Sadaka, Saḍaka, Shadaka: 6 definitions

Introduction:

Sadaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sadaka.—cf. upari-sadaka, explained as ‘the upper region’ (Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXI. p. 234). Note: sadaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saḍaka (सडक).—f ē A rope or cord; esp. a cart-rope, a rope for binding bundles or loads, a rope (line) for measuring distances or determining directness, a rope, long and stout, for specific purposes. A common term for the strips of broadcloth or the cords covered with broadcloth which are appended ornamentally to the housings of a native saddle. 3 A silk cord, or a cord and tassels, a little flag (as appended to a sword or dagger or turban as a birīda q. v.); also a whisk of the hair of the cow of Tartary (as appended to the ear of a blade's horse &c.) 4 A kind of sword, long and straight like the dhōpa. 5 A made road. v bāndha. 6 Applied descriptively to a person of straight and erect frame or figure. sātī saḍakā pl The whole seven strips or trappings (being present); i. e. all the particulars and articles, all the items and et ceteras; as sātī saḍakā maktā kēlā.

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saḍaka (सडक).—a Straight or direct;--as a road, a row or line: also straight and erect;--as a person, tree, column. 2 Straightforward, direct, plain, plump, blunt;--as a reply, a charge, abuse &c. 3 a & ad Headlong on or in; straightways and wilfully; (with the import and emphasis of such words as) outright, downright, desperately, altogether, utterly, and with application to spirit-drinking, drug-eating, wenching, gambling, and low practices or evil habits generally. Pr. lā bhāī curamā āṇi śēṭajī saḍaka.

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saḍakā (सडका).—a (saḍaṇēṃ) Rotten, putrefied, corrupted.

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saḍākā (सडाका).—m (saḍa! saḍa! the sound fancied.) A sounding stroke or lash; the pelting or downdashing (of a heavy shower); the crack! crack! whack! whack! (of a sound and hearty caning); the roaring and bellowing (of a storm &c. &c.)

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sadakā (सदका).—m ( A) A sacrifice made or a thing devoted (ōvāḷalēlā or ōvāḷūna ṭākalēlā &c.) for. Ex. mājhā sa0 or mājhyāvaracā sa0 gēlā. gāḍhavācā sa0 (A person or a thing devoted for the sake of an ass.) Any person or thing vile, worthless, good-for-nothing. Also śāhaṇyācā sa0 in the same sense. Also sadakā, in construction with any word in the genitive, or, as simply, is used by the multitude as a term of general abuse; as mōṭhā gēlā dēṇārācā sa0 malā ṭhāūka āhē.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saḍaka (सडक).—f A rope. A made road. a Straight or direct–a road &c. Straightforward, direct, blunt-a reply &c. Headlong on or in, outright, downright, utterly.

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saḍakā (सडका).—a Rotten, putrefied.

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saḍakā (सडका).—m A sounding stroke.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śadaka (शदक):—[from śad] m. or n. (?) unhusked corn, [Bhadrabāhu-caritra] ([varia lectio] sadaka).

2) Sādaka (सादक):—[from sad] mfn. ([from] [Causal]) exhausting, wearying, destroying, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) Sadaka (सदक):—m. or n. (?) unhusked grain, [Bhadrabāhu-caritra]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Saḍaka (सडक):—(nf) a road, street; —[ke niyama] rules of the road.

2) Saḍāka (सडाक):—(nf) (sound produced by) cracking of a whip; —[se] with a cracking noise; instantly.

3) Sadakā (सदका):—(nm) propitiatory offering; sacrifice; graciousness; gracious favour; ~[ke utāranā] to make a propitiatory offering in honour of (somebody); ~[ke jānā] to be proud of, to be ready to be sacrificed (for somebody); ~[ke meṃ] by the graciousness/gracious favour of.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saḍaka (ಸಡಕ):—[noun] = ಸಡಕು [sadaku].

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Sadaka (ಸದಕ):—[noun] a kind of tax levied by Muslim rules on Muslims for augmenting resources for the welfare of beggars.

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Sādaka (ಸಾದಕ):—[noun] = ಸಾಧಕ - [sadhaka -] 1 & 2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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