Sankrama, Saṅkrama: 5 definitions

Introduction

Sankrama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Saṅkrama (सङ्क्रम):—Bridge built of wood and other materials for crossing over water, which is commonly known as ‘Sāṅkham’, according to the Vivādaratnākara (p. 363). (Also see the Manubhāṣya, verse 9.285)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (S) next»] — Sankrama in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Saṅkrama (सङ्क्रम) is the name of a Vidyādhara who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side in the war against Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 48. Accordingly: “... when Śrutaśarman saw that, he quickly sent other ten lords of the Vidyādharas, chiefs of lords of hosts or lords of hosts of warriors,... and Saṅkrama [and seven others], the eight similar sons of the Vasus born in the house of Makaranda”.

The story of Saṅkrama was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Saṅkrama, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṅkrama (संक्रम).—m S saṅkramaṇa n S Passing or going on, proceeding, journeying, traveling. 2 By eminence. Passage or transit (of the sun or a planet) through the zodiac.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saṅkrama (संक्रम).—m saṅkramaṇa n Passing on; proceed- ing, journeying; transition. Passage or transit (of the sun or a planet) through the zodiac. saṅkramaṇakāḷa Transi- tional period. saṅkramaṇāvasthā Transitional stage.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅkrāma (सङ्क्राम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Difficult progress or passage over steep rocks, through narrow defiles, &c. 2. A bridge of ropes, &c: see saṅkrama. E. sam before kram to go, aff. ghañ .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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