Abhyasa, Abhyāsa, Abhyasha, Abhyāśa: 14 definitions


Abhyasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Abhyāśa can be transliterated into English as Abhyasa or Abhyasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Abhyāsa (अभ्यास, “practice”).—One of the ten Parādiguṇa, or, ‘10 pharmaceutical properties’.—It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine) and used in literature such the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. According to Caraka, these ten properties (guṇa) are the means to success in therapeutic treatment. Abhyāsa refers to the regular habit of using certain medicines or physical therapy.

Source: Pitta Ayurveda: Samanya Guna

The presence of this guna in any person makes him or her perfect, beyond comparison. This Abhyasa-samanya-guna demands hard work and dedication to achieve anything and everything.

Source: Shodhganga: Ayurveda siddhanta evam darshana

Abhyasa-guna is a very essential property to be possessed by physician and pharmacist. With this property perfectness, experti se and experience is achieved as a common saying states “Practice makes the man perfect.” Repeated and continuous administration of a particular bhava is called as Abhyasa. Abhyasa has been defined as an act which provides special benifits to sharira and manas by continious practice for longer time.

Chakrapani has provided examples of bhavas such as shashtika-shali, vyayama etc. Abhyasana has been explained by two different paryayas which are shilana and satata-kriya. Abhyasa can be incorporated under samyoga and samskara-vishesha but it is of prime importance in Chikitsa so has been mentioned independently. Gangadhara has expalined Abhyasana as avritti and shilana i.e. repeatedly doing same thing/process.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: archive.org: Uṇādi-Sūtras In The Sanskrit Grammatical Tradition

Abhyāsa (अभ्यास).—One of the technical terms which have been used in the uṇādi-sūtras;—The technical sense of the word ‘abhyāsa’ in the grammar of Pāṇini falls within the perview of ‘reduplication’. It refers to the first portion of the reduplicated root. It is frequently found in the uṇādi-sūtras in the same sense. Two or three words which occasion the scope for ‘abhyāsa’ are ‘sanvat’, ‘dve’ and ‘ślu’ which are important to be mentioned in this connection.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Abhyāsa (अभ्यास).—Changes prescribed in connection with the अभ्यास (abhyāsa) or reduplicative syllable; cf. अभ्यासविकार आभ्यासः (abhyāsavikāra ābhyāsaḥ) M. Bh. on III.1.6.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Mīmāṃsā (school of philosophy)

Source: Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis

1) Abhyāsa (अभ्यास, “repetition”) refers to one of the various tools used by authors displaying their skill in the art of writing.—Often the same theme or point being made is repeated in a different way in order to impress it upon the mind of the reader. There are several ways in which repetition (abhyāsa) is used in literature,

  1. the repetition of a single word, with no other words in between.
  2. the repetition of a word or phrase in various places throughout a section.
  3. the repetition of the last word of a preceding clause.
  4. the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of every clause.
  5. the repetition of a word or phrase at the end of every clause.
  6. the repetition of a word or phrase at the middle of every clause.

The figure of speech in which the theme is re-presented should not be taken as a new teaching or precept but must be taken in context with the original injunction—these two passages must both be understood as conveying the same meaning.

context information

Mimamsa (मीमांसा, mīmāṃsā) refers to one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of philosophy, emphasizing the nature of dharma and the philosophy of language. The literature in this school is also known for its in-depth study of ritual actions and social duties.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Abhyāsa (अभ्यास) refers to one of the secondary factors for the creation of poetry according to Hemacandra. He says that vyutpatti and abhyāsa are the helping factor or secondary factors for the creation of poetry, which generally sharpen the kavi pratibhā. But rhetoricians like Daṇḍin, Rudraṭa, Mammaṭa hold that pratibhā is one of the causal factors among the three. The other two factors are vyutpatti and abhyāsa. Ācārya Rudraṭa is also of opinion that śakti or inborn intuitive intellectual power, vyutpatti or an accomplishment in the knowledge of scriptures and literary works and abhyāsa or constant practice are the causal factors of poetry. According to Mammaṭa pratibhā or inborn intuitive intellectual power, vyutpatti or efficiency in the knowledge of scriptures and literary works and abhyāsa or practice of composing poetic works are co-jointly responsible for any poetic work

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

abhyāsa (अभ्यास).—m (S) Practice, exercise, study; repeated performance or continued application in order to master. Pr. abhyāsasāriṇī vidyā. 2 Skill or ability acquired by practice. 3 In arithmetic. Product.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

abhyāsa (अभ्यास).—m Study, practice. Skill acquired by practice.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhyāśa (अभ्याश).—a. Near, proximate.

