Sanakadi, Saṇakāḍī, Sanakādi: 4 definitions


Sanakadi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sanakadi in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Sanakādi (सनकादि).—Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanātana and Sanatkumāra, the four Sages.

The Sanakādis are the mental sons of Brahmā. When they stood in the form of infants they were asked to create subjects. But they were the incarnation of 'Sattva', (the attribute of purity), and so were not prepared to undertake creation. Even at the age of four or five the four of them learned the Vedas, and travelled together. They were celibates for ever. While the Sanakādis were travelling thus one day they reached Vaikuṇṭha, and cursed Jaya and Vijaya who showed disrespect towards them. (See under Jayavijayas).

It is mentioned in some places that the Sanakādis were the incarnations of portions of Mahāviṣṇu. Once Brahmā praised the incarnations of Viṣṇu.

It is clear that the Kumāras (Sanakādis) had taken incarnation before the present Brahmā began the work of creation. (Devī Bhāgavata, Skandha 1; Skandha 7; Bhāgavata, Skandha 7, Bhaviṣya Purāṇa).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sanakādi (सनकादि) refers to the five mental (mānasa) sons of Brahmā, that came into existence during Kaumārasarga, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.15:—“[...] last of all, I shall mention the Brahminical creation which is of very little utility. It is here that the great creation of Sanaka and others, referred to above as Kaumārasarga, took shape. Sanaka and others, my mental sons, were five in number. They were all on a par with Brahman, of good rites and averse to worldly attachment. Despite my command they [viz., Sanakādi] were not inclined to carry on the activities of creation; those scholarly sons turned their attention from worldly activities and were devoted to the exclusive meditation on Śiva. [...]”.

Note: Sanakādi (the five mental sons) are Sana, Sanaka, Sanat, Sanātana and Sujāta. Elsewhere they are stated to be seven or ten.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṇakāḍī (सणकाडी).—f sometimes saṇakāṇḍī f The stem or bare culm of saṇa (Hemp-plant) after its rind is stripped from it. 2 Applied also to the stem similarly bared of ambāḍī, bhēṇḍī, and other plants from which sorts of hemp are obtained. 3 A match.

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sanakāḍī (सनकाडी).—& sanakāṇḍī f Properly saṇakāḍī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sanakāḍī (सनकाडी).—(or saṇakāḍī) f A stern of saṇa (helm or āmbāḍī or bhēṇḍī).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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