Nirasa, Nirāsa, Nīrasa, Nirasha, Nir-asha: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Nirasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nirash.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Nirāśā (निराशा) refers to “(one whose mind is) devoid of desire”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Above [Śiva] is the tranquil (energy called) Śivā. Subtle, she is (the goddess) Vakrikā of the Abyss (kandara) (of the Void) in the supreme (state). [...] Taking up Being in Non-being, (this) is the nature (svabhāva) of one whose is undisturbed (avikṛta). The one whose mind is devoid of desire [i.e., nirāśā-kṣīṇa-citta] , and so has been destroyed, quickly reaches the Self. And then the (Supreme) State arises and that state is Śāmbhavī, (otherwise called) Śivā. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Nīrasa (नीरस) refers to “tasteless”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “All the connections arising from the ocean of life are the abode of bad luck for human beings [and] thus, in the end, [the connections] are exceedingly tasteless (nīrasasuṣṭhu nīrasāḥ)”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nirāsa : (adj.) desireless.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nīrasa, (adj.) (Sk. nīrasa, nis+rasa) sapless, dried up, withered, tasteless, insipid J. III, 111. (Page 375)

— or —

Nirāsa, (adj.) (nis+āsā) not hungry, not longing for anything, desireless S. I, 12, 23, 141; A. I, 107 sq.; Sn. 1048 (anigha+), 1078 (id.); Nd2 360; Pug. 27; Pv IV. 133 (=nittaṇha PvA. 230). See also amama. (Page 370)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirasa (निरस).—a (nīrasa S) Of secondary or inferior quality; lower in goodness.

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nirasā (निरसा).—a Neither scalded nor mixed with water;--used of milk. Note. dūdha being neuter, nirasēṃ or śēṃ is the only form that occurs.

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nirasā (निरसा).—a P (Commonly nirasa) Of secondary or inferior quality.

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nirāśa (निराश).—a (S) pop. nirāsa a Despondent, despairing, hopeless. 2 Undesirous; that has relinquished or lost the wish of.

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nirāśā (निराशा).—f (S) Despair or despondency. 2 Freedom from desire or exemption from hope--desire and hope being hostile to that quietude which (in the doctrine of quietism) is the supreme beatitude. Ex. tyā karmācē nirāśēṃ prakāśē svasvarūpa.

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nirāsa (निरास).—m S nirāsana n S Throwing off, removing, rejecting.

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nirāsa (निरास).—f (Vulgar. nirāśā S) Despair or hopelessness.

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nīrasa (नीरस).—a S Destitute of juice or sap; dry, tasteless, vapid, spiritless, lit. fig.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nirasa (निरस).—a Of secondary or inferior quality, lower in goodness.

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nirasā (निरसा).—a Neither scalded nor mixed with water-used of milk.

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nirāśa (निराश) [-sa, -स].—a Despondent, hopeless. Undesirous.

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nirāśā (निराशा).—f Despair, despondency. Free- dom from desire.

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nirāsa (निरास).—m nirāsana n Throwing off, removing.

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nīrasa (नीरस).—a Destitute of juice or sap; dry tasteless.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirāsa (निरास).—

1) Ejection, expulsion, throwing out, removal.

2) Vomiting.

3) Refutation, contradiction.

4) Opposition.

5) Dropping (a sound or letter &c.)

Derivable forms: nirāsaḥ (निरासः).

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Nirasa (निरस).—a. [nivṛtto raso yasmāt prā. ba.] Tasteless, insipid, dry.

-saḥ 1 Want of flavour, insipidity, tastelessness.

2) Want of juice, dryness.

3) Want of passion or feeling.

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Nirāsa (निरास).—See under निरस् (niras).

Derivable forms: nirāsaḥ (निरासः).

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Nirāśa (निराश).—a.

1) devoid of hope, despairing or despondent of; मनो बभूवेन्दुमतीनिराशम् (mano babhūvendumatīnirāśam) R.6.2.

2) depriving (one) of all hope.

Nirāśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nir and āśa (आश).

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Nirāśā (निराशा).—hopelessness, despair.

Nirāśā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nir and āśā (आशा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirasa (निरस).—mfn.

(-saḥ-sā-saṃ) 1. Dry. 2. Insipid, tasteless. m.

(-saḥ) 1. Insipidity, want of flavour or passion. 2. Dryness, want of juice. E. ni neg. rasa juice, &c. also nīrasa.

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Nirāśa (निराश).—mfn.

(-śaḥ-śā-śaṃ) 1. Hopeless, despairing. 2. Disappointed. E. nir, and āśa hope.

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Nirāsa (निरास).—m.

(-saḥ) 1. Opposing. rejecting. 2. Dispension. 3. Ejecting. expelling. 4. Removal. 5. Abandonment. 6. Vomitting. E. nir out, and asa to be, bhāve ghañ .

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Nīrasa (नीरस).—mfn.

(-saḥ-sā-saṃ) Dry, withered, insipid, devoid of taste, &c. morally or physically m.

(-saḥ) The pomegranate. E. for nira negative or affirmative prefix, and rasa juice, flavour.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirāśā (निराशा).—adj., f. śā, hopeless, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 19, 4.

Nirāśā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nis and āśā (आशा).

