Sanandana: 5 definitions

Introduction

Sanandana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Sanandana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Sanandana (सनन्दन).—A hermit who was one of the Sanakādis.

2) Sanandana (सनन्दन).—A disciple of Śaṅkarācārya. (For further details see under Śaṅkarācārya, Para 6).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sanandana (सनन्दन).—A son of Brahmā; fit to contemplate on the glory of Kapila; came to see Trivikrama avatār of Viṣṇu; honoured for the śrutigītā by the assembly members of Brahmā;1 a son of Kaṅka an avatār of Śiva; got mokṣa by jñānam;2 a perfect sage.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 21. 1; IX. 8. 24; X. 87. 12-13, 42; Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 72; 101. 337. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 7. 13.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 131; 24. 79; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 4. 27, 30; 7. 9; V. 18; 42;
  • 3) Ib. VI. 7. 50.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)

Sanandana (सनन्दन) is found as a sculpture on the third pillar of the maṇḍapa of the temple of Kāśīviśveśvara.—Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanat and Sanatkumāra, the four sages, sons of Brahmā, to whom Śiva explains the secrets of Veda through his yogic power. All four sages are sitting with folded hands signifying that they are listening to him. They are also with a yogapaṭṭa.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous (S) next»] — Sanandana in Yoga glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Sanandana is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas), according to popular tradition in Jodhpur, Rājasthān. These posture-performing Siddhas are drawn from illustrative sources known as the Nava-nātha-caurāsī-siddha from Vȧrāṇasī and the Nava-nātha-caruāsī-siddha-bālāsundarī-yogamāyā from Puṇe. They bear some similarity between the eighty-four Siddhas painted on the walls of the sanctum of the temple in Mahāmandir.

The names of these Siddhas (eg., Sanandana) to 19th-century inscription on a painting from Jodhpur, which is labelled as “Maharaja Mansing and eighty-four Yogis”. The association of Siddhas with yogis reveals the tradition of seeing Matsyendra and his disciple Gorakṣa as the founders of haṭhayoga.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Sanandana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sanandana (सनन्दन).—Name of one of the four sons of Brahman.

Derivable forms: sanandanaḥ (सनन्दनः).

See also (synonyms): sananda.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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