-śaḥ 1 Reaching to, pervading.

2) Proximate neighbourhood, vicinity (also written as abhyāsa q. v.); वायसाभ्याशे समुपविष्टः (vāyasābhyāśe samupaviṣṭaḥ) Pt.2; सहसाभ्यागतां भैमीमभ्याशपरिवर्तिनीम् (sahasābhyāgatāṃ bhaimīmabhyāśaparivartinīm) Mb., Dk.62.

3) Result, consequence.

4) Prospect, hope of gaining; hence oft. used in the sense of 'quickly'.

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Abhyāsa (अभ्यास).—1 Repetition in general; व्याख्याता व्याख्याता इति पदाभ्यासोऽध्यायपरिसमाप्तिं द्योतयति (vyākhyātā vyākhyātā iti padābhyāso'dhyāyaparisamāptiṃ dyotayati) S. B.; T.4.28 नाभ्यासक्रममीक्षते (nābhyāsakramamīkṣate) Pt.1.151; Ms.12.74; Y.3.322. cf. also अन्यायश्च कृतेऽभ्यासः (anyāyaśca kṛte'bhyāsaḥ) | MS.1.3.26

2) Repeated practice or exercise, contiuned practice or use; अविरतश्रमाभ्यासात् (avirataśramābhyāsāt) K.3, Pt.1.133; अभ्यासेन तु कौन्तेय वैराग्येण च गृह्यते (abhyāsena tu kaunteya vairāgyeṇa ca gṛhyate) Bg.6.35,44 by constant practice (to remain pure and unmodified); 12.12; योग° (yoga°) Y.3.51 practice of concentration; hence sometimes used for 'concentration of mind upon one subject'; °निगृहीतेन मनसा (nigṛhītena manasā) R.1.23; so शर°, अस्त्र° (śara°, astra°) &c.

3) Habit, custom, practice; मिथ्योपपदात् कृञोऽभ्यासे (mithyopapadāt kṛño'bhyāse) P.I. 3.71; तद् यथाभ्यासं अभिधीयताम् (tad yathābhyāsaṃ abhidhīyatām) U.1 therefore address me as is your wont; अमङ्गलाभ्यासरतिम् (amaṅgalābhyāsaratim) Ku.5.65; Y.3.68.

4) Discipline in arms, exercise, military discipline.

5) Reciting, study, repeated reading or learning by heart; काव्यज्ञशिक्षयाभ्यासः (kāvyajñaśikṣayābhyāsaḥ) K. P.1; K.146,2; Ms.5. 4; वेद° (veda°) is of 5 kinds:वेदस्वीकरणं पूर्वं विचारोऽभ्यसनं जपः । तद्दानं चैव शिष्येभ्यो वेदाभ्यासो हि पञ्चधा (vedasvīkaraṇaṃ pūrvaṃ vicāro'bhyasanaṃ japaḥ | taddānaṃ caiva śiṣyebhyo vedābhyāso hi pañcadhā) || Dakṣa.

6) vicinity, proximity, neighbourhood (for abhyāśa); चूतयष्टिरि- वाभ्यासे (cūtayaṣṭiri- vābhyāse) (śe) मधौ परभृतोन्मुखी (madhau parabhṛtonmukhī) Ku.6.2; (abhyāse-śe madhau must mean here speaking to 'Madhu who was near her' scil. by having manifested himself before her, which fully preserves the simile of Pārvatī, herself silent, speaking to her lover who was near her through her friend); अर्पितेयं तवाभ्यासे सीता पुण्यव्रता वधूः (arpiteyaṃ tavābhyāse sītā puṇyavratā vadhūḥ) U.7.17 given in your charge; Śi.3.4; अभ्यासा-शा-दागतः (abhyāsā-śā-dāgataḥ) P.II. 1.38 Sk. (ragarded as an Aluk Compound).

