Sangati, Saṅgati, Saṃgati, Samgati: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Sangati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saṅgati (सङ्गति) refers to “association (with women)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.12.—Accordingly, as Śiva said to Himācala (i.e., Himālaya): “[...] A woman is a phase of illusion. As the scholars who have mastered the Vedas say particularly, a young damsel is a hindrance to ascetics. [...] O mountain, by contact with a woman, worldliness springs up; non-attachment perishes and the virtuous penance is destroyed. Hence, O mountain, no ascetic shall have any truck with women [i.e., saṅgatikāryā strīṣu saṃgatiḥ]. A woman is the root of all worldly attachments. She destroys all wisdom and detachment together”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sangati in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

saṅgati : (f.) association with.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Saṅgati, (f.) (fr. saṅgacchati) 1. meeting, intercourse J. IV, 98; V, 78, 483. In definition of yajati (=service?) at Dhtp 62 & Dhtm 79.—2. union, combination M. I, 111; S. II, 72; IV, 32 sq. , 68 sq.; Vbh. 138 (=VbhA. 188). ‹-› 3. accidental occurrence D. I, 53; DA. I, 161. (Page 666)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṅgati (संगति).—f (S) pop. saṅgata f Union, junction, connection, association. 2 Congruity, consistency, harmonious connection or coherence. 3 Company, conjunction of persons.

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saṅgati (संगति).—c (S) pop. saṅgatī c or saṅgata c A companion, associate, comrade, fellow.

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saṅgātī (संगाती).—m (Or saṅgatī) A companion, associate, comrade, fellow.

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sāṅgātī (सांगाती).—a (Better saṅgatī) A companion, associate, fellow.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saṅgātī (संगाती).—m A companion, associate, comrade.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃgati (संगति).—f.

1) Union, meeting, conjunction; भवत्याः संगत्याः फलमिति च कल्याणि कलये (bhavatyāḥ saṃgatyāḥ phalamiti ca kalyāṇi kalaye) Ā. L.17.

2) Company, society, association, intercourse; मनो हि जन्मान्तरसंगतिज्ञम् (mano hi janmāntarasaṃgatijñam) R.7.15; क्षणमिह सज्जनसंगतिरेका भवति भवार्णवतरणे नौका (kṣaṇamiha sajjanasaṃgatirekā bhavati bhavārṇavataraṇe naukā) Moha M.6.

3) Sexual union.

4) Visiting, frequenting.

5) Fitness, appropriateness, applicability, consistent relation.

6) Accident, chance, accidental occurrence,

7) Knowledge.

8) Questioning for further knowledge.

9) (In pūrvamīmāṃsā) One of the five members of an अधिकरण (adhikaraṇa).

Derivable forms: saṃgatiḥ (संगतिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saṃgati (संगति).—f., (1) (compare [Boehtlingk and Roth] s.v. 4, Stimmen, Passen, with artha-; Prakrit saṃgai = aucitya, ucitatā, [Paia-sadda-mahaṇṇavo]), success, attainment (of desirable goal): duḥśīlabhūtasya praṇaṣṭa °tiḥ Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 35.14 (verse); (2) (continued) involvement in the saṃsāra, transmigration, the opposite of release: mūḍhasya saṃgatir bhavati, jāyate na ca mucyate Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 257.5, of a deluded man there ensues involvement, he is [Page547-b+ 71] (re-)born, and is not released; probably in this sense saṃgatiḥ 179.2, in a bare list of disapproved results according to Suzuki, Tibetan ḥdus pa (coming together); in this light interpret tri- saṃgati, for which according to Suzuki Tibetan (gsum, three) phrad pa (meeting together), in: yadi…vijñānānāṃ tri-saṃgati- pratyaya-kriyāyogenotpattir abhaviṣyad Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 41.6, and compare 10; trisaṃgaty-utpādayogalakṣaṇaṃ vijñānam, asaṃ- gati-yogasvabhāvalakṣaṇaṃ jñānam 157.15—16 (so read according to Suzuki's translation(s), following Chin.); trisaṃgati-pra- tyaya-kriyāyogābhiniveśāya (Tibetan °śāt according to Nanjio) saṃdhir vijñānānāṃ nairantaryāt pravṛttiyogenābhini- veśato bhavasaṃdhir bhavati 163.1; trisaṃgati-pratyaya- vyāvṛtter vijñānānāṃ vimokṣatrayānudarśanāt sarvasaṃ- dhayo na pravartante 163.3 (note the three vimokṣa, q.v., to which the three saṃgati, involvements in the saṃ- sāra, appear to be pendants and opposites); from this passage it appears that the 3 saṃgati, or their causes (pratyaya), are the three saṃdhi (q.v. 6), viz. rāga, dveṣa, and moha, 162.14—15; (Tathāgatagarbho…pra- vartate naṭavad gatisaṃkaṭa) ātmātmīya-varjitas, tad- anavabodhāt trisaṃgati-pratyaya-kriyāyogaḥ pravartate 220.11. Cf. (tri-) saṃtati (1), the application of which is obscure.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅgati (सङ्गति).—f.

