nirāsa (निरास):—[=nir-āsa] [from nir > niḥ] 1. nir-āsa m. seatless, shelterless, [Mahābhārata]

5) Nīrasa (नीरस):—[=nī-rasa] [from nī > niḥ] mf(ā)n. without juice, sapless, dried up, withered (-tva n.), [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] flavourless, tasteless, [Bhartṛhari iii, 16]

7) [v.s. ...] insipid, without charm, dull (-tā f.), [Kāvya literature; Pañcatantra; Sāhitya-darpaṇa] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] m. the pomegranate, [Horace H. Wilson]

9) Nirāsa (निरास):—[=nir-āsa] [from nir-as] 2. nir-āsa m. (for 1. See p. 540, col. 2) casting or throwing out, expulsion, exclusion, removal, refusal, rejection, contradiction, refutation, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] spitting out, vomiting (cf. below)

11) [v.s. ...] dropping, leaving out (of a sound), [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya]

12) [=nir-āsa] a 1. 2. nir-āsa. See under nir and nir-as.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirasa (निरस):—[nira-sa] (saḥ-sā-saṃ) a. Dry, insipid. m. Want of juice; insipidity.

2) Nirāśa (निराश):—[nirā+śa] (śaḥ-śā-śaṃ) a. Hopeless.

3) Nirāsa (निरास):—[nirā+sa] (saḥ) 1. m. Expelling; opposing; abandoning.

4) Nīrasa (नीरस):—[nī-rasa] (saḥ) 1. m. The pomegranate. a. Dry, withered, insipid.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Nirasa (निरस):—nach [Śabdakalpadruma] und [Wilson’s Wörterbuch] = nīrasa. nirasā f. eine best. Grasart = niḥśreṇikā [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Nirāśa (निराश):—(nis + 2. āśā) adj. f. ā der alle Hoffnung aufgegeben hat: nirāśaḥ sukhī piṅgalāvat [Kapila 4, 11.] [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 19, 14. 5, 32, 24.] [Mṛcchakaṭikā 52, 5.] [Ṛtusaṃhāra 2, 12.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 18, 228. 26, 22.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 6, 92] (wo nirāśāḥ mit der Calc. Ausg. zu lesen ist). [Pañcatantra 106, 14.] [Hitopadeśa 44, 3.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 4, 60.] mit einem loc.: svajīvite [Mahābhārata 4, 2034. 5, 1966.] [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 1, 22. 20, 28.] gurudarśane [Mahābhārata 13, 1351.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 68, 33.] mit einem dat.: putralābhāya [Mahābhārata 2, 721.] mit prati und acc.: jīvitaṃ prati [6, 3708.] mit einem abl.: jīvitānnūnamadya rājyācca [7, 936.] rāmadarśanāt [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 39, 50.] die Ergänzung im comp. vorangehend: parasparaprāptinirāśayoḥ [Mālavikāgnimitra 50.] indumatī daran verzweifelnd die Ind. zu erlangen [Raghuvaṃśa 6, 2.] nayanakuraṅgataraṃgavikāśanirāśakara die Hoffnung benehmend, es unmöglich machend [Gītagovinda 12, 20.] nirāśībhūta der alle Hoffnung verloren hat [Pañcatantra 21, 15] [?(ed. orn. 18, 17).] Nom. abstr. nirāśatva n.: satyapyarthe nirāśatvamasatyapi ca rāgitā [KĀM. NĪTIS. 14, 45.] nirāśaguṭikā [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 991] fehlerhaft für nirāsa . — Vgl. nairāśya .

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Nirāsa (निरास):—(von 2. as mit nis) m.

1) das Auswerfen, Fallenlassen (eines Lautes) [Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 14, 4. 7.] das Ausbrechen, Vomiren: guṭikā Brechpille [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 963.] nirāśaguṭikā [?991. nach WEBER] stimulans.