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Nīrasa (नीरस).—adj. 1. sapless, vain, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 30. 2. insipid, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 16. 3. merciless, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 117, 6. 4. charmless, [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 62. Piṣṭa (vb. piṣ)-, m. water mixed with flour, Mahābhārata 1, 5186.

Nīrasa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nis and rasa (रस).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirāśa (निराश).—[adjective] hopeless, despairing of ([locative], [dative], [ablative], [accusative] [with] prati, or —°); [abstract] tva [neuter]

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Nirāśā (निराशा).—[feminine] hopelessness.

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Nirāsa (निरास).—[masculine] ejection, removal.

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Nīrasa (नीरस).—[adjective] sapless, dried up, withered, tasteless, insipid, dull; [abstract] [feminine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirāśa (निराश):—[=nir-āśa] [from nir > niḥ] mf(ā)n. without any hope or wish or desire, indifferent, [Kapila; Kāvya literature; Rājataraṅgiṇī] etc. (āśām nir-āśāṃkṛ, to make hope hopeless id est. giving up all hope, [Mahābhārata xii, 6647; cf. 6520])

2) [v.s. ...] despairing or despondent of (with [locative case] [dative case] [accusative] and prati [ablative], or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) Nirāśā (निराशा):—[=nir-āśā] [from nir-āśa > nir > niḥ] f. hopelessness, despair, [Subhāṣitāvali; Harṣacarita]

4) Nirāsa (निरास):—[=nir-āsa] [from nir > niḥ] 1. nir-āsa m. seatless, shelterless, [Mahābhārata]

5) Nīrasa (नीरस):—[=nī-rasa] [from nī > niḥ] mf(ā)n. without juice, sapless, dried up, withered (-tva n.), [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] flavourless, tasteless, [Bhartṛhari iii, 16]

7) [v.s. ...] insipid, without charm, dull (-tā f.), [Kāvya literature; Pañcatantra; Sāhitya-darpaṇa] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] m. the pomegranate, [Horace H. Wilson]

9) Nirāsa (निरास):—[=nir-āsa] [from nir-as] 2. nir-āsa m. (for 1. See p. 540, col. 2) casting or throwing out, expulsion, exclusion, removal, refusal, rejection, contradiction, refutation, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] spitting out, vomiting (cf. below)

11) [v.s. ...] dropping, leaving out (of a sound), [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya]

12) [=nir-āsa] a 1. 2. nir-āsa. See under nir and nir-as.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirasa (निरस):—[nira-sa] (saḥ-sā-saṃ) a. Dry, insipid. m. Want of juice; insipidity.

2) Nirāśa (निराश):—[nirā+śa] (śaḥ-śā-śaṃ) a. Hopeless.

3) Nirāsa (निरास):—[nirā+sa] (saḥ) 1. m. Expelling; opposing; abandoning.

4) Nīrasa (नीरस):—[nī-rasa] (saḥ) 1. m. The pomegranate. a. Dry, withered, insipid.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nirāśa (निराश) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇirāsa, Ṇirasa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nirasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Nirāśa (निराश) [Also spelled nirash]:—(a) frustrated, disappointed, desperate, disheartened; despaired, dejected, hopeless.

2) Nirāśā (निराशा):—(nf) frustration; despair, disappointment; dejection, despondency; hopelessness; pessimism; ~[vāda/~vāditā] pessimism; ~[vādī] a pessimist; pessimistic.

3) Nīrasa (नीरस) [Also spelled niras]:—(a) sapless, juiceless; dry; flat; stodgy; insipid; prosaic; uninteresting; hence ~[] (nf).

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Ṇirasa (णिरस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Niras.

2) Ṇirāsa (णिरास) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nirāśa.

3) Ṇirasa (णिरस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nīrasa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nirasa (ನಿರಸ):—[adjective] not interesting; boring; dull; not exciting; lifeless; insipid; jejune.

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Nirasa (ನಿರಸ):—

1) [noun] the quality or condition of being uninteresting, boring, dull; dullness; jejuneness; insipidity.

2) [noun] that which is of no importance or of low worth.

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Nirāśa (ನಿರಾಶ):—

1) [noun] = ನಿರಾಶೆ [nirashe].

2) [noun] a disappointed, hopeless man.

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Nirāsa (ನಿರಾಸ):—[adjective] relinquishing; sacrificing, renunciative or renunciatory.

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Nirāsa (ನಿರಾಸ):—[noun] the act of casting off or disowning; repudiation.

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Nīrasa (ನೀರಸ):—

1) [adjective] without juice; sapless; withered.

2) [adjective] lacking vigour, essence; weak.

3) [adjective] without taste or flavour; flat.

4) [adjective] not exciting or interesting; dull; lifeless; insipid.

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Nīrasa (ನೀರಸ):—

1) [noun] the quality of not having juice; saplessness; witheredness.

2) [noun] lack or vigour, essence; weakness.

3) [noun] the quality of being tasteless; tastelessness.

4) [noun] the quality of not exciting or interesting; dullness; lifelessness; insipidity.

5) [noun] a man who cannot appreciate or enjoy arts, music, etc.

6) [noun] (poet.) absence of sentiments that would appeal to the emotions in a literary work or music (considered as a fault).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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