(-tiḥ) 1. Meeting, union, mixture. 2. Knowledge. 3. Association, intercourse. 4. Frequenting, going to. 5. Accidental meeting. 6. Relation, applicability, connection. 7. Questioning for continued or further information. E. sam together, gati going.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃgati (संगति).—i. e. sam-gam + ti, f. 1. Meeting, [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 20. 2. Chance, [Brāhmaṇavilāpa] 1, 2. 3. Union. [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 37, 19; association, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 55. 4. Intercourse, [Pañcatantra] 60, 9; sexual intercourse, [Daśakumāracarita] in Car. 182, 13. 5. Frequenting. 6. Questioning for further information.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃgati (संगति).—[feminine] meeting, encountering ([genetive] or —°), betaking one’s self to ([locative]); association, alliance, intercourse (also sexual) with ([instrumental] ±saha or samam, [locative], [genetive], or —°); happening, taking place; chance, accident; fitness, propriety; connection or coherence with, relation to ([instrumental] or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃgati (संगति):—[=saṃ-gati] [from saṃ-gam] f. coming together, meeting with ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] going or resorting to ([locative case]), [Cāṇakya; Hitopadeśa]

3) [v.s. ...] association, intercourse, society, company (with [instrumental case] with and without saha or samam; [locative case] [genitive case], or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] a league, alliance, [Cāṇakya]

5) [v.s. ...] sexual union, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] meeting or coming to pass accidentally, chance, accident (tyā, ind. ‘by chance, haply’), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] adaptation, fitness, appropriateness, applicability, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

8) [v.s. ...] connection with, relation to ([instrumental case] or [compound]), [Kāvyādarśa]

9) [v.s. ...] becoming acquainted, knowledge, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] questioning for further information, [Horace H. Wilson]

11) [v.s. ...] (in the Pūrva-mīmāṃsā) one of the 5 members (Avayavas) of an Adhikaraṇa, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅgati (सङ्गति):—[sa-ṅgati] (tiḥ) 2. f. Meeting; mixture; practicability; intercourse; conversancy, knowledge, search after information.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃgati (संगति) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃgai.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sangati in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sangati in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sangati in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) a companion; an associate..—sangati (संगाती) is alternatively transliterated as Saṃgātī.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃgaṭi (ಸಂಗಟಿ):—

1) [noun] flour of rāgi or other rain cooked and made in to a ball and served as food.

2) [noun] a thin gruel.

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Saṃgaṭi (ಸಂಗಟಿ):—[noun] = ಸಂಗಡಿ [samgadi]3.

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Saṃgati (ಸಂಗತಿ):—

1) [noun] the act of associating or the fact of being associated; association.

2) [noun] sexual intercourse; coitus.

3) [noun] companionship; comradeship.

4) [noun] the fact of accompanying or being accompanied; accompaniment.

5) [noun] connection between persons by blood or marriage; relation.

6) [noun] a group of people called together for consultation, discussion, advice, etc.; a council; a committee.

7) [noun] a good or better state of being.

8) [noun] news; information; tidings.

9) [noun] a topic or subject of an essay or other literary work.

10) [noun] (mus.) a singing of the same lyrics with various but aesthetic combination of musical notes.

11) [noun] ಸಂಗತಿ ದೋಷ, ಕೊರಳಿಗೆ ದೊಣ್ಣೆ [samgati dosha, koralige donne] sangati dōṣa, koraḷige doṇṇe (prov.) bad company leads to the gallows.

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Saṃgati (ಸಂಗತಿ):—[adverb] = ಸಂಗಡ [samgada]2.

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Saṃgāti (ಸಂಗಾತಿ):—

1) [noun] an intimate associate or companion; a friend.

2) [noun] a woman as related to her husband; a wife.

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Saṃgāti (ಸಂಗಾತಿ):—[noun] a small, congenital, dark spot, often hairy, on the human skin; a mole.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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