Sevya, Shevya: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Sevya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sevy.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Sevya (सेव्य):—A Sanskrit word referring to “Cuscus grass” and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known by the names Uśīra, Sevya and Sugandhimūla. Its official botanical name is Chrysopogon zizanioides and is commonly known in english as “Cuscus grass”, “Khus” and “Vetiver” (Vetiveria zizanioides). It is native to India but is widely cultivated in the tropical regions of the world. The literal translation of Sevya is “to be resorted to” or “frequented or inhabited by”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Sevya (सेव्य) refers to:—Master or worshipable Lord; one who is served. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sevya (सेव्य) (Cf. Susevya) refers to “one worthy of being resorted to” and is used to describe Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.8.—Accordingly, Nārada said to Himavat:—“[..] In a majestic person a defect does not produce misery. It may well cause misery in a non-majestic person. Sun, fire and Gaṅgā may be cited as examples. Hence you give your daughter in marriage to Śiva. That will be a wise step. Lord Śiva who is the sole lord, unchanging and without any aberration is worthy of being resorted to [i.e., sevya]. By performing penance, Śiva can be propitiated quickly and He will accept her undoubtedly. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Sevya (सेव्य) refers to “that which should be practised”, according to Vijñānabhikṣu in his sixteenth-century Sāṅkhyasāra verse 6.2-3.—Accordingly: “One who is not capable of Rājayoga, is suitable for Haṭhayoga. In the Yogavāsiṣṭha, Vasiṣṭha was taught thus by Bhusuṇḍa. In Rājayoga, one cultivates gnosis and, in Haṭhayoga, the breathing exercises and postures. [Both of] them are important. Since they are auxiliaries, one [depends on] the other. They should [both] be practised (sevya) according to one's capacity”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Ganapatya (worship of Ganesha)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - (Ganesha)

Sevya (सेव्य) refers to “being served” (by devotees of Gaṇeśa), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.18 (“Gaṇeśa crowned as the chief of Gaṇas”).—Accordingly, as Śiva said to Gaṇeśa: “[...] They who devoutly worship you with acts of service will achieve success. Their obstacles will be quelled. These Vratas shall be performed by the people of all castes, particularly by women as well as kings aiming and beginning to be prosperous and flourishing. He will certainly derive whatever he desires. Hence you shall always be served (sevya) by him whoever he is who desires fruits. [...]”.

context information

Ganapatya (गाणपत्य, gāṇapatya) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Ganesha is revered and worshipped as the prime deity (ishta-devata). Being a minor though influential movement, Ganapatya evovled, llike Shaktism and Shaivism, as a separate movement leaving behind a large body of literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Sevya (सेव्य) is a Sanskrit word referring to “one who is served”.

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Sevya in India is the name of a plant defined with Ficus religiosa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Urostigma religiosum (Linnaeus) Gasparrini (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· FBI (1888)
· Not. Pl. Asiat. (1854)
· Bot. Mat. Med. (1812)
· Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. (1822)
· London Journal of Botany (1848)
· Plant Systematics and Evolution (1987)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Sevya, for example extract dosage, health benefits, side effects, chemical composition, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sēvya (सेव्य).—a S (Possible, purposed, necessary &c.) to be served or obeyed; to be worshiped or honored. 2 Possible &c. to be used or employed. See under sēvana.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sēvya (सेव्य).—a (Worthy) to be served; (proper) to be used.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sevya (सेव्य).—a. [sev-ṇyat]

1) To be served or waited upon.

2) To be used or employed.

3) To be enjoyed.

4) To be taken care of or guarded.

5) To be studied.

6) To be kept or hoarded.

-vyaḥ 1 A master (opp. sevaka); भयं तावत् सेव्यादभिनिविशते सेवकजनम् (bhayaṃ tāvat sevyādabhiniviśate sevakajanam) Mu.5.12; M.4.12; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.48.

2) The Aśvattha tree.

3) A sparrow.

4) A kind of intoxicating drink.

-vyā 1 The parasite plant वन्दा (vandā).

2) A kind of wild rice.

-vyam A kind of root.

2) Red sandal-wood.

3) Sea-salt.

4) Water.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sevya (सेव्य).—mfn.

(-vyaḥ-vyā-vyaṃ) 1. To be served or obeyed, to be worshipped or honoured. 2. What ought or may be practised, used, &c. 3. To be taken care of. 4. To be employed. 5. To be enjoyed. n.

(-vyaṃ) The root of the Andropogon muricatum. m.

(-vyaḥ) A plant, (Barringtonia acutangula.) f.

(-vyā) A parasite plant. E. ṣevṛ to gratify by service, ṇyat or yat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śevya (शेव्य).—[adjective] = [preceding] adj.

--- OR ---

Sevya (सेव्य).—[adjective] to be served etc. (v. [preceding]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śevya (शेव्य):—[from śeva] mfn. dear (as a friend), [Ṛg-veda]

2) Sevya (सेव्य):—[from sev] mfn. to be resorted to or frequented or inhabited by ([genitive case]), [Harivaṃśa; Pañcatantra; Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] to be followed (as a path), [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

4) [v.s. ...] to be approached, [Cāṇakya]

5) [v.s. ...] to be waited upon or served or obeyed, a master (as opp. to ‘a servant’), [Rāmāyaṇa; Kālidāsa] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] to be honoured, honourable, [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] to be enjoyed carnally, [Subhāṣitāvali]

8) [v.s. ...] to be practised or used or employed, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] to be studied, [Catalogue(s)]

10) [v.s. ...] to be kept or hoarded, [Hitopadeśa]

11) [v.s. ...] to be taken care of or guarded, [Horace H. Wilson]

12) [v.s. ...] m. the Aśvattha tree, Ficus Religiosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] Barringtonia Acutangula, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] a sparrow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] an intoxicating drink made from the blossoms of the Bassia Latifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) Sevyā (सेव्या):—[from sevya > sev] f. the parasitical plant Vandā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] Emblic Myrobolam, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) [v.s. ...] a kind of wild grain or rice, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) Sevya (सेव्य):—[from sev] n. the root of Andropogon Muricatus, [Suśruta]

20) [v.s. ...] red sandal-wood, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

21) [v.s. ...] sea-salt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) [v.s. ...] the thick middle part of curds, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

23) [v.s. ...] water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sevya (सेव्य):—(vyaṃ) 1. n. Root of the Andropogon muricatum. m. A plant, Barringtonia. 1. f. A parasite plant. a. To be served or attended to.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sevya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sevya (सेव्य) [Also spelled sevy]:—(a) fit or deserving to be served: (nm) one to whom service is rendered; master; -[sevaka] the served and server; •[bhāva] the relationship of the server and the served.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sēvya (ಸೇವ್ಯ):—

1) [adjective] that is to be waited upon or served or obeyed.

2) [adjective] that is to be honoured; honourable.

--- OR ---

Sēvya (ಸೇವ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] = ಸೇವೆ [seve]1 - 1 & 2.

2) [noun] that which is worthy of being served, worshipped.

3) [noun] an honourable, respectable man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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