7) (In gram.) Reduplication.

8) The first syllable of a reduplicated base, reduplicative syllable; पूर्वोऽभ्यासः (pūrvo'bhyāsaḥ) P.VI. 1.4; अत्र ये द्वे विहिते तयोः पूर्वोऽभ्याससंज्ञः स्यात् (atra ye dve vihite tayoḥ pūrvo'bhyāsasaṃjñaḥ syāt) Sk.

9) (In Math.) Multiplication.

1) (In poetry) Repetition of the last verses or lines (as of a chorus); chorus, burden of a song.

Derivable forms: abhyāsaḥ (अभ्यासः).

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Abhyāśa (अभ्याश).—see under अभ्यश्-स् (abhyaś-s).

See also (synonyms): abhyāsa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhyāśa (अभ्याश).—mfn.

(-śaḥ-śā-śaṃ) Near, proximate. m.

(-śaḥ) Constant repetition. See abhyāsa.

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Abhyāsa (अभ्यास).—m.

(-saḥ) 1. Practice, exercise. 2. Learning by rote. 3. Practicing archery. 4. (In arithmetic,) Multiplication. 5. (In grammar,) The reduplicate syllable of a verb. mfn.

(-saḥ-sā-saṃ) Near, proximate. E. abhi before asa to go, &c. ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhyāśa (अभ्याश).—[masculine] obtaining; result, consequence; vicinity, nearness ([space and time]); adj. near, proximate. abhyāśam & abhyāśe [adverb] near, close by ([genetive], [ablative], or —°).

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Abhyāsa (अभ्यास).—[masculine] addition. repetition; reduplicate ([grammar]), study, reading, exercise, custom.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhyāśa (अभ्याश):—[=abhy-āśa] [from abhy-aś] a m. (also written 1. abhy-āsa) reaching to, pervading, [Yājñavalkya iii, 114]

2) [v.s. ...] (with yad and [Potential]) prospect, any expected result or consequence, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

3) [v.s. ...] proximity (with [genitive case] or [ablative]), [Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] mfn. near, [Kumāra-sambhava vi, 2]

5) Abhyāsa (अभ्यास):—[=abhy-āsa] [from abhy-aś] 1. abhy-āsa m. (also written abhy-āśa) reaching to, pervading, [Yājñavalkya iii, 114]

6) [=abhy-āsa] [from abhy-as] 2. abhy-āsa m. the act of adding anything, [Śulba-sūtra]

7) [v.s. ...] (in [grammar]) ‘what is prefixed’, the first syllable of a reduplicated radical, [Pāṇini]

8) [v.s. ...] reduplication, [Nirukta, by Yāska]

9) [v.s. ...] repetition, [Manu-smṛti xii, 74, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] (in poetry) repetition of the last verse of a stanza ([Nirukta, by Yāska]) or of the last word of a chapter [Comm. on [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]]

11) [v.s. ...] (in [arithmetic]) multiplication

12) [v.s. ...] repeated or permanent exercise, discipline, use, habit, custom

13) [v.s. ...] repeated reading, study

14) [v.s. ...] military practice, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as Amarasiṃha, Halāyudha, Hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] (in later Vedānta [philosophy]) inculcation of a truth conveyed in sacred writings by means of repeating the same word or the same passage

16) [v.s. ...] (in Yoga [philosophy]) the effort of the mind to remain in its unmodified condition of purity (sattva).

17) Abhyāśa (अभ्याश):—[=abhy-āśa] b m. See abhy- √1. .

18) Abhyāsa (अभ्यास):—[=abhy-āsa] a See (abhy- √1. and) 2. abhy- √2. as.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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