2) Hinausweisung, Ausschliessung, Zurückweisung, Verwerfung [Kullūka] zu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 53. 177. 8, 37. 9, 132. 161.] [Scholiast] zu [Kapila 1, 46.] [Scholiast] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 20. 5, 1, 112. 6, 2, 80.] [Siddhāntakaumudī] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 68.] — nirāsaiḥ adj. [Mahābhārata 12, 9646] wohl fehlerhaft für nirāśaiḥ

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Nīrasa (नीरस):—(nis + rasa)

1) adj. f. ā a) saftlos, ausgetrocknet, verdorrt: (munayaḥ) nirmajjā nīrasāḥ [Harivaṃśa 14533.] aṅga [] zu [Bṛhadāranyakopaniṣad] [S. 106.] rasā [KĀT. 7.] kāṣṭha [Śṛṅgāratilaka 9.] — b) geschmacklos: bhikṣāśana (viell. auch zu a) [Bhartṛhari 3, 16.] — c) trocken, unschmackhaft in übertr. Bed.: paiśācaṃ vacaḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 8, 15.] padyānām [Sāhityadarpana 6, 8.] alabdhaphalanīrasaṃ mama vidhāya tasmiñjane samāgamamanorathaṃ bhavatu pañcavāṇaḥ kṛtī [Vikramorvaśī 30.] bālikā keine Reize zeigend [Pañcatantra IV, 62.] Davon nom. abstr. [Sāhityadarpana 2, 4.]

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Nirāśa (निराश):—[Mahābhārata 12, 6520.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 123, 288.] āśāṃ nirāśāṃ kṛtvā so v. a. allen Hoffnungen entsagt habend [Mahābhārata 12, 6647]; vgl. āśāmanāśāṃ kṛtvā [6520.]

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Nīrasa (नीरस):—

1) d) gefühllos [UTTARARĀMAC. 91, 3 (117, 6).]

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Nirāśā (निराशा):—f. so v. a. nairāśya das Aufgeben aller Hoffnungen [Spr. (II) 1050.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Nirasa (निरस):——

1) Adj. = nīrasa. —

2) f. ā eine best. Grasart.

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Nirāśa (निराश):—Adj. (f. ā) —

1) der alle Wünsche , alle Erwartungen , alle Hoffnung aufgegeben hat ; die Ergänzung im Loc. , Dat. , Abl. mit prati oder im Comp. vorangehend. Nom.abstr. tva n. [Pañcatantra .ed.Bomb.3,65,18.] —

2) aller Wünsche — , aller Erwartungen bar. āśṃā nirāśāṃ kar so v.a. allen Erwartungen entsagen.

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Nirāśā (निराशा):—f. das Aufgeben aller Erwartungen śāsamma Adj. der Verzweiflung nahe [Harṣacarita 122,1.]

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Nirāsa (निरास):—1. m.

1) das Ausbrechen , Vomiren.

2) das Auswerfen , Fallenlassen (eines Lautes). —

3) das Fallenlassen , Aufgeben [Lassen's Anthologie 33,15.] —

4) Hinausweisung , Ausschliessung , Zurückweisung , Verwerfung.

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Nirāsa (निरास):—2. Adj. etwa obdachlos [Mahābhārata 12,269,11.] Nach [Nīlakaṇṭha] = apratiṣṭha , kāṇatvādidoṣādgārhasthyaṃ kartumaśaktaḥ.

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Nīrasa (नीरस):—Adj. (f. ā) —

1) saftlos , ausgetrocknet , verdorrt , dürr.

2) nicht schmackhaft (Speise) [Indische sprüche 3802.] —

3) nicht schmackhaft , so v.a. keine Reize darbietend , langeweilig. Nom.abstr. f.

4) gefühllos , keinen Sinn — , kein Verständniss für Etwas habend , geschmacklos zu [Indische sprüche 867.] [Jayadeva's Prasannarāghava 7,15.] ein Sänger [Saṃgitasārasaṃgraha 117.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Nirāśa (निराश) [Also spelled nirash]:—(a) frustrated, disappointed, desperate, disheartened; despaired, dejected, hopeless.

2) Nirāśā (निराशा):—(nf) frustration; despair, disappointment; dejection, despondency; hopelessness; pessimism; ~[vāda/~vāditā] pessimism; ~[vādī] a pessimist; pessimistic.

3) Nīrasa (नीरस) [Also spelled niras]:—(a) sapless, juiceless; dry; flat; stodgy; insipid; prosaic; uninteresting; hence ~[] (nf).

context information

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